IDENTITAET https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet <p>Jurnal Online "Identitaet" diterbitkan oleh Program Studi S-1 Sastra Jerman Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni Universitas Negeri Surabaya sebagai media untuk menampung karya ilmiah dalam bidang bahasa dan sastra Jerman yang dihasilkan oleh sivitas akademika. Jurnal Online "Identitaet" juga dimaksudkan sebagai sarana pertukaran informasi dan sumber rujukan yang bisa dimanfaatkan untuk pengembangan ilmu pengetahuan oleh seluruh bagian sivitas akademika dan juga masyarakat umum. Jurnal Online "Identitaet" terbit tiga kali dalam setahun.</p><p>*Untuk keperluan pengetikan nama jurnal ini bisa ditulis "Identitaet".</p> UNIVERSITAS NEGERI SURABAYA en-US IDENTITAET 2302-2841 PERBANDINGAN UNSUR INTRINSIK PADA DONGENG DER FROSCHKÖNIG KARYA BRÜDER GRIMM DAN FILM DER FROSCHKÖNIG KARYA FRANZISKA BUCH https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/40058 <p>This research analyzes the comparison of the intrinsic elements contained in the tale der Froschkönig written by Brüder Grimm and the film der Froschkönig directed by Franziska Buch. In contemplations to observe the similarities and differences in the objects as well as looking for the connection and relation between two literary opus have a commoncontext and alignment, it is classified as a study of literary comparison methode. In order to find similarities and differences of the intrinsic substance between fairy tales and films, which are equivalent needed, due to know what are the similarities and differences in the intrinsic substance including characterizations, story lines, settings, points of view, themes and messages.</p> <p>This research is qualitative research and used descriptive analysis. The data source used was a tale der Froschkönig written by Brüder Grimm which was taken from the narrative text, while the film der Froschkönig directed by Franzisca Buch was taken in the dialogue which spoken by characters. Data were collected using by library method. The results of this research are 33 data found consisting of 14 data for the equations of intrinsic elements in fairy tales and films consisting of 7 data for characterization, 3 data for background, 2 data for themes, and 2 data for mandate then on The difference in intrinsic elements was found in 19 data consisting of 12 data for characterization, 2 data for storyline, 2 data for point of view, and 3 data for setting.</p> Rizqi Fithria Dinarratri Rr.Dyah Woroharsi Parnaningroem ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-06-08 2021-06-08 10 2 1 16 PERILAKU PSIKOPAT JEAN-BAPTISTE GRENOUILLE DALAM DAS PARFUM KARYA PATRICK SÜSKIND https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/40059 <p><em>This research uses a qualitative descriptive method and uses a literary psychological approach to abnormal psychology about psychopathic behavior. This research aims to analyze the causes, forms of behavior and characteristics, and consequences of the psychopathic behavior of the character Jean-Baptiste Grenouille in the novel Das Parfum by Patrick Süskind. Psychopaths experienced by Jean-Baptiste Grenouille are some of the main factors, including social factors and early education factors by parents. Social factors and parenting practices affect the development of disorders (psychopathy) which are then expressed in behavior (Hare, 1999: 174). The forms of psychopathic behavior carried out by Grenouille are the twelve characteristics of an individual experiencing psychological disorders in the form of a psychopath proposed by Hare (in Hare, 1999: 31), namely: (1) Glib and superficial; (2) Egocentric and grandiose; (3) Lack of remorse or guilt; (4) Lack of empathy; (5) Deceitful and manipulative; (6) Shallow emotions; (7) Impulsive; (8) Poor behavior control; (9) Need for personal happiness (10) Lack of responsibility; (11) Early behaviour problems; (12) Adult antisocial behavior. The result of Grenouille's psychopathic behavior is that Grenouille creates a terror of fear throughout the city of Grasse because of the death of twenty-four virgin girls by Grenouille. Based on the accumulated evidence used to diagnose Grenouille's personality, it was found that Jean-Baptiste Grenouille suffered from a psychological disorder which in abnormal psychology is classified as a psychopathic disorder</em>.</p> Septian Akbar Gumilang Lutfi Saksono ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-06-08 2021-06-08 10 2 17 27 PELANGGARAN PRINSIP KERJA SAMA DALAM DONGENG DIE BREMER STADTMUSIKANTEN, FUNDEVOGEL DAN TISCHCHEN DECK DICH, GOLDESEL, UND KNÜPPEL AUS DEM SACK KARYA BRÜDER GRIMM https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/40620 <p>As social beings, humans communicate with each other. In communication, it takes at least two people in it, namely the speaker and the speech partner using a language that understands each other. When communicating and the interlocutor without realizing it, they will work together to achieve the goal of a common conversation. This conversational cooperation is manifested in four conversational maxims, namely the maxim of quantity, maxim of quality, maxim of relevance, and maxim of manner. In communicating, partners often convey information that is not based on facts, exaggerates speech, is irrelevant in providing information and conveys information that is vague or ambiguous. This is a violation of the cooperative principle. In the fairy tales the researchers found various kinds of violations of the cooperative principle. Fairy tales can be one of the media in language learning. This can help make it easier to communicate and there are no violations of the principles of cooperation that can lead to awkward and surprising communication. This study aims to describe the violation of the cooperative principle in the fairy tales <em>Die Bremer Stadtmusikanten, Fundevogel and Tischchen deck dich, Goldesel und Knüppel aus dem Sack</em> by Brüder Grimm. The theory applied in this study is the Grice cooperation principle theory in 1989. The results showed that there were 11 data in the fairy tale which resulted in 14 violations of the cooperative principle, namely 3 utterances in the <em>Die Bremer Stadtmusikanten </em>tale, namely 3 violations of the maxim of quantity and 1 violation of the maxim of relevance, The 2 utterances in the <em>Fundevogel</em> tale are 2 violations of the maxim of manner and 6 utterances in the tale of <em>Tischchen deck dich, Goldesel und Knüppel aus dem Sack</em>, namely 5 violations of the maxim of quantity, 1 violation of the maxim of quality and 2 violations of the maxim of relevance. In the tales of<em> Die Bremer Stadtmusikanten</em> and <em>Tischchen deck dich, Goldesel und Knüppel aus dem Sack</em>, there are similarities between the violation of maxim of quantity and maxim of relevance.