INDEPENDENT : Journal of Economics https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent <p>Journal Title&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;:&nbsp;<a href="https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent"><strong>Independent: Journal of Economics&nbsp;</strong></a></p> <p>ISSN (Online)&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;:<strong>&nbsp;<a href="https://issn.lipi.go.id/terbit/detail/20210710281307903">2798-5008</a></strong>&nbsp;</p> <p>No. SK ISSN&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;: 0005.27985008/K.4/SK.ISSN/2021.07</p> <p>Editor in Chief&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; :<strong>&nbsp;LADI WAJUBA PERDINI FISABILILLAH, S.Pd., M.SE.</strong></p> <p>Publisher&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;:&nbsp;<strong>Jurusan Ilmu Ekonomi FEB Universitas Negeri Surabaya</strong></p> <p>Frequency&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;:&nbsp;<strong>April, August, December</strong></p> <p>Citation Analysis&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;:&nbsp;<strong>ONESearch|Google Scholar</strong><strong>&nbsp;|&nbsp;Garuda</strong></p> <p>The scope of&nbsp;<a href="https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent"><strong>Independent: Journal of Economics&nbsp;</strong></a>are strictly but not limited to:</p> <ul> <li class="show">Economics</li> <li class="show">Development Economics</li> <li class="show">Monetary Economics</li> <li class="show">Public Economics</li> <li class="show">Institutional Economics</li> </ul> <p>For the author interested in submitting the manuscript, kindly&nbsp;<a href="https://petier.org/index.php/PETIER/user/register">­</a><a href="https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/information/authors"><strong>register</strong></a>&nbsp;yourself.&nbsp;</p> <p>Already have a Username/Password for&nbsp;<a href="https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent"><strong>Independent : Journal of Economics</strong></a>? go to&nbsp;<a href="https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/login"><strong>login</strong>.</a></p> <p><strong>Independent : Journal of Economics</strong>&nbsp;issue by online on website&nbsp;<em><a href="https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent">https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent</a>.</em></p> en-US ladifisabilillah@unesa.ac.id (Ladi Wajuba Perdini F.,) independent@unesa.ac.id (Administrator Journal) Mon, 03 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.1.1.0 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 IMPLEMENTASI TEORI LOKASI LEAST COST THEORIES (STUDI KASUS PEMBANGUNAN CV. EDOMIX BETON READYMIX) https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/40936 <p>Least Cost, Triangle Location, Analisis Overlay</p> Gilang Aminuddin, Hendry Cahyono ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/40936 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 EFEKTIVITAS DAN KONTRIBUSI PAJAK DAERAH SEBAGAI SUMBER PENDAPATAN ASLI DAERAH KOTA SURABAYA https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/41046 <p>Efektivitas, Kontribusi, Pendapatan Asli Daerah, Pajak Daerah</p> Tita Ade Ramadhani, Prayudi Setiawan Prabowo ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/41046 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 PEREKONOMIAN PEDAGANG SEKITAR WISATA RELIGI TROLOYO PADA MASA PANDEMI COVID-19 https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/41470 <p>Abstrak&nbsp;</p> <p>Pandemi Covid-19 yang telah mewabah di Indonesia berhasil membawa dampak signifikan terhadap berbagai sektor yang ada, salah satunya pada sektor pariwisata. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perekonomian pedagang sekitar wisata religi Troloyo pada masa pandemi covid-19. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini ialah deskriptif kualitatif, teknik pengumpulan data melalui wawancara. Hasil dari penelitian ini ialah pedagang sekitar wisata religi Troloyo merasakan dampak yang signifikan dengan adanya pandemi covid-19 khususnya dalam segi ekonomi, pendapatan rata-rata mengalami penurunan mencapai 50-60 persen, beberapa pedagang mengalami kerugian sampai menutup usahanya untuk sementara waktu. Strategi para pedagang agar mampu tetap bertahan dalam kondisi ini ialah melakukan diferensiasi usaha mulai dari menjual perlengkapan alat tulis sekolah hingga bercocok tanam tanaman hidroponik dan membuka usaha ditempat lain dengan harapan mampu mencukupi kebutuhan hidup sehari-hari.