ANALISA KADAR EMISI DAN GAS BUANG MOBIL ISUZU PANTHER 2002 BERBAHAN BAKAR BIODIESEL DARI BUAH BIJI BINTARO
Biodiesel is a diesel engine fuel made from biological resources as a substitute for diesel. One way to use biodiesel for motor vehicles is to mix it with diesel in a certain ratio. The purpose of this study was to determine the emission and exhaust gas levels of the 2002 Isuzu Panther car fueled by biodiesel from bintaro seeds as an alternative solution to the use of petroleum. This study used experimental and descriptive methods. The object of this research is the 2002 Isuzu Panther engine. The variation of the tests carried out is at 1500 rpm - 3000 rpm with a range of 500 rpm using biodiesel B-0, B-20, B-30. The research instrument is a tecnomotor smoke opacity meter and uses the ISO 3930/OIML R99 standard reference according to the 2006 Minister of Environment Decree. The results show that the average composition of the CO exhaust gas which is away from the 4.5% threshold is a test engine that uses a mixture of biodiesel bintaro fruit seeds and diesel fuel (B30) by 2.93%, the composition of the CO2 exhaust gas which is close to the minimum limit of 12% is a test engine that uses biodiesel fuel from bintaro seeds mixed with diesel (B30) of 7.9%, the composition of the opacity which is away from the standard limit of 70% is engine testing using a mixture of biodiesel from bintaro seed oil and diesel (B30) of 40.8%.Keywords: biodiesel, bintaro fruit seeds,isuzu panther, emissions, exhaust gases.
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