</p> Sheila Tasya Ajeng Febrizya Rr.Dyah Woroharsi Parnaningroem ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 10 2 50 62 ANALISIS FUNGSI NARASI VLADIMIR PROPP DALAM KUMPULAN DONGENG KARYA BRÜDER GRIMM https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/40905 <p>This research examines the narrative functions in the fairy tales of Frau Holle, Rotkӓppchen and <br>Brüderchen und Schwesterchen by Brüder Grimm. German fairy tales can be analyzed with Vladimir <br>Propp's theory of narrative structure, which is not limited to Russian fairy tales. The problem that arises in <br>this research is what functions appear in Brüder Grimm's collection of fairy tales? The purpose of this <br>study is to analyze the narrative function in Frau Holle, Rotkӓppchen dan Brüderchen und Schwesterchen<br>by Brüder Grimm. In this research, the expected benefit is to add a reference related to Vladimir Propp's <br>narrative structure theory, particularly in analyzing the function of narrative in fairy tales. The method used <br>in this research is descriptive qualitative. The results of narrative functions in Frau Holle, Rotkӓppchen dan <br>Brüderchen und Schwesterchen obtained in this research are absentation, interdiction, violation, <br>reconnaissance, delivery, complicity, villainy, departure, the first function of the donor, victory, return, <br>transfiguration, punishment, and wedding.</p> Riska Stefani Wisma Kurniawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 10 2 94 104 ANALISIS PERWATAKAN DAN NILAI MORAL TOKOH UTAMA DALAM KUMPULAN DONGENG LUDWIG BECHSTEIN https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/41012 <p>This paper aims to describe the characterization of the main character in the tale der Richter und der<br>Teufel, Aschenpüster mit der Wünschelgerte, die Hexe und die Königskinder by Ludwig Bechstein and the <br>moral values of the main character in the tale der Richter und der Teufel, Aschenpüster mit der <br>Wünschelgerte, die Hexe und die Königskinder by Ludwig Bechstein. This paper uses character <br>characterization theory according to Marquaẞ and three kinds of moral values according to Nurgiyantoro.<br>This type of research is qualitative research with data sources in the form of a collection of Ludwig <br>Bechstein tales. The data analysis technique used in this research is descriptive qualitative. The results of <br>the research are as follows 1) The der Richter character has evil, unfair, disrespectful, arrogant, cunning, <br>selfish characters. Three forms of bad moral values are arrogant, do not have compassion, are punished for <br>their bad actions. 2) The Aschenpüster character has a spoiled, persistent or never giving up, diligent, <br>patient, obedient, character. Three forms of good moral values, namely persistence, sincerity, patience, and <br>reward. 3) The die Hexe characters are evil, greedy, angry, cruel. Three forms of bad moral values are evil, <br>arbitrary, greedy, are punished for their bad deeds.</p> Dian Budi Septiana Wisma Kurniawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-03 2021-07-03 10 2 105 117 MAKNA DENOTATIF DAN KONOTATIF PADA IKLAN BMW BERBAHASA JERMAN https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/41277 <p>The purpose of this research is to describe the denotative and connotative meanings in BMW <br>advertisements. The data in this study are words, phrases, and sentences contained in BMW <br>advertisements. The research method used is qualitative, with documentation study techniques. The <br>theory used is Penzl &amp; Bussman, Shchipitsina, and Keraf. The results showed that 5 advertisements <br>contained denotative and connotative meanings. The denotative meaning can be found in the dictionary <br>because it is the primary meaning, while the connotative meaning cannot be found in every word and <br>must be understood in context related to advertising. The denotative meaning found in every word in <br>the BMW advertisement can be found by looking up its primary meaning in the dictionary, while words <br>that are included in the connotative meaning must be adapted to the advertising context, such as <br>advertising visualizations, models, or other explanatory sentences. can be found in the ad in question.</p> Wildan Abdus Salam Agus Ridwan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-07 2021-07-07 10 2 247 258 PROBLEM KEJIWAAN TOKOH UTAMA DALAM DONGENG DER BLONDE ECKBERT KARYA LUDWIG TIECK https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/42164 <p>Der blonde Eckbert is a fairy tale written by Ludwig Tieck in 1719 and one of the popular German <br>romantic tales in 1720. Der blonde Eckbert presents mysteries and also moral messages related to <br>psychological problems experienced by the main character who often hallucinates and leads to psychiatric<br>complex. This fairy tale is a literary work that has psychological meanings and psychological problems <br>that can be analyzed through psychoanalytic theory. Sigmund Freud (1923) explained that personality is a <br>system consisting of 3 elements, namely the Id, the Ego, and the Superego (in German it is expressed as <br>das Es, das Ich, and das Ueber Ich), each of which has principle of operation. The purpose of this study is <br>to analyze the personality structures in determining the psychiatric disorders experienced by the main <br>character. This research is a qualitative research using descriptive method. The theory applied in this study <br>is the psychoanalytic theory of Sigmund Freud in 1923. The results showed that there were 6 data showing <br>the personality structure of the Id, Ego, and Superego, as well as 3 data showing anxiety disorders and <br>schizophrenia which were analyzed through psychopathology studies of abnormal behavior.</p> Yudhistira Dito Syaifful Haq Rr. Dyah Woroharsi Parnaningroem ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-23 2021-07-23 10 2 294 305 FUNGSI TINDAK TUTUR ILOKUSI ASERTIF DALAM NASKAH DRAMA DANTONS TOD KARYA GEORG BÜCHNER https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/40384 <p>In terms of communicating human beings can not be separated from speech and actions to be understood by <br>others. Speech and speech are closely related to one of the branches of linguistics, namely pragmatic. <br>Pragmatic is a science that learns about the relationship between the forms of language and its use. One of the <br>objects of study in pragmatic science is the act of speech. As the name of the object of the study, the act of <br>speech examines the actions and speeches performed by humans. Speech action consists of 3 types, namely <br>lokusi, ilokusi, and perlokusi. Of the three types, ilokusi is the most important type because behind the speech <br>there is a message that wants to be conveyed indirectly by the speaker. The act of speech is classified into 5 <br>types, namely asertif, directive, commissionive, expressive, and declarative. Asertive speech is an act believed <br>by the speaker. The object studied in this study was the play "Dantons Tod" written by Georg Büchner in <br>1835. The drama tells the story of the French revolution against king Louis XVI. This type of research is <br>qualitative with descriptive methods. The data taken from the data source in this study is in the form of <br>speech or dialogue that is asertive. The founded data in this source is 12 that has collected with reading <br>techniques and record techniques. The collected data is analyzed with three valves, namely data reduction, <br>data presentation, and conclusion drawing. Based on the analysis of dantons tod plays, six functions were <br>found, namely vermuten (suspect), sagen (stated), schwören (swearing), sich beschweren (complaining), <br>entgegnen (refuting), and beantworten (answering). Each function of asertive speech has 2 datas, so totally the <br>function of asertive speech is 12 datas.