Avatara https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara <p><strong>E-Journal AVATARA terbit sebanyak tiga kali dalam satu tahun, dengan menyesuaikan jadwal Yudisium Universitas Negeri Surabaya. E-Jounal AVATARA diprioritaskan untuk mengunggah karya ilmiah Mahasiswa sebagai syarat mengikuti Yudisium.</strong></p><p><strong>Jurnal Online Program Studi S-1 Pendidikan Sejarah - Fakultas Ilmu Sosial UNESA</strong></p> Jur. Pendidikan Sejarah FIS UNESA en-US Avatara 2354-5569 PERUBAHAN PERILAKU FANATISME BONEK TAHUN 2000-2019 https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/article/view/41972 <p>The existence of supporters in the world of football is an important and vital part of a football club. The role of supporters in supporting their proud team is like stamps and letterheads that always go hand in hand with their existence. What doll comes to mind or crosses your mind about this name? Of course, there will be many meanings popping up in your mind about the word "Bonek", a word that refers to the name of a group of Persebaya Surabaya supporters. One of the legendary clubs in Indonesia since the Dutch colonial era. Bonek is often defined or referred to as a group of football fans who always behave aggressively and negatively. But did you know that Bonek is the first group of supporters in Indonesia that is well coordinated in providing support to the team they support, Persebaya Surabaya. As an identity for a group of supporters that attracts attention, Bonek's behavior is seen as something that has a high news value by the mass media so that it can increase the rating value of a television station. If traced from its historical story, Bonek is actually a group of football fans in Indonesia who first experienced modernization when they flocked to the stadium. As time goes on and this historical era begins to be forgotten and not many people know about the story and in fact most people only know from the side of Bonek's negative behavior that is often attached to them. With the passage of time, until now Bonek is still improving in how to support his pride club Persebaya Surabaya. This research uses heuristic, critique, interpretation, and historiography historical research methods. To support thisresearch, researchers will use an approach using the theory of Linear Change proposed by Emile Durkheim, where in this theory Durkheim explains the changes that occur in society experienced by humans from a life that emphasizes uniformity to a society that emphasizes individual differences. This research is: 1.) To analyze the form of Bonek's fanaticism in supporting Persebaya in 2000-2019? 2.) To describe what factors influence Bonek's behavior change in supporting Persebaya in 2000-2019?. Bonek itself in its journey from time to time increasingly shows significant changes towards a better direction than the past five years. Currently, Bonek's behavior in supporting his pride, Persebaya Surabaya, is more organized and conducive to his journey.</p> <p>Keywords : Bonek, Fanaticism, Supporters, and Persebaya Surabaya</p> HENDRIAWAN HENDRIAWAN ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/ 2021-07-18 2021-07-18 11 2 PERUSAHAAN ROKOK CV. ULUNG BOJONEGORO TAHUN 1993-2015 https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/article/view/41974 <p>CV. Ulung as a cigarette company in Bojonegoro is very interested to reseached, because of its existence still holding till now. Although there are so many merk of cigarette which grew up. And its also has a problem from goverment ban because of its raw material is very dangerous. All of them are regulated in Government Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia Number 81 of 1999 as a continuation of Law number 23 of 1992 article 44 which regulates the safety of cigarette products for health. CV. Ulung Cigarette Company produces two types of cigarettes, there are paper kretek cigarettes and kelobot cigarettes under the brand name Cap Oeloeng. Thats why, the survival of this company, interested the author to found more information about the background of the CV.Ulung as a cigarette company from its build and how the strategy to keep exist with the smoker from 1993 till 2015. So we get the formulation problems that are 1. How do the dynamics of CV. Ulung as a cigarette company from 1993-2015 ? 2. What are the factors that support and inhibit the growth and development of CV. Ulung as a cigarette company ? 3. How is the strategy developed that the CV. Ulung as a cigarette company can survive? The problems of this research will be examined using historical research methods and are divided into four stages. There are heuristics (source collection), criticism (verification), interpretation (interpretation) and historiography (writing history). The results obtained during the study indicate that the survival of the CV. Ulung as a cigarette company due to the efforts in carrying out the strategy by improving the quality of its products, establishing good communication with the Indonesian Kretek Community and the existence of consumers who are still loyal to consuming Cap Oeloeng cigarettes. Most of the consumers are from old age people who used to consume Cap Oeloeng cigarettes when they were young. In another side, people from the lower economic class also very loyal to consume cigarette from Cap Oeloeng.