GIZI UNESA <h3>Jurnal Gizi Unesa ini merupakan jurnal online yang diterbitkan oleh Program Studi S1 Gizi UNESA. Jurnal yang terbit empat bulan sekali ini memuat hasil-hasil penelitian mahasiswa dan dosen di bidang gizi masyarakat, gizi klinik dan gizi layanan makanan. </h3> <h3>The Gizi Unesa is an online journal published by the UNESA Nutrition Undergraduate Study Program. This journal, which is published every four months, contains the research articles of students and lecturers in the fields of community nutrition, clinical nutrition, and foodservice nutrition.</h3> en-US GIZI UNESA Relationship between Energy-Protein Intake and Nutritional Status in Infected Toddlers Acute Respiratory Tract (ISPA) at the Mulyorejo Community Health Center, Surabaya The direct causes of nutritional status are food consumption and infectious diseases. Inadequate food consumption reduces the absorption of nutrients such as energy and protein. Energy is created through the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins which function as energy substances for metabolism. Proteins also help make antibodies in the body so that the body is not easily attacked by infectious diseases. This research aims to find out how the nutritional status of toddlers suffering from acute respiratory infections (ARI) at the Mulyorejo Community Health Center, Surabaya, correlates with their energy and protein intake. This quantitative correlational research uses a cross-sectional design. This study was conducted in the Mulyorejo Community Health Center working area with respondents of 35 toddlers who were registered at the Mulyorejo Community Health Center in February and March and their mothers or caregivers. Data was collected through filling out questionnaires with interviews. Questionnaires were used to collect respondents' identities and toddlers' energy and protein intake. By using the weight for age index, the nutritional status of toddlers is measured by weighing them directly. The research instrument has been validated by lecturers who are experienced in this field. The data analysis method is the Rank-Spearman test. The results of the Rank-Spearman analysis showed that there was a relationship between the nutritional status of ISPA toddlers and energy intake (p=0.044) and protein intake (p=0.045). The author's advice is that mothers should pay attention to what their toddlers eat so that they stay healthy. Choridatul Quddus ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-01-17 2024-01-17 4 1 512 519 Effect of Moringa Leaf Extract Addition (Moringa Oleifera Lam.) on Iron and Vitamin C Content and Acceptability of Ledre as an Alternative Snack for Anemia Patients in School Age Children Anemia is a condition where the hemoglobin level in the blood is lower than the normal value. Normal hemoglobin levels in adolescent females are 12-16 g/dl and adolescent males are 13-17g/dl. One of the causes of anemia can be caused by several factors, namely low intake of iron and other nutrients such as Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Folic Acid, Ribovlafin and Vitamin B12. Ledre is one of the traditional snacks typical of Bojonegoro Regency made from plantain and rice flour. In this study, the product was treated with the addition of moringa leaf extract. This study aims to determine the acceptability and effect of the addition of moringa leaf extract to ledre products on the nutritional content of iron and vitamin C as a snack for people with anemia. The technique of collecting data on the level of favorability test was carried out on untrained panelists totaling 50 people from Bojonegoro Regency. The data were analyzed using Kruskall-Wallis statistical test. Testing the nutrient content of ledre products adding moringa leaf extract in the iron test using the Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer method. While for vitamin C using titration test. The results of the study of the three formulas showed no significant effect (p>0.05) on the ledre addition of moringa leaf extract at the level of color, aroma, taste, and texture so there was no need for further testing. The test results of iron content in the selected formula, F1, amounted to 1.28 mg/100g. While the vitamin C content in the best formula is F2 amounting to 1.5329 mg/100gram of material. Ilham Alfian Rahmat Dyani Alfian Rahmat Dyani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-01-17 2024-01-17 4 1 520 526 Penerapan Video Based Learning Gizi Seimbang Terhadap