</p> Hayyu Khafidlo Fitria Lutfi Saksono ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-06-17 2021-06-17 10 2 28 38 KAJIAN METONIMIA PADA TEKS IKLAN FANTA https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/40695 <p>This article focuses on the study of tropical stylistics, especially metonymy, in advertising text for Fanta<br>products. This writing is done because of the use of advertisements as a promotional or campaign medium<br>that is often seen or heard on a daily basis. It is no longer a strange thing when you hear the word<br>advertisement. Advertisements are often found in electronic media, print media, and outdoor media. The use<br>of words in ad text tends to use sentences that are short, metaphorical, contain many meanings, use analogy, and are persuasive in nature, thus creating different perceptions for each reader. In this regard, this article<br>aims to describe the various types of metonymysticks found in Fanta's ad texts. The theory used in this study<br>is the Shchipitsina theory related to metonymy. This research is one type of qualitative descriptive research. The data used in this research are the texts in the Fanta advertisement using documentary techniques. As for<br>the data obtained from the documentary technique using the metonymy theory of Shchipitsina, the results of<br>this study indicate that in the five data on the advertising text of Fanta's products, there are two metonymy<br>classifications, namely sinekdoke (pars pro toto "partially for the whole" and totum pro parte "whole for part. ") And bahuvrihi (a sub class of metonemia related to the use of certain characteristics as a substitute for a<br>person)</p> Getar Ardyantiza Sutanto Agus Ridwan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-06-26 2021-06-26 10 2 74 83 ANALISIS FUNGSI NARASI VLADIMIR PROPP DALAM KUMPULAN DONGENG KARYA BRÜDER GRIMM https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/40904 <p>This research examines the narrative functions in the fairy tales of Frau Holle, Rotkӓppchen and <br>Brüderchen und Schwesterchen by Brüder Grimm. German fairy tales can be analyzed with Vladimir <br>Propp's theory of narrative structure, which is not limited to Russian fairy tales. The problem that arises in <br>this research is what functions appear in Brüder Grimm's collection of fairy tales? The purpose of this <br>study is to analyze the narrative function in Frau Holle, Rotkӓppchen dan Brüderchen und Schwesterchen<br>by Brüder Grimm. In this research, the expected benefit is to add a reference related to Vladimir Propp's <br>narrative structure theory, particularly in analyzing the function of narrative in fairy tales. The method used <br>in this research is descriptive qualitative. The results of narrative functions in Frau Holle, Rotkӓppchen dan <br>Brüderchen und Schwesterchen obtained in this research are absentation, interdiction, violation, <br>reconnaissance, delivery, complicity, villainy, departure, the first function of the donor, victory, return, <br>transfiguration, punishment, and wedding.</p> Riska Stefani Wisma Kurniawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 10 2 94 104 DEIKSIS DALAM CERITA PENDEK KARYA WOLFGANG BORCHERT https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/41486 <p>Language provides ease in interacting and communicating verbally and in writing. Deixis is <br>indispensable in the use of language because it identifies a meaning contained in the language and is <br>only known when it is already in the context of a language event or situation. The purpose of this study <br>was to describe the persona, spatial and temporal deixis in 3 short stories by Wolfgang Borchert. The <br>research method used is qualitative with Yule's deixis theory. The results show that in the 3 short <br>stories by Wolfgang Borchert, there were 3 types of personal deixis, namely the first, second, and third <br>persons. Meanwhile, the results of the study on spatial deixis showed that there were 2 types of deixis <br>found, namely hier and da. Then, in the study of temporal deixis, 2 types of deixis were found, namely <br>jetzt and nächsten Abend. All types of deixis have different meanings, depending on the speaker's point <br>of view and the context in which they occur.</p> Putri Julia Alexandra Surya Yunanfathur Rahman ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-09 2021-07-09 10 2 284 293 IRONI DAN SARKASME DALAM ALBUM LaFee KARYA LaFee https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/40610 <p>The research examined Irony and Sarcasm Contained in <em>LaFee </em>Album by LaFee with purpose to describes the stylistic form in the lyrics of the <em>"Virus", "Prinzesschen",</em> and <em>"Verboten" </em>songs and describes the stylistic form of sarcasm in the lyrics of the <em>"Virus", "Prinzesschen"</em>, and <em>"Verboten" </em>songs. This research using descriptive qualitative. The researcher used qualitative methods to analyze the highlighted phrases in the sentence with dictionary assistance, deep recognized the meaning of the three songs to discover the implied meanings to be conveyed in the song using connotative and denotative meaning theory by Keraf. After knowing the meaning of each phrase, the next step is to clarify the indicator words for the stylistically of irony and sarcasm using some theory from Nurgiyantoro. The data was collected using the listening method based on the tapping technique followed by the SBLC technique (<em>Simak, Bebas, Libat</em>, and <em>Cakap</em>). Subsequently, the data has been collected with noted technique its means noted the part of lyrics that will be an object of the research. The first stage of the analysis is to classify the data based on the type of irony or sarcasm, then translating the German lyrics into Indonesian to make it easier to understand the meaning of the song lyrics. Furthermore examine the data that has been grouped by type. The final step is to conclude the research, with the results of the analysis are using sixteen data of language style, namely; three phrases use irony and thirteen sarcasm in the three songs.