</p> <p>Keywords: Cigarettes, CV Ulung, Oeloeng Cigarettes</p> Olyvia Dian Hapsari Wisnu Wisnu ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/ 2021-07-18 2021-07-18 11 2 DINAMIKA TRANSPORTSI ANGKUTAN UMUM PEDESAAN DI KAB. JOMBANG TAHUN 1990 – 2017 https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/article/view/41975 <p>Public transportation is a place that is widely used by the community to meet the community's need for a means that can transport, deliver and carry them to move from one place to another. The existence of public transportation facilities for civil society really helps them in carrying out their daily mobility in meeting the needs of life, one of which is rural public transportation for people in Jombang district. The development of an increasingly modern society raises the dynamics in the existence of rural public transportation in Jombang district. With the modernization of society, a pattern has emerged where the personal needs of the community are more important than the common needs. It is proven by the growing development of Jombang Regency as a modern and advanced area, making the people of Jombang no longer use rural public transportation services as their means of transportation. The increasingly stable economic conditions have made many people prefer to have private vehicles that are more accessible and flexible. As a result, the longer the existence of rural public transportation in Jombang district is decreasing and its existence is threatened with extinction. The aims of this study are, 1) To know the dynamics of the development of rural public transportation in Jombang Regency from 1990-2017. 2) Analyzing changes in the pattern of people's lives in Jombang district from civil society to modern society. 3) Analyzing the decreasing interest of the people of Jombang in the declining existence of rural public transportation. This research uses heuristic, critique, interpretation and historiography historical research methods. Data collection from this research was obtained from data from the Jombang district transportation office, but the data obtained was only data on the number of rural publictransportation fleets in 2017. To complete the lack of sources, interviews were conducted on oral sources related to the existence of rural public transportation in Jombang district. , and also distributed questionnaires to users of rural public transport services. From the data obtained facts that explain that the dynamics of the existence of rural public transportation in Jombang Regency are influenced by a decrease in the interest of the Jombang community in using public transportation which occurs due to the modernization factor that supports people to move individually and no longer attaches importance to common needs.</p> <p>Keywords: Rural public transportation, Jombang district, interests, dynamics, social change</p> Nurdina Annisa' ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/ 2021-07-18 2021-07-18 11 2 Peran Dinas Kesehatan Sipil (Burgerlijke Geneeskundigen Dienst) Dalam Penanganan Epidemi Pes di Jawa Timur Pada Tahun 1910-1916 https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/article/view/41976 <p>At the beginning of the 20nd century the Dutch East Indies was hit by a disease disaster, the disaster was the plague epidemic. This plague epidemic attacked first time in the East Java Province,at the beginning of its arrival caused many victims. In East Java, which was the first area to be infected with the palgue epidemic , the total number of victims was nearly 36.000 people. From the large number of the victims, it can be seen that this disaster is a serious disease disaster, from 1910-1916 various eefforts were also made by the colonial government to overcome this plague epidemic. One of which is the realization of the separation between the Burgerlijke Geneeskundigen Dienst (BGD) with Militaire Geneeskundigen Dinest (MGD) whic is the institution that specifically handles civil society health. Research with the theme of history of health is important to do to find out the health condition of the people during the Dutch East Indies period, especially during the arrival of a major epidemic. Research on health history is also still minimal, so this research is carried out. Conducting in this reasearch, there are four stage of historical reasearch that are passed, the first is heuristic process which is the stage of collecting sources from primary sources in the form of archives belonging to the Dutch East Indies colonial government, the reports of the Burgerlijke Geneeskundigen Dienst (BGD) and Dienst der Pesbestrijding and also the newspapers reporting of the plague epidemic in East Java in 1910-1916, the Medayu Agung Library and interviews with resources persons who have conducted research on the plague epidemic in Java. The second stage is critized of the sources which is a test and verification of the sources that have been obtained, this criticism is carried out internally and externally to the archives, in addition comparisons were also made between these archives with similiar writings. The third stage is interpretation, which is in this stage is interpreting the sources after being verified with the help of social and political sciences. The fourth is historiography, in this stage is the writing of history chronologically and analitically based on the research theme that has been selected. This study will discuss (1) How the beginning of the outbreak of the plague epidemic in East Java ini 1910’ (2) How the policies adopted