Kajian Moral dan Kewarganegaraan 2023-05-25T03:52:12+00:00 Oksiana Jatiningsih Open Journal Systems <p>Kajian Moral dan Kewarganegaraan is an online journal published by the Study Program of Pancasila and Citizenship Education (PPKn) of the PMP-KN Department, Faculty of Social Sciences and Law (FISH) Universitas Negeri Surabaya. The journal, which was previously published three times a year, has been published four times a year since 2022, namely in February, May, August, and November. It contains research results in the fields of citizenship, education, ideology, politics, social affairs, humanities, values, and morals.</p> Konstruksi Sosial Kemandirian Perempuan di Era Globalisasi (Studi Fenomenologi Perempuan Pengemudi Ojek Online di Kota Surabaya) 2023-03-19T01:54:35+00:00 Aura Afan Shabrina Sarmini Sarmini <p><em>Social construction always identifies the role of women only as good wives and mothers. However, the current of globalization has forced women out of the shackles of the domestic sphere and work in the public sphere, one of which is by becoming an online motorcycle taxi driver. This study aims to reveal the social construction of women's independence in the era of globalization which is associated with the factors forming social construction in society. There were four informants whose identities were deliberately disguised. The informants were taken based on evidence that the person concerned does indeed work as an online motorcycle taxi driver, is a woman who has or has been married, and those who have not or already have children. The focus of this research is to find out the social construction of women's independence in the era of globalization in the view of women online motorcycle taxi drivers associated with the factors forming social construction in society. Data collection techniques used include in-depth interviews, passive participant observation, and documentation. Data taken by in-depth interviews were then analyzed qualitatively. The results of this study indicate that there are three forms of women's independence in the era of globalization according to women online motorcycle taxi drivers, firstly the independence of working as an online motorcycle taxi driver as an alternative job, secondly in making decisions when facing sexual harassment at work, and thirdly making decisions related to the role of a mother in parenting. baby. Of the three forms of independence, the independence that is realized by working as an online motorcycle taxi driver and making decisions as a mother in caring for children is considered a little out of the order of community values. Meanwhile, there are no norms for the three forms of independence that lead to a violation of norms.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>: social construction, women, independence, online motorcycle taxi drivers</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2022-10-19T04:45:51+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## STRATEGI PEMBELAJARAN PPKn PADA PEMAHAMAN BELA NEGARA SISWA KELAS VIII DI SEKOLAH INKLUSI SMP MUHAMMADIYAH 2 KEDIRI 2023-05-24T07:38:43+00:00 Komang Azalia Armaida Oksiana Jatiningsih <p>The purpose of this study is to describe the strategies used by teachers to provide an understanding of state defense for Children with Special Needs (CSN) in inclusive classes. This study uses a qualitative approach with a descriptive method which takes place at SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Kediri. This study uses Peaget's cognitive learning theory. The focus of this research is a strategy that includes planning and implementation by teachers to provide an understanding of defending the country in inclusive classes consisting of regular children and special needs children. The subjects in this study were a class VIII Civics teacher who taught inclusive classes and a class assistant teacher. Data collection techniques used in this research are participant observation, semi-structured interviews and documentation in the form of lesson plans and the results of learning scores. Based on the research results, the implementation of PPKn learning begins with making a learning implementation plan which is the same as between ABK and regular students, but in the implementation of learning for regular students it is adjusted to the RPP and for ABK modifications are made to the RPP according to their needs. In the implementation of learning the teacher also manages the class to make it easier for children with special needs to receive the stimulus provided by the teacher. The teacher provides an understanding of defending the country by interpreting the national anthem, delivering repeated material and demonstrations, delivering material in verbal and non-verbal languages, optimizing the understanding of defending the country with image media, and implementing school rules as a form of love for the homeland.<br>Kata Kunci: National Defense, Children in Need Special (CNS), Inclusive School.</p> 2022-12-06T03:11:22+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## PROSES KONSEP DIRI MANTAN NARAPIDANA (STUDI FENOMENOLOGI ANGGOTA KOMUNITAS DEDIKASI MANTAN NARAPIDANA UNTUK NEGERI) 2023-05-25T01:41:41+00:00 Ahmad Shobrianto Warsono Warsono <p><em>Ex-convicts have challenges after undergoing a coaching period such as being difficult to be accepted back in the community. Self-concept in ex-convicts affects social interaction in social life. This study aims to describe the self-concept process of ex-convicts who are members of the DM-NUN community. The use of theory in this study is George Herbert Mead's self-concept theory. In this study using a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach with data analysis of Miles and Hubermas. Data collection was carried out by purposive sampling consisting of </em><em>five informants with the criteria of ex-convicts who were members of the Dedication Community of Former Inmates for the Country, had undergone a period of coaching at the IIB Tuban Penitentiary, and had been recorded as committing criminal acts. The focus of this research is to describe the self-concept process of ex-convicts who are members of the ex-convicts dedication community for the country by using the concepts of I and Me in the study of George Herbert Mead's theory. The results of the research findings are that the self-concept of ex-convicts who are members of the ex-convicts dedication community for the country is formed based on the willingness of ex-convicts to change themselves for the better, efforts to return to society, and support from the family and community as shown in Geoerge's theory. Herbert Mead through two elements, namely element I on the informant seen in ex-convicts wanting to change themselves and regret all the crimes they have committed. Meanwhile, the Me element is seen in informants who want to be seen as good people who have repented from past actions and in the future they can become figures or leaders for the community.