<br> </p> Rosalia Puspita Sari Wisma Kurniawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-06-23 2021-06-23 10 2 39 49 KATA PINJAMAN DAN KATA ASING DALAM IKLAN NIVEA https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/40903 <p>This study aims to analyze loanwords and foreign words in Nivea ad text. Various kinds of loan words and foreign <br>words are the background of this research. Loan words and foreign words can attract consumers' interest because they <br>are considered more slang, interesting and tend to be more modern than using words in their original language. This <br>study focuses on the use of loanwords and foreign words. Related to this focus, this study analyzes the use of loanwords <br>and foreign words and also classifies forms of loanwords related to translation in NIVEA ad texts. There are 3 types of <br>loanwords related to the results of the translation, namely, the selection of words as borrowed words in the form of <br>translation results, the selection of words related to the translation results that are close to the words from the foreign <br>language itself, and the selection of words related to the translation results in the form of the creation of new words that <br>are related to the translation results. the meaning is the same or similar to the meaning of the word from the foreign <br>language itself. The data obtained in the form of 5 NIVEA ad texts that were downloaded through the official NIVEA <br>website and the German language website. The theory used is Ludwig's theory regarding the difference between <br>loanwords Lehnwörter and foreign words Fremdwörter and Sushsko regarding foreign words Fremdwörter and <br>loanwords Lehnwörter which is the adoption of foreign words. The results showed that from 5 NIVEA ad texts, 5 <br>foreign words were found, 1 phrase from a foreign language, 1 loan word, and 1 loan phrase. Furthermore, the research <br>also found similarities in sentence patterns in French, Greek and Latin with German, namely Subject + Verb + <br>Complement.</p> Syafira Noer Setyani Agus Ridwan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 10 2 84 93 REDUKSI PADA TEKS IKLAN KNORR https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/41108 <p>In the current era, advertising is considered very important for the successful sales of a company's product. <br>So that companies are required to package an advertisement in an attractive manner to attract consumer <br>interest. One of them is by using short sentences but still conveying the content or purpose of the ad. This <br>is considered very suitable if you use a reduction construction, because this construction can shorten the <br>text in the ad so that efficiency in the ad text is formed. This phenomenon is proven to be found in Knorr's <br>advertisements, most of Knoor's found a reduction in their advertisements. Knorr's use of various reducers <br>was also the background for this study. This reduction variation needs to be analyzed more deeply so that <br>readers can understand the intent of the advertisement and not cause misunderstanding. This research will <br>focus on reduction. Related to this focus, this study will describe the reduction construction in terms of the <br>reduced sentence elements. In addition, this study will also describe the types of storage of sentence <br>elements that experience reduction in the sentence. The data obtained and analyzed are in the form of 8 <br>sentences in the Knorr advertisement downloaded through the official Knorr Deutschland Instagram <br>account. This research was analyzed using Benhard Sowinski's (1999) theory about reduction, Peter <br>Gallmann (2009) about Weglassprobe and types of sentence element storage, Christa Dürscheid (2012)<br>about Eliminierungstest. Based on the use of this theory, it was found that the research results indicated <br>that there was a reduction in the part of the sentence elements in the form of nouns, prepositions, <br>adjectives, articles and verbs. Then also found reduction in the form of a noun but entered into the type of <br>storage in the form of a compound word. Reduced sentence elements have different functions depending <br>on the location or position of eliminating the sentence elements in the sentence and the reduction of the <br>sentence elements also functions as an accusative object that is reduced in the part of the noun, the object&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; of the preposition which is reduced in the preposition and adjective parts attributive experiencing reduction<br>in adjectives or adjectives.</p> Dea Fildzah Araminta Agus Ridwan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-05 2021-07-05 10 2 177 188 KALIMAT TANYA PADA TEKS IKLAN DEUTSCHE BAHN https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/40686 <p>This study aims to describe the interrogative sentence in the Deutsche Bahn ad text. The use of various <br>interrogative sentences by Deutsche Bahn is the background for this research. These variations in the <br>interrogative sentence need to be analyzed more deeply so that readers can understand the intention of the <br>advertisement and do not cause misperceptions. This research will focus on the form of the interrogative <br>sentence. Related to this focus, this study will describe the construction of interrogative sentences based on <br>the syntactic features associated with the type of verb positions. In addition, this study will also describe <br>the function of each type of interrogative sentence itself. The data for the present study are derived from <br>Deutsche Bahn official website and Instagram accounts, which include 2 interrogative sentences WVerbzweitsätzefrage, 3 Verberstsätzefrage, and 2 Echofragesätze. The research was analyzed using Peter <br>Gallman's theory about interrogative sentences and verb position types, Heibig / Buscha about interrogative <br>sentences and types of sentences as well as sowinski about german stylistics. Based on the above theories, <br>it is found that the research result shows that the type of verb position one and position two can form the <br>interrogative sentence construction. In the position type the verb one or Verberstsätze can form an <br>interrogative sentence called the Verberstsätzefrage. Furthermore, the second position verb type or <br>Verbzweitsätze can form two interrogative sentence, namely the interrogative sentence WVerbzweitsätzefrage and Echofragesätze. What distinguishes these two constructions is that the WVerbzweitsätzefrage construction has the interrogative W- which is located at the beginning of the sentence while in Echofragesätze it is in the middle of the sentence or in Mittelfeld. Furthermore, the interrogative <br>sentence also has a question function which expects an answer to be present. Basically all questions require <br>the presence of an answer but there are also types of questions that do not expect an answer, namely the <br>rhetorical question type or Ich-Frage. In addition, related to the function, the question sentence is also often <br>associated with the exploratory function where the information expected is also in line with the expected <br>action as well. However, the interrogative sentence can also have other functions such as the affirmative <br>function, which is to reassure a speech that arises due to confusion from the speech partner.