by Burgerlijke Geneesundigen Dienst (BGD) in handling the plague epidemic in East Java in 1910-1916; (3) How the role of Burgerlijke Geneeskundigen Dienst (BGD) in carrying out handling of the plague epidemic in East Java in 1910-1916. The results of the study is revealed that the origin outbreak of the plague epidemic was from the rice import activities carried out by the colonial government, where the rice was contaminated with the plague bacteria. Due the import activities, then the plague spread which was later designated as an epidemic by the colonial government. With this determination, Burgerlijke Geneeskundigen Dienst (BGD as an intitutions that responsible for the health of civil society must take a role. This role through the polices making such as research and treatment, quarantine/isolation, vaccination and disinfection and the issuance of autonomous institutions, this was carried out as a form of the role of Burgerlijke Geneeskundigen Dienst (BGD) in dealing with the plague epidemic in East Java in 1910-1916 which was carried out directly and indirectly role.</p> <p>Keywords: Plague Epidemic, Burgerlijke Geneeskundigen Dienst (BGD), East Java</p> Fatwatun Nurlaili Nasution Nasution ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/ 2021-07-18 2021-07-18 11 2 TRANSFORMASI BUDAYA LORO PANGKON PADA PERNIKAHAN ADAT “PENGANTIN PUTRI JENGGOLO” SEBAGAI POTENSI WISATA BUDAYA DI SIDOARJO TAHUN 2006-2019 https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/article/view/41977 <p>This research is important because there is an interesting change to study, which starts from the Javanese bride’s traditional wedding procession in Sidoarjo Regency and is called the Jenggolo Princess Bride which has a special ritual, namely Loro Pangkon and then transforms into a cultural tourism object because of its uniqueness. This study has the following problem formulations : (1) How is the procession of Loro Pangkon Culture at the “Bride of Princess Jenggolo” traditional wedding after standarization in 2006-2012, (2) How is the process of transitioning the Loro Pangkon Culture as a potential cultural tourism in 2012-2016, (3) How the practice of Loro Pangkon Culture becomes a potential cultural tourism in Sidoarjo in 2017-2019. This thesis research uses historical methods, namely heuristics, source criticism, interpretation, and historiography to answer the formulation of the problem studied so that the results of the study indicate that : 1) The Loro Pangkon Cultural Procession is marked by the Terbang Jidor blow that accompanies the male bride and groom group, to introduce themselves more far through the Loro Pangkon Dialogue, and taking the jago Loro Pangkon in order to meet the bride or the bridegroom, this traditional ceremony has a symbol in the form of a rooster which has the meaning of the privilege of the male bride and the Loro Pangkon culture shows the readiness of marriage by the bride and groom 2) Cultural transfer Loro Pangkon can be seen when various print media computer to write down the Bride of Princess Jenggolo and the Loro Pangkon Culture after being shown at the mass mariage even 3) The practice of Loro Pangkon Culture as a cultural tourism can be seen from various kinds of cultural parades, or parades featuring the Princess Jenggolo Loro Pangkon Culture.</p> <p>Keywords :Transformation, Loro Pangkon Culture, Bride of Princess Jenggolo</p> Awwalussalma Rusdianty Sumarno Sumarno ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/ 2021-07-18 2021-07-18 11 2 EJEKAN POLITIK PEMILU TIGA ZAMAN (1955-2014) https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/article/view/41978 <p>In the history of politics in Indonesia, there is an interesting phenomenon that occurs at the time leading up to, implementation until the end of the election. The phenomenon that arises is the emergence of the phenomenon of political satire between parties or supporters. Political satire is an act of controlling, ridicule, satire or insult in politics with the intention of bringing down opponents or other groups with different interests as an attempt to seize power. This study utilizes other social science approaches, namely by using a political communication approach to explain political ridicule in the implementation of elections in Indonesia from 1955 to 2014.<br>This study discusses (1) the forms of political satire in the implementation of the Old Order general election; (2) The form of political satire in the implementation of the New Order General Election; and (3) The form of political satire in the implementation of the General Election during the Reformation period. Then this study uses historical research methods where the research process includes collecting and collecting phenomena that occur in the end. History writing has 5 stages, namely: (1) topics, (2) heuristics or source collection, (3) collection or criticism, (4) interpretation or sources, and lastly (5) history writing in the form of outlining the results of their research in descriptive form.<br>. In addition to presenting types of political satire in elections from the Old Order, New Order and Reform, the results of this study also show similarities and differences regarding the phenomenon of political satire that emerged in the elections from the Old Order, New Order and Reformation eras. This difference can be seen in terms of language use, where political satire during the Old Order tended to be more vulgar than political ridicule during the New Order and Reformation. Then the similarity of the political ridicule of these three eras lies in the use of media as a tool to propagate political messages where newspapers and magazines are more dominant.