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Kata Kunci : Pandemi, Pedagang, Perekonomian, Wisata Religi</p> Gladis Nabilah Widya Dana, Ach Yasin ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/41470 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 PENGARUH IPM, PENGANGGURAN DAN PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI TERHADAP KEMISKINAN PADA KABUPATEN/KOTA DI PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/41558 <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> <p><em>Kemiskinan merupakan permasalahan sosial yang selalu muncul dalam pembangunan ekonomi, “salah satu faktor yang menyebabkan ketertinggalan dan penghambat dalam pembangunan suatu negara adalah tingginya angka kemiskinan. Tujuan dilakukannya penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh indeks pembangunan manusia, pengangguran dan pertumbuhan ekonomi terhadap kemiskinan pada kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jawa Tengah tahun 2015-2019 baik secara parsial maupun simultan. Penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder yang diperoleh dari data&nbsp; Badan Pusat Statistika Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah dokumentasi dan studi kepustakaan. Untuk teknik analisis data menggunakan&nbsp; analis regresi linier berganda, dengan menggunakan data panel yaitu data time series tahun 2015-2019 dan data cross section kab/kota Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1) Indeks Pembangunan Manusia (IPM) secara parsial berpengaruh negatif terhadap kemiskinan, (2) Pengangguran secara parsial tidak berpengaruh terhadap kemiskinan, (3) Pertumbuhan ekonomi secara parsial berpengaruh negatif terhadap kemiskinan, (4) &nbsp;Indeks Pembangunan Manusia (IPM), Tingkat pengangguran, dan Pertumbuhan ekonomi secara simultan berpengaruh terhadap kemiskinan.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong><em>Kata Kunci</em></strong><em> : IPM, Pengangguran, Pertumbuhan Ekonom, Kemiskinan.</em></p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>Abstract</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> <p><em>Poverty is a social problem that always appears in economic development. "One of the factors that causes backwardness and an obstacle in the development of a country is the high poverty rate. The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of the human development index, unemployment and economic growth on poverty in districts / cities in Central Java Province in 2015-2019, either partially or simultaneously. This study uses secondary data obtained from the Central Java Province Statistics Agency data. Data collection techniques used are documentation and literature study. For data analysis techniques using multiple linear regression analysis, using panel data, namely time series data 2015-2019 and cross section data of districts / cities of Central Java province. </em><em>Based on the research results show that (1) Human Development Index </em><em>(</em><em>HDI</em><em>)</em><em> partially has a negative effect on poverty, (2) </em><em>Partial u</em><em>nemployment</em><em> has no </em><em>effect on poverty (3) </em><em>E</em><em>conomic growth</em><em> partially </em><em>has a negative effect on poverty</em><em>,&nbsp; (4) </em><em>Human Development Index (HDI), Unemployment Rate, and economic growth Simultaneously</em> <em>effect on poverty</em><em>.</em></p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: </em></strong><em>HDI, Unemployment, Economic Growth, Poverty</em><em>.</em></p> Ikhsanudin Sukron, Ach Yasin ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/41558 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 ANALISIS PENENTUAN LOKASI PEMBANGUNAN PABRIK PENGOLAHAN UDANG VANNAMEI DI KABUPATEN SUMENEP https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/41742 <p>Kabupaten Sumenep memiliki potensi budidaya tambak udang Vannamei yang sangat besar, potensi tersebut dapat dioptimalkan dengan meningkatkan nilai tambah dari udang Vannamei. Salah satu langkah untuk mengoptimalkan potensi besar tersebut adalah dengan mengolah hasil produksi dari tambak udang Vannamei, yang masih berupa bahan mentah menjadi produk olahan yang memiliki nilai ekonomi yang tinggi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan lokasi yang paling sesuai untuk digunakan sebagai lokasi pabrik pengolahan udang Vannamei di Kabupaten Sumenep. Jenis Penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian deskriptif kualitatif, dengan menggunakan metode analisis kontinuitas bahan baku, AHP (Analitycal Hierarchy Process) dan analisis Overlay. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa lokasi yang paling sesuai untuk digunakan sebagai lokasi pabrik pengolahan udang Vannamei di Kabupaten Sumenep terletak pada Kecamatan Dungkek, Batang-Batang dan Gapura, dengan didukung tingkat produksi bahan baku tinggi, memiliki infrastruktur yang baik, serta sesuai dengan arahan rencana tata ruang wilayah Kabupaten Sumenep.</p> <p>Kata Kunci: Penentuan Lokasi, Pabrik Pengolahan, Udang Vannamei</p> Robert Shobary, Ach. Yasin ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/41742 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 PENGARUH PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI, UPAH MINIMUM, TINGKAT PENGANGGURAN TERBUKA TERHADAP JUMLAH PENDUDUK MISKIN DI PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/41986 <p><strong>Kata kunci : </strong>jumlah penduduk miskin, pertumbuhan ekonomi, upah minimum, dan tingkat pengengguran terbuka</p> Tiwik Widyaningsih, Ach Yasin ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/41986 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 PENGARUH NILAI TUKAR, INFLASI, DAN PENDAPATAN NASIONAL TERHADAP EKSPOR NONMIGAS INDONESIA https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/42784 <p><em>This study aims to determine the effect of the exchange rate, GDP and inflation variables on the value of non-oil and gas exports in Indonesia during the 2010-2020 period. The method used in this study is multiple linear regression according to its function. It is used to see the effect between variables whose number is more than 2 variables. The data used is secondary data, the data obtained in the form of time series which is processed using statistical applications. From the regression results, it is found that the independent variable, namely the exchange rate, has a significant negative effect, inflation has no effect, while GDP has a positive and significant effect on the dependent variable, namely the value of non-oil and gas exports in Indonesia</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: </em></strong><em>GDP, Inflation, Exchange Rate, Export</em></p> Alvino Rezandy, ach Yasin ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/42784 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 PENGARUH PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DAN IPM TERHADAP TINGKAT KEMISKINAN DI KABUPATEN PASURUAN https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/43421 <p><em>The purpose of this article is to identify the effect of economic growth and HDI (Human Development Index) on poverty levels in Pasuruan Regency in the 2012-2020 period. Quantitative descriptive with lag distribution model technique is the type of research used. This data is from secondary data, namely the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) with a period of 9 years, namely 2012-2020. In this process using the time series data method assisted by the SPSS 25 software tool. The results of the regression test of the research resulted in, among others 1). Economic growth partially has no effect on the poverty level in the Pasuruan Regency. 2). The HDI has a negative effect on the poverty level, meaning that every increase in the HDI will increase the poverty level in the Pasuruan Regency. 3). Economic growth and HDI have a simultaneous effect on the level of poverty in the Pasuruan Regency. 4). The value of the coefficient of determination of 0.885 indicates the effect of economic growth and HDI simultaneously F of 88.5% on the poverty level in the Pasuruan Regency and 11.5% less due to the influence of not variables in the regression but outside the regression model.</em></p> Risa Wulandari, lucky Rachmawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/43421 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 PENGARUH IPM, PENGANGGURAN DAN KEMISKINAN TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DI KABUPATEN MALANG https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/43496 <p><strong><em>Abstract </em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> <p><em>This study aims to see the influence of the independent variable Human Development Index, Unemployment and Poverty on the dependent variable Economic Growth in the Malang Regency area. This study uses Time Series data for the period 2010 - 2020. The calculation of multiple linear regression shows that HDI has a significant negative effect on Economic Growth, Unemployment has no visible effect on Economic Growth and Poverty has no visible effect on Economic Growth. As for the independent variables HDI, Unemployment and Poverty, it can be seen that there is a simultaneous and relevant influence on Economic Growth in Malang Regency in 2010 - 2020.