</p> Aliefiah Mardliyah Agus Ridwan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-06-26 2021-06-26 10 2 63 73 RESISTENSI PEREMPUAN DALAM FILM NUR EINE FRAU KARYA SHERRY HORMANN: KAJIAN FEMINISME KEKUASAAN NAOMI WOLF https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/41013 <p>The object of this study is the resistance of the main female character against the patriarchal culture that has been <br>entrenched in his family in the film Nur Eine Frau. This research is a descriptive qualitative study based on the power<br>feminism theory of Naomi Wolf, which written in her book Fire with Fire in 1993, as the main basis in analyzing the <br>efforts of the main character in fighting against all forms of repression that come from her family. This film shows the <br>reality of the life of a German woman from a family of Turkish descent who still holds close to cultural values which <br>ultimately results to a repressive attitude towards the main female character. The film Nur Eine Frau directed by Sherry <br>Hormann was chosen as the object of study because it is relevant to the theme of which will be discussed, namely the <br>female resistance. Sherry Hormann is also a female director who often raise the issue of feminism in any movies she <br>directed. There are seven data in the form of dialogues or words that can be analyzed, so that it can be concluded that the <br>forms of resistance carried out by the main character based on the perspective of Naomi Wolf's power feminism are: (1) <br>the courage of the main character in determining her own way of life; (2) being firm in what she has chosen; (3) being <br>bold in order to speak out her opinion and also (4) independence resistance is reflected in her attitude.</p> Berliana Fiardi Annatasya Lutfi Saksono ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-03 2021-07-03 10 2 118 128 EKRANISASI DONGENG TISCHLEIN DECK DICH, GOLDESEL UND KNÜPPEL AUS DEM SACK KARYA BRÜDER GRIMM DAN FILM TISCHLEIN DECK DICH KARYA ULRICH KÖNIG https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/41133 <p>Ekranization is a process of moving, the voyage of a literary work into a film. Fairy tales are one <br>of the literary works that can be used as objects in the process of ekranization. The process of <br>moving from fairy tales to films requires a series of processes and requires a lot of consideration, <br>especially on the intrinsic elements of literary works such as characterization, setting, and plot. In <br>reality, there are many differences in characterization, setting and plot in the film with the fairy <br>tale used. Therefore, this study examines the process of ecranization from fairy tales to films. This <br>research is a qualitative research with descriptive analysis, the source of which is the sentence in <br>the fairy tale Tischlein Deck Dich, Goldesel und Knüppel aus dem Sack by Brüder Grimm and <br>written sentences and sentences in screenshots in the film Tischlein Deck Dich by Ulrich König. <br>This fairy tale is a fairy tale that is well known by the German people and is interesting to research. <br>This study focuses on identifying the characterizations, settings and plots contained in the fairy <br>tales and films by using the Nurgiyantoro (1994) theory of characterization, setting and plot. <br>Meanwhile, Eneste's (1991) ecranization theory was used to identify the ecranization process. The&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; results showed that there were 16 data related to characterizations, settings and plots in both films <br>and fairy tales. There are 7 characterizations data, 5 settings data and 4 plots data. The data from <br>the fairy tales and the film resulted in 11 ecranization data, with details of 1 reduction, 2 additions <br>and 2 character variations. 1 reduction, 2 additions and 1 settings variation. And also 2 plot<br>variations.</p> Nur Aysah Rr. Dyah Woroharsi Parnaningroem ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-05 2021-07-05 10 2 210 221 ANALISIS PENERJEMAHAN METAFORA PUISI-PUISI FRIEDRICH WILHELM NIETZSCHE DALAM BUKU “SYAHWAT KEABADIAN” https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/41015 <p>One of the most literary works that has been translated into various languages is poetry. As a form of <br>figurative expression, metaphor in poetry directly expresses a comparison between two things in a short <br>form. This study discusses the procedure for translation metphors of the source text into the target text in <br>the book Syahwat Keabadian. This study uses a qualitative method. The purpose of this study is to describe<br>the procedures applied in translating the metaphor of Nietzsche's poetry into Indonesian. The theory used <br>in this analysis is the theory of metaphor translation procedures by Newmark. The data collection method <br>uses the technique of note. The results show that of the 15 data analyzed, there are 3 procedures used in <br>translating metaphors, such as translating the metaphor of the source language into the same metaphor in <br>the target language by producing the same image as 11 data, a total of 3 data metaphor translated into <br>another metaphors that have same meaning by producing a different image, and using the same metaphor <br>combined with a literal description or additional description as much as 1 data.</p> Melinda Dwi Saputri Wisma Kurniawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-03 2021-07-03 10 2 129 140 Pelanggaran Maksim Percakapan pada Prinsip Kerjasama Grice dalam Film Ballon Tahun 2018 Karya Michael Herbig https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/41029 <p>Language is a means of communication. As social beings, humans cannot be separated from a language that <br>functions as a means of communication in social life. By using language, humans can express feelings, <br>convey desires, and argue opinions. The communication process requires cooperation between speakers and <br>listeners. There is a set of assumptions that surround and control conversational activity as a language act. <br>This principle is not always adhered to. Many violations of the principle of cooperation in a communication <br>or conversation activity are found. This study aimed to describe the maxim violations that occur in the 2018 <br>Ballon film using Grice’s Cooperative Principle theory. This study used the listening and taking note <br>methods. The result of this study showed that there were 4 maxim violations of quantity, 4 maxim violations<br>of quality, 4 maxim violations of relevance, and 3 maxim violations of manners.</p> Alfa Nuriyah Citra Dewi Yunanfathur Rahman ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-03 2021-07-03 10 2 141 152 KALIMAT DEKLARATIF DALAM IKLAN MCDONALD https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/41037 <p>The purpose of this research is to describe declarative sentence forms in McDonald's advertisements with a <br>focus on the study of the concept of declarative sentences and neutral and emotional declarative sentence <br>constructions according to the study of syntactic stylistics. The research method used is a qualitative <br>method with the theory of Sowinski, Schmid, Welke, and Duden. The object studied was 6 sentences in <br>McDonald's advertisements with declarative sentence types found on the official McDonald's Instagram <br>account in Germany. The results showed that in the front line (Vorfeld) in the declarative sentence with <br>neutral construction, it was filled with constituents that had a function as the subject, while in the front line <br>(Vorfeld) in the declarative sentence which had emotional construction tended to be filled by constituents <br>other than the subject, namely the object and adverb.