<br>Keywords: Political Satire, Election, Old Order, New Order, Reformation Era</p> Awangga Widi Wahyu Utomo Rojil Nugroho Bayu Aji ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/ 2021-07-18 2021-07-18 11 2 Pelayanan Kesehatan: Dinamika Penyelenggaraan Sarana Kesehatan di Kota Surabaya tahun 1924-1938 https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/article/view/42013 <p>The majority of studies on health history in the city of Surabaya discuss diseases and hospitals. Various archives as primary data regarding reports of conditions at that time, especially in terms of health, explained a lot about how the habits of the people of Surabaya were less familiar with cleanliness. This is special information considering that the city of Surabaya itself was once a Gemeente area since 1906, causing the city of Surabaya to experience rapid development so that population growth continues to occur, causing the living space in Surabaya to be narrow and causing various kinds of problems, one of which is health. . Although since 1917 there has been a Simpang hospital which has become the central hospital in Surabaya, although in its development several health facilities in Surabaya continue to grow, there are several problems that must be experienced. This study intends to reconstruct the factors that cause the implementation of health facilities and the dynamics that occur in the implementation of health facilities in Surabaya in 1924-1938. This study discusses (1) what are the factors behind the implementation of health facilities in the city of Surabaya in 1924-1938?; (2) How was the development of the implementation of health facilities in the city of Surabaya in 1924- 1938?. This study uses historical research methods which include topic selection, source collection, verification or criticism, interpretation or interpretation and historiography sourced from several Dutch archives as well as books thatexplain how the state of health in the city of Surabaya and the colonial government's policies in overcoming health problems. . The results of this study explain the factors that led to the construction of health facilities in Surabaya because the health of the people of the city of Surabaya before becoming Gemeente was very bad, even the environmental conditions in the city of Surabaya were also dirty due to the habit of people who like to throw dirt in the river and the lack of public knowledge. Regarding health, this situation persists even though Surabaya has become an administrative area. As a result, the implementation of health facilities in the city of Surabaya is not as easy as imagined, there are many problems that occur, ranging from the spread of bad issues regarding deaths that occur in hospitals, so doctors have to work hard to save patients being treated, it doesn't stop there. the interests of a group also intervened in health services in Surabaya, and economic problems became problematic in itself, causing the government to reduce the health budget which led to changes in hospital management.</p> <p>Keyword: Health Facility, enviroment, Surabaya</p> Aditya Indrawan Rojil Nugroho Bayu Aji ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/ 2021-07-18 2021-07-18 11 2 PERANAN ULAMA MOJOKERTO DALAM PERTEMPURAN 10 NOVEMBER 1945 https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/article/view/42058 <p>On August 17th, 1945 Indonesia Proclaimed Its Independence, this indicates that a new country has been born named Indonesia. The proclamation of independence does not mean that the new State is free from colonialism. Indonesia's independence was again shaken by the arrival of allied troops who were driven by the NICA. NICA was a government formed by the Dutch with an economic azas. The Dutch argued that Indonesia would never be biased to rise up or stand without their help, which is why the Dutch tried to regain control of Indonesia. The arrival of allied forces and NICA led to a major battle in Surabaya. There are many brave dead marches who fight to defend the city of Surabaya from being captured by the allies. This is inseparable from the role of the scholars who encourage the students and their followers to fight in protecting and defending the sovereignty of the country by igniting the spirit of jihad in strengthening the independence of the country. Among them are KH Achyat Chalimy, KH. Mochmmad Nawawi, all of whom are scholars from Mojokerto City who played an active role in the establishment of the Independence of the Republic of Indonesia. Based on this, this research formulates the following problems (1) what was the role of Mojokerto ulema in the battle of November 10th, 1945? (2) What was the role of the Mojokerto ulema after the battle of November 10th, 1945?. This research is arranged in the form of written text, so the paradigm used is based on qualitative research. Qualitative research in this paper focuses on the process of deductive analysis method. Therefore, qualitative research is a procedure that produces descriptive data in the form of written texts from people whosebehavior or thoughts can be observed. This approach is directed at the background and the individual as a whole (holistic). These people and behaviors can also be written text. While the steps used are as follows: research paradigm, research type, approach, data sources, data collection, data validity and finally data analysis. The results of this study centered on the role of K.H. Achyat Halimy and K.H. Mohammad Nawawi in the battle of November 10th, 1945. The role of KH Achyat Halimy was to establish the Mojokerto hizbullah lazkar, to lead the defense line of Mojokerto, and to continue to lead the sabilillah and Hizbullah troops after the November 10th, 1945 battle. KH Mohammad Nawawi's role was to be involved in the formation of maps in Mojokerto, Initiated the establishment of a branch of Nahdlatul Ulama in the city of Mojokerto, initiated the establishment of Lazkar Hizbullah in the city of Mojokerto, and a leader in every battle.