</em></p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: </em></strong><em>HDI</em><em>, Unemployment, Poverty, Economic Growth</em></p> Bimbi Resti Mataheurilla, Lucky Rachmawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/43496 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 PENGARUH BI7DRR DAN PDRB TERHADAP DANA PIHAK KETIGA BANK UMUM JAWA TIMUR https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/43600 <p><em>Upaya peningkatan&nbsp; profitabilitas sebuah bank salah satunya melalui pengembangan secara optimal pada Dana Pihak Ketiga. Suku bunga acuan atau BI7 Day Reverse Repo Rate(BI7DRR) dan Produk Domestik Bruto (PDRB) merupakan beberapa faktor yang mempengaruhi tingkat presentase DPK.&nbsp; Inti dari riset ini ialah sebagai petunjuk bahwa ada pengaruh antara BI-7 Day Reverse Repo Rate dan PDRB kepada Dana Pihak Ketiga(DPK) melalui fokus persoalan pada Bank Umum di Provinsi Jawa Timur dengan periode tahun 2011-2020.&nbsp; Penelitian ini memakai data sekunder dengan jenis data yang memrupakan data time series secara kuartalan dengan jangka waktu sepuluh tahun. Riset ini memilih untuk memakai metode kuantitatif dengan teknik analisis regresi linear berganda. Penelotian ini meemukan hasil uji data yakni variabel BI7DRR dan PDRB memiliki pengaruh terhadap variabel Dana Pihak Ketiga secara bersama. Untuk secara parsial hanya variabel BI7DRR yang memiliki pengaruh terhadap Dana Pihak ketiga. Sedangkan variabel PDRB tidak memiliki pengaruh.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Kata Kunci</em></strong><em> : </em><em>BI-7DRR, PDRB, Dana Pihak Ketiga (DPK), Bank Umum</em></p> Anila Qoni'ah, Tony Seno Aji ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/43600 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 ANALISIS PENGARUH KINERJA KEUANGAN PERBANKAN TERHADAP HARGA SAHAM PT. BANK RAKYAT INDONESIA, TBK https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/43601 <p><em>The purpose of this study is to find out partially and simultaneously whether the financial performance of banks with variables CAR, NPL, ROA, LDR affect the development of stock prices at PT. Bank Rakyat Indonesia, Tbk in 2008-2020. The data used is secondary data in the form of annual financial reports at PT. Bank Rakyat Indonesia, Tbk for 13 years, with a quarterly period starting from 2008-2020. The sample used is state-owned banking with high liquidity, namely PT. Bank Rakyat Indonesia, Tbk. The data analysis test used is Regression Analysis in the form of time series data with Eviews 10. The tests include the Classical Assumption Test in the form of Normality Test, Autocorrelation Test, Multicollinearity Test, Heteroscedasticity Test and Multiple Linear Regression Test in the form of simultaneous F-test and partial T-test. The results showed that the CAR, NPL, ROA and LDR variables together had an effect on stock prices of 87.47%. Partially, the CAR and ROA variables have a significant positive effect, while the LDR variable has a positive and insignificant effect, for the NPL variable it has a negative and significant effect on stock prices.</em></p> Ovi Amala, Ladi Wajuba Perdini Fisabilillah ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/43601 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 PENGARUH PERTUMBUHAN UMKM DAN TINGKAT PENGANGGURAN TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DI INDONESIA https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/43584 <p><em>The benchmark for achieving development in a country can be seen from its economic growth. The high economic growth reflects the high management of production factors in the country. MSMEs (Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises) are considered to be a determining sector in increasing economic growth because they can manage all the factors that determine economic growth. Besides that, MSMEs can reduce unemployment by absorbing workers up to 119 million in 2019. Seeing this, the researcher wants to know whether there is an influence among the growth of MSMEs and the unemployment rate on economic growth in Indonesia after the economic crisis and before the Covid-19 pandemic with quantitative research methods. and the type of data is secondary data from 2000-2019. Classical assumption test of multiple linear regression was used as data analysis techniques in this study. The results obtained indicate that the MSMEs (Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises) variable shows a negative effect on economic growth, while the unemployment variable shows a positive influence on economic growth</em></p> Lindah Tri Amanat Sari, Ladi Wajuba Perdini Fisabilillah ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/43584 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 PENGARUH PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI, UPAH MINIMUM, DAN PENGANGGURAN TERHADAP KEMISKINAN DI KABUPATEN LAMONGAN https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/43632 <p><em>This study aims to determine the effect of economic growth, minimum wage, and unemployment on poverty levels. The data used at the time of this research is secondary data obtained from the relevant agencies, namely BPS in Lamongan Regency with a quarterly period from 2010 to 2020. The data analysis method used for this research is multiple linear regression model with the help of software eviews 10. The results of the study show that the variables of economic growth, minimum wage, and unemployment have a significant positive effect on poverty. In partial terms, the variables of economic growth, and the minimum wage have a significant negative effect on poverty. But the unemployment variable has a negative and insignificant effect on poverty.</em></p> Siti Hanifah, Nurul Hanifa ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/43632 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 FENOMENA PERILAKU BERBELANJA MENGGUNAKAN SPAYLATER SERTA DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP GAYA HIDUP MAHASISWA ILMU EKONOMI https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/43637 <p><em><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Globalisasi mendorong dunia untuk semakin maju khususnya dalam bidang teknologi, pada era saat ini teknologi telah berkembang pesat terbukti dengan lahirnya Financial Technology (fintech) salah satunya adalah SPayLater. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui lebih jauh tentang perilaku belanja online menggunakan fitur SPayLater pada remaja khususnya mahasiswa Jurusan Ekonomi Universitas Negeri Surabaya. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian deskriptif kualitatif dengan menggunakan pendekatan fenomologi. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Hasil penelitian diperoleh dari wawancara dengan narasumber dan juga menggunakan perbandingan penelitian sebelumnya. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Pengaruh gaya hidup dan sosial mempengaruhi penggunaan SPayLater dan juga mempengaruhi perilaku belanja mahasiswa Jurusan Ekonomi, </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Universitas Negeri Surabaya bagi mereka yang cenderung suka berbelanja dengan SpayLater membuat gaya hidup mereka lebih konsumtif, dan penggunaan SPayLater karena pengaruh sosial yang berasal dari teman dan keluarga. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">iklan.</span></span></em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords :</em></strong><em> SPayLater, Shopping Behavior, Lifestyle, Sosial Influence</em></p> Intan Kurniasari, Ladi Wajuba Perdini Fisabilillah ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/43637 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 PENGARUH JUMLAH PENDUDUK, TENAGA KERJA DAN INFLASI TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DI KABUPATEN BANYUWANGI https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/43606 <p><em>The factors that can be used to determine the ups and downs of economic growth are land and the natural resources in it, the population and the quality of the population and labor, the availability of capital goods and the level of technology used, the state of the social system and community behavior (Sukirno, 2013). ). If the population increases, it will certainly increase per capita income accompanied by an increase in the number of workers. Higher inflation will also cause domestic food prices to rise. This is the driving force behind the rise in wages in the industrial sector so that companies increase production costs. The author conducted a series of research activities to see how the influence of population, labor and inflation on economic growth in Banyuwangi Regency. The final result contained in this study is that partially the population has a significant negative effect on economic growth, in contrast to labor and inflation, the results of which do not significantly affect economic growth. However, with the results of simultaneous testing which shows that the variables of population, labor and inflation have no effect on economic growth.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dyan Puspita Sari, ladi wajuba perdini fisabilillah ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/independent/article/view/43606 Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000