</p> Prahoro Yudo Purwono Agus Ridwan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-03 2021-07-03 10 2 153 163 KALIMAT SERUAN DALAM IKLAN ASTRA BIER https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/41114 <p>This study aims to describe the exclamatory sentence in the Astra Bier ad text. The background of this study <br>is the various exclamatory sentences by Astra Bier. These variatons in the exclamatory sentence need to be <br>analyzed more deeply so that readers can understand the intention of the advertisement and do not cause <br>misperceptions. This research will focus on the form of the exclamatory sentence. Related to this focus, this <br>study will describe the construction of exclamative sentence that based on the syntatic feature which is <br>exclamation mark and associated with the use of emotional signs which are modal particle and interjection <br>as well as wie + adjective or was für ein. For the present study the data are derived from the official website <br>of Astra Bier, Pinterest and eBay that have Astra Bier ad text, which include 2 exclamatory sentences <br>Nichtausrufesatz and 5 exclamatory sentences Ausrufesatz. The exclamatory sentence Ausrufesatz has <br>emotional signs and exclamation mark but the exclamatory sentence Nichtausrufesatz has only exclamation <br>mark. research was analyzed using Tymtschenko’s theory (2015) that supported by Poźlewicz (2013) about <br>the constructions and the types of exclamatory sentences, Weinrich (1993) about modal particle, Nübling <br>(2004) about interjection as well as Gallman (2009) about the forms of sentences. Based on the above <br>theories, it is found that the research result shows that the exclamatory sentences can be formed the same as <br>declarative, interrogative and imperative sentences based on the verbs position as well as the structure of <br>wie + adjective or was für ein.</p> Fikri Tirta Kusuma Atmaja Agus Ridwan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-05 2021-07-05 10 2 189 199 KOMMUNIKATIVE MINIMALEINHEITEN DALAM KALIMAT ELIPSIS PADA IKLAN PERUSAHAAN LIEFERANDO.DE DI JERMA https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/41040 <p>For a company that produces goods or only provides services to the public, advertising is an important key<br>as a promotional and marketing so that potential consumers are interested in buying products or using the<br>company's services. In addition to a good poster as a visual key, the advertising sentence that becomes the<br>headline in an advertising poster also has a significant role in attracting consumers' attention to the goods<br>or services offered. As a company that offers food delivery services, Lieferando.de has several advertising<br>sentences with unique sentence construction. Of course, the unique advertising sentence aims to attract the<br>attention of potential Lieferando.de service users. More specifically, the Lieferando.de ad sentence chosen<br>by the author is a sentence with a construction in which several elements of the sentence are applied. Furthermore, the ad sentence will be examined by the author so that we know what is meant and the<br>purpose of the ad sentence. This research is related to Kommunikative Minimaleinheiten in ellipsis<br>sentences in the advertisement of the company Lieferando.de in Germany (study of syntactic stylistics). This research is a qualitative research related to the selected data. Researchers used Halliday's theory (1976)<br>and Searle's theory (1969) to analyze the data. Researchers obtained data for five (5) advertising posters<br>from online food advertising pages. The data obtained in the form of advertising posters containing ellipsis<br>sentences. Researchers used a qualitative descriptive method in this study. The results of the data analyzed<br>showed that four (4) advertisements of the Lieferando.de company used ellipsis and one (1) advertisement<br>that did not use punctuation because the verbs used could be intransitive verbs. In the four advertisements<br>that use ellipsis sentences, there are two (2) advertisements that fall into the category of lexical ellipsis<br>because the main verbs are essen and auswählen. Furthermore, the researcher found&nbsp;that were included in the operator ellipsis category because the auxiliary verbs were dürfen and haben. In<br>five (5) the data are included in the illocutionary power of suggesting. The Lieferando.de advertisement<br>which was researched using ellipsis and illocutionary power suggested to convey the message in a simple<br>way and create a unique sentence construction.</p> Moh. Ni’amun Nafis Mahfudiansyah Agus Ridwan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-03 2021-07-03 10 2 164 176 ANALISIS PLOT DALAM FILM LOLA RENNT (1998) KARYA TOM TYKWER https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/42236 <p>The presence of the plot in the film give a great contribution in the form of success to shows contents of the film's story. Stanton (2007:22), said if the plot is a story that consists of a sequence of events, but in any event contained in a film linked together by cause and effect, one event is caused, produce other events from other events. That is what makes a film could be more interesting because of the presence of plot in the film. One of a movie with a good plot is Lola Rennt (1998) by Tom Tykwer, the film is about Lola’s three alternate to help Manni to get 100.000 Mark in 20 minutes. Lola Rennt won dozens of awards and features international, one of them the Title of Best Film (Bester Spielfilm) in 1999 by the Award of the Association of critics of German film. Thus, this study aims to describe the plot based on criteria of time Lola Rennt’s. The theory used in this research to describe the plot in the film is the theory's Tasrif in Nurgiyantoro (2013) to describes the plot. This research methods using qualitative descriptive type of research and using the approach of narrative structure. The research data source is a film with a title Lola Rennt (1998) by a work from a director named Tom Tykwer. The data from this research are sentence, the dialogue, and images of in the Lola Rennt’s. The results of this <br>research found staging plots is based on the criteria of the time, ie: 1) the stage of situation that containted in the film Lola Rennt by Tom Tykwer, 2) the stage of generating circumtances that contained in the film Lola Rennt by Tom Tykwer, 3) the stage of rising action that contained in the film Lola Rennt by Tom Tykwer, 4) the stage of climax that contained in the film Lola Rennt by Tom Tykwer, 5) the stage of denouement that containe in the film Lola Rennt by Tom Tykwer.