<br>Keywords: Ulama, struggle, Independence, battle of November 10th,1945</p> Nur Fitri As Sajdah Artono Artono ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/ 2021-07-18 2021-07-18 11 2 PERKEMBANGAN EKONOMI DI KABUPATEN WONOGIRI TAHUN 1967 - 1985 https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/article/view/42452 <p>This research was conducted regarding "Economic Development in Wonogiri Regency in 1967-1985". The formulation of the problem are : 1) How was the economic condition of the people in Wonogiri Regency before 1967, 2) How was the economic condition of the people in Wonogiri Regency 1967-1985, and 3) What was the carrying capacity that underlies economic development in Wonogiri Regency 1967 – 1985. This research is a historical research, so to achieve the writing of history, there are four stages, namely heuristics, criticism, interpretation and the last is historiography. The results of the research and discussion are that the economic conditions of the people in Wonogiri Regency before 1967 there were still regional social vulnerabilities motivated by the existence of phenomena that were detrimental to an area, such as poverty. The economic condition of the people in Wonogiri Regency in 1967 – 1985 indicated that the implementation of the construction of the Gajah Mungkur Wonogiri Reservoir has shown success. Wonogiri residents get an increase in income and the socio-economic life of the residents increases. The supporting capacity that underlies economic development in Wonogiri Regency in 1967–1985 was the construction of the Wonogiri Gajah Mungkur Reservoir, in which it has created jobs and the carrying capacity that affects economic growth, including human resources, natural resources, science and technology, culture, and capital resources.<br>Keywords: Economic Development, History, Wonogiri Regency</p> Jeni Mega Febriani Sumarno Sumarno ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/ 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 11 2 PERANAN TRANSPORTASI KERETA API SURABAYA - LAMONGAN TERHADAP SOSIAL EKONOMI MASYARAKAT LAMONGAN 2004 - 2020 https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/article/view/42471 <p>The purpose of this research ; for 1) To find out the background of the opening of the Surabaya - Lamongan Railroad. 2) To find out the dynamics of the Sulam Commuter Railroad and Lamongan Station. 3) To analyze the socio-economy with the opening of the Surabaya - Lamongan Railroad The method used in this study is the historical method. The first stage in this research is heuristics, realized by tracing supporting sources such as annual reports, the volume up and down of passengers obtained from data requests and interviews by Public Relations of PT KAI Daop VIII Surabaya. The data that has been obtained is then criticized by the descriptive analysis method, which is an analysis that describes the data clearly and in detail with the cause and effect of a certain historical event. This data analysis is obtained from documents that have been obtained in the heuristic stage, then compiled in the form of historiography. The purpose of the above stages is to compare the historical sources with the facts in the research into a historical story. The results of this study indicate that the opening of the Surabaya Lamongan Railroad or known as the Sulam Commuter Train has an impact on socio-economic conditions, especially the people of Lamongan Regency and opens new jobs for the surrounding community. So that it has a negative and positive impact with the opening of the Surabaya Lamonga train<br>Keywords: Train, Commuter Sulam, Social, Economi</p> Sike Aflia Nurfahma Nasution Nasution ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/ 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 11 2 PENGARUH MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE THE POWER OF TWO (DIMODIFIKASI) BERBANTUAN INSASTORY INSTAGRAM TERHADAP KREATIVITAS PESERTA DIDIK PADA MATA PELAJARAN SEJARAH KELAS XI IPS DI MAN 1 BOJONEGORO TAHUN PELAJARAN 2020/2021 https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/article/view/42472 <p>The research activities was discussed about the influence of cooperative learning model type The Power of Two (modified) assisted by Instagram Instastory on the creativity of students in the history subjects of class XI IPS in MAN 1 Bojonegoro that has the purpose of whether there is an influence of cooperative learning model type the power of two (modified) assisted instastory instagram to the creativity of participants students in the history subjects of class XI IPS MAN 1 Bojonegoro and determine how