Pengetahuan Difabel Tunarungu Di Sekolah Luar Biasa (SLB) Negeri Pati, Jawa Tengah Deaf children are children who have hearing loss so they cannot hear sounds perfectly. In deaf children, everything that is recorded through visual perception is only like a silent movie. Learning video is one of the media that can be used in learning to listen, imitate and distinguish. Learning video media is expected to help deaf students improve their abilities in learning and students are not easily bored. This study aims to determine the effect of providing video-based education on the knowledge of deaf people. This research is a quantitative research using pre-experimental method. The planning used was One Group Pre-Test and Post-Test Design with a sample of 15 deaf students at SLB Negeri Pati. The results showed that there was an effect of providing balanced nutrition education on the knowledge of the Deaf using video media as evidenced by the results of the Paired T-Test statistical test with Sig. 0,0004 (<0,05). In addition, the results also show that there is a relationship between the provision of balanced nutrition education on the attitude (affective) of the Deaf using video media as evidenced by the results of the Wilcoxon statistical test with Sig. 0,038 (<0,05). Sheilla Eka Putri Rahayu Dewi Soeyono ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-01-19 2024-01-19 4 1 527 531 DIFFERENCES IN KNOWLEDGE AND INTAKE OF TODDLER BETWEEN MOTHERS OF STUNTING AND NORMAL TODDLER AT PUSKESMAS KALIRUNGKUT SURABAYA Stunting was a condition of failure to thrive in toddlers due to chronic malnutrition which was caused during the first 1000 days of a toddler's life when they did not received food intake that met their nutritional needed. The direct factor causing stunting was food intake, while the indirect factor of stunting was knowledge of balanced nutrition among mothers of toddlers. This studied aims to determine the differences in mothers' knowledge of balanced nutrition and toddler food intake between stunting and normal toddlers in the kalirungkut community health center area, surabaya. This studied used a cross-sectional researched design with 46 mothers of toddlers as respondents, with details of 23 mothers of stunting toddlers and 23 mothers of normal toddlers. The mother's balanced nutritional knowledge variable was obtained used a multiple choice test sheet, while toddler food intake was obtained used the semi quantitative food frequency questionnaire (sq-ffq). The data analysis technique used was the independent sample t-test. The results of this studied provided a significance of 0.010 < 0.05, which shows that knowledge of balanced nutrition among stunting mothers was different from that of normal toddler mothers, stunting toddler mothers were lowered than normal toddler mothers. Meanwhile, the food intake of toddlers gave a significance of < 0.05, namely energy 0.011, protein 0.000, fat 0.026, and carbohydrates 0.001, which shows that the intake of stunting toddlers was different from normal toddlers. Stunted toddlers' food intake was lowered than normal toddlers. Keywords: Knowledge, Food Intake, Stunting, Mothers of Toddlers Nawa Itoo Satya Arrum ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-01-19 2024-01-19 4 1 532 537 The Relationship Between Consumption of Sugar Salt Fat (SSF), and Physical Activity with Blood Pressure in Pre-elderly People in Simorejo Village, Kanor District, Bojonegoro Regency Hypertension is a condition where systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg and diastolic ≥90 mmHg. Kanor Health Center is ranked third with the highest hypertension cases in Bojonegoro with 16,853 cases. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between consumption of sugar, salt, fat (SSF), and physical activity with blood pressure in pre-elderly people in Simorejo Village, Kanor District, Bojonegoro Regency. This research is a analytic research with a cross sectional approach. The sampling technique used simple random sampling and obtained 95 respondents. Data collection using Semi-Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQ-FFQ) for SSF intake data, on physical activity using Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ). Data analysis using univariate and bivariate analysis. Of the four variables studied, namely sugar chi square test p value 0.018 (<0.05), spearman rank test 0.018 (<0.05) correlation coefficient value 0.242; salt chi square test p value 0.007 (<0.05), spearman