</p> Iga Putri Andini Rr. Dyah Woroharsi Parnaningroem ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-26 2021-07-26 10 2 318 328 ANALISIS REDENSART PADA IKLAN COKLAT RITTER SPORT https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/41129 <p>Advertising has an important role to play in achieving the success of selling a company‟s product. Of<br>course, the company must make an attractive advertising innovation to increase sales. Therefore, the language used in advertisements must use sentences that have figurative meanings as well as the form of<br>wordplay that attracts consumers. This is appropriate when using idiomatic meaning expressions or Redensart. However, often ambiguous meanings are found in Redensart.. This ambiguous meaning is the background of this research. Idiomatic meaning phrases or Redensart need to be analyzed more deeply so that<br>readers do not experience misunderstandings in understanding the meaning of the advertisement. This<br>study aims to describe the form and meaning of Redensart in Ritter Sport chocolate Ads. The data obtained<br>were in the form of 5 Ritter Sport chocolate advertisements which were downloaded through the Ritter<br>Sport website. This study was analyzed using the theory of Hessky / Ettinger. The results showed that there<br>are 4 forms of metaphorische Redensart and 1 forms of remotivierbare Redensart found in Ritter Sport<br>chocolate advertisements. Referring to its form, Redensart‟s metaphorische is characterized by the use of<br>the concept of parts of the human body in the use of idioms. While the Redensart remotivierbare form is<br>characterized by the depiction of an action or action in accordance with the reality or an event of<br>knowledge outside the language. In terms of meaning, the idiomatic meaning of Ritter Sport‟s chocolate<br>advertisements can be found in the Redensart dictionary, however, in the meaning, it also needs additional<br>interpretation according to the context in the advertisements, because many idioms have been modified by<br>Ritter Sport for the sake of advertising its chocolate products.</p> Chiquitita Rarasati Putri Agus Ridwan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-05 2021-07-05 10 2 200 209 PERILAKU SADISME TOKOH UTAMA DALAM KUMPULAN DONGENG DER STRUWWELPETER KARYA HEINRICH HOFFMANN https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/42239 <p>This research examines the main characters’ sadism in the collection of fairy tales Der Struwwelpeter by Heinrich Hoffmann. It aims to describe (1) the main characters’ sadism and (2) the causes of the main characters’ sadism in Heinrich Hoffmann's fairy tales. A qualitative approach was applied to conduct this research. The data sources were the fairy tales entitled Die gar traurige Geschichte mit dem Feuerzeug, Die Geschichte vom Daumenlutscher, and Die Geschichte vom bösen Friederich in the collection of fairy tales Der Struwwelpeter by Heinrich Hoffmann. This study applied the sadism theory by Erich Fromm (2000) to identify the main characters’ sadism and the aggression theory by Sears (1994) and Myers (2012) to analyze the main characters’ motives for doing the sadism. The results reveal six data which show kinds of sadism and seven data of the causes. Two data prove the main characters’ sadism in each fairy tale. Four data regarding the causes of sadism are found in Die gar traurige Geschichte mit dem Feuerzeug. Other two similar data are found in Die Geschichte vom Daumenlutscher and the other one in Die Geschichte vom bösen Friederich. In conclusion, sadism in the three of Heinrich Hoffmann’s fairy tales is described as non-sexual (physical) sadism, while the type of sexual and sadism is not found. Moreover, the motives of the main character in the Die gar traurige Geschichte mit dem Feuerzeug are caused by observation and imitation of other people’s&nbsp;activities. The main character’s biological factor is the motive in the Die Geschichte vom Daumenlutscher and Die Geshichte vome bösen Friederich. There are two similarities found in these three fairy tales: non-sexual (physical) sadism acted by the main characters and instrumental aggression as the type of aggression.&nbsp;</p> Rr. Stephany Sekar Maharani Nurtjahjo Rr. Dyah Woroharsi Parnaningroem ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-26 2021-07-26 10 2 329 340 MAKNA KONOTASI GITARRE DALAM CERITA PENDEK “DER GITARRENVERKÄUFER” KARYA LUKAS BÖHL https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/41244 <p>The word Gitarre in the short story entitled der Gitarrenverkäufer are 49 words and has a relationship with each other so that <br>it has the opportunity to examine its connotative meaning. In addition, based on the UNESA journal website, this work has <br>never been studied, said Gitarre. The connotative meaning is the "second" meaning that is still hidden (Septiana, Rina: 2019). <br>To analyze the connotative meaning, Roland Barthes' semiotic theory is needed. In its application, Roland Barthes' semiology <br>deepens meaning by looking for signs and connotations of language, literature, and society. In this study, the researcher <br>analyzed the connotative meaning of Gitarre in short stories. The formulation of the research problem is what is the <br>connotative meaning of Gitarre contained in the short story der Gitarrenverkäufer and what is the function of the connotative <br>meaning of Gitarre in this short story. This type of research is qualitative research. The data presented are sentences and words <br>that contain the word guitar. Then the 3 short stories were analyzed using the semiotic theory of Roland Barthes in 1968. The <br>results of this study are that the connotative meaning of Gitarre in this short story is divided into three, namely wealth, <br>valuables, and part of life. Then the function of the connotative meaning of the guitar is to beautify and refine the word.</p> Azmi Khalqi Zein Rr. Dyah Woroharsi Parnaningroem ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-06 2021-07-06 10 2 222 236 ANTONIMI DALAM IKLAN PALL MALL : KAJIAN STILISTIKA LEKSIKAL https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/41276 <p>This study aims to analyze the stylistics or language styles contained in Pall Mall advertisements. Pall Mall <br>is a multinational company based in many countries, so it requires media to deliver to consumers, namely <br>advertisements. In the Pall Mall advertisement, there is a language style that has a unique meaning <br>relationship construction. The purpose of the construction of the meaning relation is of course to attract the <br>attention of consumers. More specifically, the style of language listed in the Pall Mall advertisement is the <br>construction of meaning relations related to opposition or commonly referred to as antonymy. The use of <br>antonymy in Pall Mall advertisements is unique. Even in one of the Pall Mall advertisements there is a <br>slogan that the opposition attracts our attention. Because Pall Mall ad text is an ellipsis sentence <br>construction, parts of other sentence elements such as subject and predicate are not included. Because the <br>original data is an ellipsis sentence, before analyzing the form of antonymy or opposition, the Pall Mall ad <br>text is returned to a complete sentence, namely by paraphrasing. This is because sentence construction is <br>related to the context and situation of communication, without paying attention to the context and situation <br>of speech with elliptical construction has the possibility to be multiple interpretations. The theory used is <br>the antonymy language style theory by Krifka and Ridwan as well as other supporting theories. This <br>research was conducted using a qualitative descriptive approach. The object to be studied is in the form of <br>six Pall Mall ad texts that were found and downloaded via a web page. The results of the study showed that <br>the six data analyzed were antonymy texts in the form of five gradual opposition data which had different <br>levels, including positive, comparative and superlative levels. These levels of comparison have different&nbsp;functions.