much the model of cooperative learning type the power of two (modified) assisted by Instagram Instastory affects the creativity of students in the History Subjects class XI IPS MAN 1 Bojonegoro year 2020/2021. The research used Pre-Experimental and One-Shot Case Study as research design. The population includes all students of grade 11 IPS in MAN 1 Bojonegoro which amounted to 144 people and class XI-US 2 as a sample or an experimental class. The data analysis used is with Simple Linear Regression Test Technique. Based on the results of the calculation analysis obtained the results that the cooperative learning model type The Power of Two (modified) assisted by Instagram Instastory has a significant influence on the creativity of students of grade XI IPS MAN 1 Bojonegoro in history subjects with an average percentage result of 24,3% on the creativity of learners, while the rest of the effect on it can be influenced by other factors such as interest in learning, motivation, and literacy skills, etc. Portofolio assigments have very creativity criteria with a percentage of 90,08% and oral tests with an average pecentage of 93,92% with excellent criteria.<br>Keywords: Cooperative Learning, The Power of Two, Instastory Instagram, Student Creativity.</p> Mega Marcella Septina Alrianingrum ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/ 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 11 2 PERKEMBANGAN PONDOK PESANTREN SALAFIYAH DESA BANDAR KIDUL KOTA KEDIRI 1999-2010 https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/article/view/42499 <p>The Salafiyah Islamic Boarding School is a boarding school located in the village of Bandar Kidul, the city of Kediri. Although at the beginning of the establishment of this cottage, it was only marked by the presence of a prayer room or the surrounding community was more familiar with the term langgar angkring. Until in the end this cottage underwent changes by continuing to carry out an education system that was still firmly adhered to, namely the classical education pattern. By explaining how the background of the establishment of Islamic boarding schools, how the process of educational development and also the educational model used in Islamic boarding schools as a formulation of the problem to be taken, so that it is interesting to study further about what forms of change have occurred while continuing to implement the patterns that have been developed. long. This study uses historical research methods consisting of Heuristics, Criticism, Interpretation, and Historiography. The sources used are oral sources obtained from interviews with historical actors, written sources, and also other sources in the form of photos of events. Based on the results of this study, there are several patterns of change ranging from changing policies made by Islamic boarding schools to changing the management of Islamic boarding schools which later this change brings the boarding schools to patterns of change that support the development of Islamic boarding schools.<br>The Salafiyah Islamic Boarding School is a boarding school founded by Kh Abu Bakar who is an expert in the science of Falaq, making it an important capital in establishing Salafiyah Islamic Boarding Schools. In 1949 the son of kh Abu Bakar, namely kh Abdul Djalil as the next generation succeeded in building public sympathy for caring for Islamic boarding schools, until finally kh Abdul Djalil managed to hold a public recitation which was held every Thursday and is still ongoing today. This recitation assembly is a source of knowledge for the general public, especially in the village of Bandar Kidul Kediri. The Islamic boarding school has succeeded in building the Raudlotul Mubtadi Madrasa which is proof that the Salafiyah Islamic Boarding School is able to survive until now. Currently, many pesantren have opened schools/madrasas. However, there are concerns that if you only receive religious education, you will not be able to keep up with existing developments<br>Keywords: Islamic boarding schools</p> David Sugianto Putra Sumarno Sumarno ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/ 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 11 2 KEHIDUPAN SOSIAL - EKONOMI KOMUNITAS ARAB DI KELURAHAN PULOPANCIKAN KABUPATEN GRESIK TAHUN 1830-1930 https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/article/view/42500 <p>Pulopancikan village is one of the oldest areas in Gresik that is mostly inhabited by Arabs, where at first they only stopped in the area until finally, these Arabs decided to settle in Gresik. The influence of the Arab community living in the Pulopancikan village has a considerable impact on the residents living in the vicinity because most Arabs have businesses such as making sarongs and caps. These efforts can have a better impact on the local economy.<br>This study discusses (1) the background of the first arrival of ethnic Arabs in Pulopancikan village; (2) the social and economic activities of ethnic Arabs who have played a role in the history of economic development in the region. This study aims to describe the background of the arrival of ethnic Arabs in the Pulopancikan village of Gresik and the second objective is to explain all social and economic activities carried out by all ethnic Arabs living in the region. This study used historical research methods which consist of four stages of research, namely heuristics (collection of sources), criticism (verification of sources), interpretation, and historiography (writing). The heuristic stage was used to obtain research sources in archives, journals, scientific articles, newspapers, books, and others used as support for this research. The critical stage in the form of source criticism was carried out to be able to see how authentic the source is and the credibility of the source to avoid falsehood. At the interpretation stage, this was done based on the literacy that has been found.