rank test 0.006 (<0.05) correlation coefficient value 0.278; fat chi square test p value 0.029 (<0.05), spearman rank test 0.029 (<0.05) correlation coefficient value 0.224; showed a significant relationship between SSF consumption and blood pressure in Simorejo Village. However, in physical activity, the results of the chi square test obtained a p value of 0.064 (>0.05), the spearman rank test 0.64 (>0.05) with a correlation coefficient value of 0.191 showed no relationship between physical activity and blood pressure in Simorejo Village, this is because respondents with moderate and heavy physical activity ≥ respondents with light physical activity. It is expected to reduce SSF consumption and do proper and regular physical activity. Keywords: Consumption of Sugar, Salt, Fat, Physical Activity, Blood Pressure Kristina 19 013 Rahayu Dewi Soeyono ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-01-19 2024-01-19 4 1 538 545 SIFAT SENSORI DAN KANDUNGAN GIZI MUFFIN DENGAN SUBSTITUSI TEPUNG BERAS MERAH (Oryza nivara) SEBAGAI CAMILAN ALTERNATIF UNTUK PENDERITA DIABETES MELITUS Makanan selingan/camilan dibutuhkan oleh penderita diabetes melitus. Salah satu makanan selingan yang dapat dikonsumsi adalah muffin. Bahan alternatif yang dipakai dalam penelitian ini yaitu tepung beras merah. Bahan tersebut mempunyai serat yang tinggi dan nilai indeks glikemik kurang dari sedang. Tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengetahui tingkat kesukaan dan kandungan gizi muffin terbaik yang di substitusi tepung beras merah. Penelitian ini termasuk eksperimental dengan substitusi tepung beras merah P1 (10%), P2 (20%), dan P3 (30%) serta menggunakan gula rendah kalori dengan berat yang sama pada seluruh formulasinya. Hasil uji kesukaan menunjukkan bahwa muffin substitusi tepung beras merah ada pengaruh pada tingkat tekstur serta warna, namun tidak ada pengaruh pada tingkat rasa serta aroma. Muffin produk terbaik 100 gram memiliki kandungan gizi gula total = 2,63 gr, serat kasar = 0,86 gr, lemak = 13,25 gr, protein = 9,29 gr, dan energi = 251,69 kilokalori. Mohammad Ainur Rizqi RITA ISMAWATI ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-01-19 2024-01-19 4 1 546 552 The Utilization of Snakehead Fish (Channa Striata) and Tempeh in Making of Tofu Skin Rolls as a High Protein Energy Food for KEP Children Abstract Protein energy deficiency is a problem of malnutrition where sufferers do not consume enough foods that are high in energy and high in protein so that their daily energy and protein needs are not met. The aim of this research is to (1) determine the effect of snakehead fish and tempeh treatment on the level of preference for tofu skin rolls as TETP food for KEP children, (2) determine the energy, carbohydrate, protein and fat content from the results of the best sensory tests on tofu skin rolls. snakehead fish and tempeh as TETP food for KEP children. This research used experimental research with 3 treatments, namely F1 (A007) with 60% snakehead fish and 40% tempeh, F2 (A018) with 70% snakehead fish and 30% tempeh, F3 (A021) with 80% snakehead fish and 20% tempeh. The non-parametric statistics of the Kruskal Wallis test and continued with Mann Whitney will be used to analyze the data from the sensory test results. The results of statistical analysis show that tofu skin roll F3 (A021) using 80% snakehead fish and 20% tempeh is the best treatment with an average value of 5.10. The use of snakehead fish and tempeh affects the level of preference for color, aroma, taste but does not affect the texture of the tofu skin roll. The nutritional content of the best formula F3 (A021) per 100 grams is energy of 173.65 kcal, protein of 12.62%, carbohydrates of 11.33% and fat of 8.65%. Keywords: Tofu Skin Roll, Snakehead Fish, Tempe, KEP. Faridatur Rosyida ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-01-19 2024-01-19 4 1 553 561 Hubungan Antara Status Gizi, Tingkat Asupan Karbohidrat dan Lemak, serta Aktivitas Fisik dengan Kejadian Diabetes Melitus pada Lansia di Kelurahan Kricak Yogyakarta Lansia rentan terkena penyakit degeneratif seperti penyakit diabetes melitus (DM) karena seiring bertambahnya usia, lansia akan mengalami penurunan fungsi organ yang menyebabkan terjadinya obesitas, tingkat asupan karbohidrat dan lemak berlebih serta berkurangnya aktivitas fisik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan status gizi, tingkat asupan karbohidrat dan lemak serta aktivitas fisik dengan kejadian diabetes melitus pada lansia di Kelurahan Kricak, Yogyakarta. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross sectional, jumlah sampel dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 68 lansia dengan rincian 21 lansia DM dan 47 lansia non-DM yang diambil menggunakan teknik simple random sampling. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa status gizi lansia DM sebagian besar dalam kategori normal sedangkan status gizi lansia non-DM sebagian besar dalam kategori gemuk, tingkat asupan karbohidrat pada lansia DM sebagian besar dalam kategori baik sedangkan tingkat asupan karbohidrat lansia non-DM sebagian besar dalam kategori lebih, tingkat asupan lemak pada lansia DM dan lansia non-DM sebagian besar dalam kategori lebih, tingkat aktivitas fisik pada lansia DM dan lansia non-DM mayoritas dalam kategori ringan, dan tidak ada hubungan yang signifikan antara status gizi, tingkat asupan karbohidrat dan lemak serta aktivitas fisik dengan kejadian diabetes melitus pada lansia di Kelurahan Kricak Yogyakarta. Saran untuk penelitian ini adalah diharapkan para lansia dapat mengurangi konsumsi makanan tinggi karbohidrat dan lemak serta meningkatkan aktivitas fisik untuk menghindari terjadinya komplikasi pada kelompok lansia DM ataupun mencegah risiko terjadinya penyakit DM pada lansia non-DM. Cindy Gita Cahyani Siti Sulandjari ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-02-02 2024-02-02 4 1 562 570 HUBUNGAN ANTARA PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP DENGAN KEBIASAAN SARAPAN PADA ANAK USIA SEKOLAH KELAS 4, 5, DAN 6 DI SDN NGAGELREJO I KOTA SURABAYA Kebiasaan sarapan adalah kegiatan mengkonsumsi makanan dan minuman di pagi hari yang dilakukan setiap hari dan berulang-ulang dalam rentang waktu yang lama dan berdekatan yang bertujuan agar seseorang memenuhi kebutuhan gizi dan bisa hidup sehat. Faktor internal yang mempengaruhi kebiasaan sarapan dua diantaranya adalah pengetahuan dan sikap mengenai sarapan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara pengetahuan mengenai sarapan dan sikap terhadap sarapan dengan kebiasaan sarapan pada Anak Usia Sekolah Kelas 4, 5, dan 6 di SDN Ngagelrejo I Kota Surabaya. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain penelitian case control dengan responden sebanyak 40 siswa sekolah dasar, dengan rincian 20 siswa memiliki kebiasaan sarapan yang tidak baik dan 20 siswa memiliki kebiasaan sarapan yang baik. Teknik yang digunakan yaitu purposive sampling dengan analisis uji chi-square. Pengetahuan tentang sarapan diperoleh dari lembar tes pilihan ganda, sedangkan sikap terhadap sarapan diperoleh dari kuesioner sikap. Hasil analisis statistik antara pengetahuan sarapan anak usia sekolah dengan kebiasaan sarapan menunjukkan nilai Pvalue = 0,017. Sedangkan antara sikap sarapan pada anak usia sekolah dengan kebiasaan menunjukkan nilai Pvalue = 0,324. Dengan demikian, pada penelitian ini diketahui ada hubungan yang signifikan antara pengetahuan sarapan dengan kebiasaan sarapan namun tidak ada hubungan antara sikap sarapan dengan kebiasaan sarapan. Chelsea Diva Ramadhaniasari Siti Sulandjari ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-02-02 2024-02-02 4 1 571 577 The Effect of Counseling Using Simulation Game Methods on Knowledge and Attitudes of Toddler Mothers About Exclusive Breastfeeding Several factors, including the knowledge and attitude of mothers about exclusive breastfeeding, influence the implementation of exclusive breastfeeding. Providing information through counselling is expected to improve maternal knowledge and attitudes. This study aims to determine the effect of counselling using the simulation game method on the knowledge and attitudes of toddler mothers about exclusive breastfeeding at the Posyandu in Sine Village. This type of research is a quantitative study with a two-group pre – post test design. The sampling technique used purposive random sampling with a total of 46 respondents. The instruments used were knowledge test sheets and attitude questionnaires. The statistical analysis used was a paired T-test. The study concluded that using the simulation game method had no effect on knowledge and had an effect on attitudes about exclusive breastfeeding for toddler mothers at the Posyandu in Sine Village, Ngawi Regency. The suggestion is that further research should add other independent variables that can affect knowledge and attitudes. Hanida Luthfiyah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-02-02 2024-02-02 4 1 578 584