&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; At the positive or neutral stage, it shows two things have the same quality. The comparative stage <br>has a function to compare two objects or things, one of which has 'more' properties than the other. While <br>the superlative stage, the thing that is being spoken has the 'most' character among other things. In addition, <br>the last data is directional opposition or direktionale Opposition which is related to the temporal adverbs or <br>temporale Adverbien.</p> Beby Defani Agus Ridwan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-07 2021-07-07 10 2 237 246 NILAI MORAL DALAM DONGENG FRAU HOLLE, DIE STERNTALER, HANS IM GLÜCK KARYA BRÜDER GRIMM https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/41280 <p>This study focuses on moral values in the fairy tales Frau Holle, Die Sterntaler, Hans im Glück by Brüder <br>Grimm. The first objective of this study is to describe the moral values in Brüder Grimm's Frau Holle, Die <br>Strentaler, Hans im Glück fairy tales in terms of Kant's deontological moral theory. And for the second <br>purpose, looking for similarities in the moral values of the three fairy tales. The method used in this study is <br>a qualitative research method using descriptive analysis methods. The research data is in the form of word <br>and sentence data and contains Kant's deontological moral classification. The data source is the fairy tale <br>Die Sterntaler, Hans im Glück by Brüder Grimm which was downloaded from the internet. The theory used <br>is Kant's deontological moral theory. The method of data collection is done by recording words, phrases and <br>sentences that show the moral values in the fairy tales according to the deontological theory of Immanuel <br>Kant, after which they are classified according to the type of moral values. The results showed that there <br>are: 4 moral values in the Frau Holle fairy tale, 2 moral values in Die Sterntaler, and 3 moral values in the <br>Hans im Glück fairy tale. Data from Frau Holle's fairy tale found 2 values of autonomous moral and material <br>moral objects, as well as 2 values of formal moral objects. Then from the Die Sterntaler fairy tale found 2 <br>autonomous moral values and moral material objects. Meanwhile, in the Hans im Glück fairy tale, it is found <br>that there is 1 value data which includes autonomous morals and moral material objects and 2 data including <br>values of formal moral objects. The similarity of moral values in the fairy tales Frau Holle, Die Sterntaler, <br>Hans im Glück is helping those in need. The equation of moral values is found in the data 1,5,6,8.</p> Mohammad Fafa Rasiawan Rr. Dyah Woroharsi Parnaningroem ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-07 2021-07-07 10 2 259 271 NEOLOGISME DALAM IKLAN BMW https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/41407 <p>In an advertisement, an understanding of the text or sentences in the advertisement is needed with the aim that the message <br>to be conveyed by the author is understood by the reader. This advertising itself is in the form of the most persuasive sales<br>messages so that the advertising language itself must be easily observed and understood by those addressed to potential <br>buyers. Over time, the language in advertisements has been modified to suit the times, such as borrowing from foreign <br>languages or new words composed of several words. Neologism is a term of lexicology used in the mid-20th century <br>which in general, neologism is understood as a lexical unit or unit of meaning formed in the development of language in <br>speech communities and accepted by language users. The purpose of using neologisms in this advertisement is that new <br>words are lexical units of expressions used by people and neologisms get from other people to simplify and harmonize. <br>The purpose of this study is to describe the forms of neologism sentences in BMW advertisements by reviewing the study <br>of the concept of neologism sentences according to the study of lexical stylistics. The research method used is a qualitative<br>method with the theory of Drowdowski, Yule, Shchipitsina, Duden and Ridwan. The object under study is in the form of <br>6 sentences in BMW advertisements, which include neologisms found on the official BMW page account in Germany. <br>The results showed that the 6 data contained neologism sentences using 3 words combining techniques, 2 words borrowing <br>techniques in foreign languages, and using 1 word acronyms.</p> Kevin Naufal Syach Agus Ridwan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-09 2021-07-09 10 2 272 283 DEIKSIS TEMPORAL DALAM ROMAN KUSS MIT LUSTIG KARYA JANET EVANOVICH https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/identitaet/article/view/42170 <p>This article aims to describe the form and function of temporal deixis in roman. The use of deixis is very necessary for Romans because roman has a complex storyline, so with the use of deixis, roman is easier to interpret. With deixis, the reader can find out what the writer means through the context in the form of people, objects, places, times, language, and actions. This study is in the context of time, namely when the utterance is said and in what situation. The theory used in this research is the theory of Christian Lehmann. This research is a type of qualitative research with a descriptive method. The data source used is Roman Kuss mit Lustig by Janet Evanovich. Then the data from this study are sentences or utterances that contain Temporal Deixis. The data collection technique used in this research is the reading and note-taking technique. The analytical technique used is the PUP technique (Sort the determinants). With this method, the analysis is carried out starting from selecting the data, grouping the data, and then concluding the data. Based on the research that has been done, found 118 data in the form of Present, 332 in the form of Perfect, and 15 in the form of Präteritum.</p> Kurnia Dwi Rahmawati Yunanfathur Rahman ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-24 2021-07-24 10 2 306 317