<br>The results of this study indicate that the first arrival of ethnic Arabs in the Pulopancikkan village of Gresik Regency came from the arrival of the Hadramaut Arabs who initially only carried out trading activities which were also accompanied by carrying out Islamic da'wah until in the end, they settled in Pulopancikan Village. They also apply ways of carrying out economic activities to local people who live in the same area.<br>Keywords: community, Arab ethnicity, economy, social.</p> Nur Aprilia Artono Artono ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/ 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 11 2 PENGARUH MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE GROUP INVESTIGATION DENGAN MEDIA DARING TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SISWA KELAS XI IPS 1 DI SMA NEGERI 1 PURWOSARI TAHUN PELAJARAN 2020/2021 https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/article/view/42590 <p>This study aims to determine the effect of the group investigation type cooperative learning models with online media on student learning outcomes and the effect of the group investigation type cooperative learning models with online media on the learning outcomes of class 11 IPS 1 students at Senior High School 1 Purwosari.<br>This research is quantitative reseach with Pre-Experimental Design reseach method.This reseach design uses One Shot Case Study.The sample of this reseach is XI IPS with Purposive Proportional Cluster sampling technique.Collecting data using a questionnaire to determine discussion skills, posttest to determine knowledge, assesment sheets to determine discussion skills and observation techniques to obtain teacher learning data in the class and attitude assesment and documentation.<br>Based on the result of a simple linear regersion test is Y=53,227+0,461, next to examine teh relation between X and Y,accordingly do correlation product moment test that purpose to get teh results of two side hypothesis test and compare Tcount 0,729 &gt; Ttable 0,278.This results indicate there is effect between two variables.Value Rcount positive and is in Ha acquisition, so that Ho is rejected and Ha is accepted.From the correlation product moment test, know that correlation coefficient value 0,729 or in good category, significanceis 0,000 &lt; 0,050,means that data has significant effect.The effect in this reseach can be seen from R Square in summary table model with 0,532 value or 53,2 % percentase.Overmeasure 0,468 value or 46,8% percentase influenced by other variables.Thus, it can confluded that the cooperative learning model type group investigation with online media and significant effect on student learning outcomes of class 11 IPS 1 students at Senior High School 1 Purwosari.<br>Keywords: Group Investigation Type Cooperative Learning Models, Online Media, Learning Outcomes</p> Hamzah Maulana Haikal Septina Alrianingrum ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/ 2021-08-06 2021-08-06 11 2 PENGEMBANGAN KATALOG DIGITAL UNTUK PEMBELAJARAN SEJARAH DI MUSEUM SEPULUH NOVEMBER https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/article/view/42852 <p>The development of this digital catalog aims to find out: (1) the importance of digital catalog development in improving students' historical understanding of the Events of The Ten November, (2) the effectiveness of digital catalogs to support historical learning at the Ten November Museum and (3) the efficiency of digital catalog development to help improve information at the Ten November Museum. This research is Research and Development (R&amp;D) using the ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, Evaluation) model. The research data collection instrument uses the validation questionnaire of media experts, content experts and respondents consisting of students, general visitors and museum employees. The type of data taken in the form of quantitative data is then analyzed into qualitative data using a rating scale. The results of validation tests by media expert lecturers and content experts obtained an average score of 88.7% with a very decent category. Student response results to catalogs score 92% which means catalogs are important to improve understanding of student history and are effectively used in supporting historical learning in museums. The response of visitors and museum employees received a score of 95.6% which means digital catalogs are efficient to improve information in the museum.<br>Keywords: Digital Catalog, ADDIE Model, Historical Learning Media Development, Museum</p> Ashri Hani Prasetyo Septina Alrianingrum ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/ 2021-09-08 2021-09-08 11 2 Pengaruh Pembelajaran Daring Berbasis WhatsApp Grup Terhadap Hasil Belajar Siswa Pada Mata Pelajaran Sejarah Indonesia Kelas X IPA 5 SMA Negeri 1 Sampang Ditinjau Dari Persepsi Peserta Didik https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/article/view/42883 <p>The one way that is currently being taken is by taking advantage of technological advances for a teacher to deliver the material should be. Because of the online learning that attrached the attention of author to examine this phenomenon. The athor wants to eamine the effect of online learning, especially the applications that have been widely used, namely WhatsApp on student learning outcomes by considering student perceptions, where the results are the changes obtained by students carrying out the learning process both formally, informally, and nonformally. In this study, the authors used quantitative research methods. The research used is Pre-Experimental Design with the type of One Shot Case Study to determine the magnitude of the effect of variable X on variable Y. This experimental methods uses only one group known for certain treatment without a comparison group and without any Pre-Test. The variables in this study were Students’ Perceptions of Online Learning based WhatsApp Group (X) and Learning Outcomes (Y). The type of data used in this study is interval data. The analysis test of the hypothesis in this study uses associative hypothesis analysis of the-party test by comparing the correlation between R-hitung and R-tabel Product Moment. These results indicate that theres an influence between the two variables. From the results of the product moment correlation test, known that correlation coefficient values 0.351 and the Low category, the significances 0.036 &lt; 0.05 , which mean that data has a significant effect. The magnitude of influence can be seen from Rsquare Summary table with a value of 0.1234 or 12.34%. So, it can be concluded that Students’ Perceptions of Online Learning based WhatsApp Group has a positive and significant effect to Learning Outcomes at SMA Negeri 1 Sampang class X IPA 5 by 12.34% Keywords : Online Learning, WhatsApp, Learning Outcomes, Perceptions, Students</p> Ilmaida Alvianti Septina Alrianingrum ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/ 2021-09-15 2021-09-15 11 2 AKULTURASI JAWA-EROPA DALAM LEGIUN MANGKUNEGARAN DI SURAKARTA (1900-1942) https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/article/view/42892 <p>Mangkunegaran is a formerly special autonomous region belonging to the Sunanate of Surakarta, which is now included into the administrative region of the city of Surakarta, Central Java. Mangkunegaran has some unique military unit called Legion of Mangkunegaran. This military unit has its own uniqueness compared to other Javanese military unit at that time. The uniqueness lies in the legionary soldiers who look like European army but still wear some elements from Javanese traditional clothes.This research uses the historical method consisting of heuristics, internal critic, interpretation, dan historiograph. The sources we use are in the form of literature such as books and scientific article. Source from the literature are then compared with the original archives in the Library of Reksapustaka before being written into this scientific article. In this research, it can be stated that Javanese-European acculturation in Legion of Mangkunegaran during 1900-1942 emerged as a result of ongoing modernization process that was intensively carried out in Mangkunegaran at that time.</p> <p>Keyword : Javanese-European Acculturation, Legion of Mangkunegara</p> Airlangga Wisnu Murti Nasution Nasution ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/ 2021-09-15 2021-09-15 11 2 MINUMAN JAMU TRADISIONAL SEBAGAI KEARIFAN LOKAL MASYARAKAT DI KERAJAAN MAJAPAHIT PADA ABAD KE-14 MASEHI https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/article/view/42175 <p>Jamu is traditional drink that has been preserved by the community to this day. Jamu is representation of a local wisdom that develop in this community, because they are believe that traditional drinks can eliminate various disease without causing side effects. Jamu is a proof that the people of ancient Java have recognized traditional medicines as an important component in the health sector. This research will discuss the techniques and processes of making herbal traditional medicine and its use as a traditional health drink in the Majapahit Kingdom in the 14th century AD. The research method used answering these problems are heuristics, criticsm, interpretation, and historiography.. Based on this background, there are 2 problem that can be determined, namely: 1) How was the technique and process of making traditional herbal medicine as a health drink by the people in the Majapahit Kingdom in the 14th century AD? 2) How was the use of herbal medicine as a traditional health drink in the people of the Majapahit Kingdom in the 14th century AD? The result showed that people in the Majapahit Kingdom in 1305-1400 AD were familiar with processing plant into health drink. The processing technique is still simple and utilizes several types of plants, most of them are still used today. The use of herbal medicine is devided into two, namely herbal medicine for therapy and herbal medicine for maintaining health. The culture of drinking herbal medicine continues to develop and be preserved, so that is what makes herbal medicine a representation of the local wisdom of the community from ancient times to the present.</p> <p>Keywords: Jamu, Local Wisdom, Majapahit King</p> Deby Lia Isnawati Sumarno Sumarno ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/avatara/ 2021-07-23 2021-07-23 11 2