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em>&nbsp;self concept, ex-convicts, community</em></p> 2022-12-14T13:55:32+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## TINGKAT NASIONALISME ANGGOTA EKSTRAKURIKULER SANGGAR SENI AGAWE SANTOSO SMAN 1 SINGGAHAN TUBAN 2023-05-25T01:44:46+00:00 Miftahul Jannah Listyaningsih Listyaningsih <p><em>This study aims to determine the level of nationalism of the extracurricular members of Sanggar Seni Agawe Santoso at SMAN 1 Singgahan Tuban. The research uses Coleman's rational choice theory. According to Coleman, actors are considered as individuals who have goals, actors also have a choice of basic value to be used to determine the choices and actions they want. This research uses quantitative research with descriptive design. Data collection techniques using a questionnaire filled out by 42 members. Analysis of the data used is to find the highest percentage of extracurricular members and the lowest. The results showed that the level of nationalism of the members of the Sanggar Seni Agawe Santoso extracurricular SMAN 1 Singgahan Tuban was 48% in the middle position. Extracurricular members of the Agawe Santoso Art Studio at SMAN 1 Singgahan Tuban have a moderate level of nationalism. This factor was found that the members still do not fully love the local culture. This is obtained because the members still have a sense of participating in preserving, developing and introducing their local culture.</em></p> 2022-12-25T10:42:19+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Konstruksi Penggemar Bangtan Boys dalam Komunitas Adorable Representative M.C. for Youth di Surabaya tentang Nasionalisme 2023-05-25T01:48:32+00:00 Riski Darma Santi Sarmini Sarmini <p><em>Adorable Representative M.C. for Youth (ARMY) Surabaya is a fan community for the K-Pop BTS group in Surabaya. In contrast to fan communities in general, in this community fans have an understanding of nationalism that is interesting to study. The research is examined by the social construction theory of Peter L. Berger and Thomas Luckmann to analyze the construction of nationalism and the dominant factors that influence it. This study uses a case study design with reference to the ideas put forward by Robert K. Yin. The subjects in this study were three BTS fans. The research location is in the city of Surabaya, precisely in the ARMY Surabaya community. Data collection techniques used were participant observation and in-depth interviews. Data found in the field were then analyzed using Miles and Huberman's model which is associated with social construction theory. The results of the study show that the construction of BTS fans in the ARMY Surabaya community about nationalism occurs in three moments. First, at the moment of internalization, fans get socialization both primary and secondary. Second, at the moment of objectification, fans have shared knowledge about nationalism through a process of habituation and institutionalization. Third, at the moment of externalization of the fans' construction of nationalism it is poured out in three forms, namely as communication that takes place in harmony, appreciation of national identity, and obedience to regulations. Of the three forms of construction, nationalism tends to be understood by fans as a harmonious communication and appreciation of national identity.</em></p> 2023-01-11T03:19:20+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## RESPON MASYARAKAT JEMUR WONOSARI TENTANG BERDIRINYA SANGGAR CANDI BUSANA PENGHAYAT KEPERCAYAAN SAPTA DARMA DITINJAU DARI SIKAP MULTIKULTURAL 2023-05-25T01:51:52+00:00 Bero Santoso Oksiana Jatiningsih <p><em>This &nbsp;study aims to describe the response of the Jemur Wonosari community regarding the establishment of the&nbsp; Sanggar Candi Busana for followers of the Sapta Darma belief in terms of a multicultural attitude. The theory used in this study is the SOR (Stimulus-Organism-Response) theory discovered by Hovland. This theory assumes that a certain stimulus (verbal words, non-verbal cues, and symbols) will stimulate other people or groups to respond in a certain way as well. In this study using qualitative research methods with descriptive research type. The informants in this study were determined using a purposive sampling technique. The number of informants was selected with the consideration of the people living around the Sanggar Candi Busana building and also community leaders related to the activities of the Sapta Darma belief system until data saturation was obtained. The informants in the study found ten informants consisting of the community, community leaders in the Jemur Wonosari sub-district, and religious leaders of the Sapta Darma belief. The location in this study was in the Jemur Wonosari sub-district, Wonocolo District, Surabaya City. Data collection techniques used were in-depth interviews and observation. The results of this study indicate that the residents of Jemur Wonosari gave two responses, namely, the response before the public knew the function of the Fashion Temple Studio. And the positive response to the existence of the&nbsp; Sanggar Candi Busana and adherents of the Sapta Darma belief, community members live side by side. Acceptance of community members is part of humanist communication, Sapta Darma activities which involve the community as a form of upholding the value of harmony. A multicultural attitude emerges where society maintains harmonious relations and provides space for differences in belief and worship without disturbing or disturbing.</em></p> 2023-01-13T22:29:18+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## MOTIVASI ORANG TUA DALAM PENENTUAN PENDIDIKAN TINGGI ANAK DI KELURAHAN MERI KOTA MOJOKERTO 2023-03-19T01:38:38+00:00 Anis Fitri Alviana Raden Roro Nanik Setyowati <p><em>The purpose of this research is to describe the motivation of parents in determining their children's higher education in Meri Village, Mojokerto City. The focus of this study is the analysis of parents' motivation in making decisions regarding their children's further higher education. The theoretical foundation used is Abraham Maslow's motivational theory consisting of several indicators, namely physiological needs, safety needs, social needs, esteem needs, and self-actualization needs. This study used qualitative research with a descriptive research design. The informants of this study were three parents who had teenagers aged 18 to 19 years who continued their education at tertiary institutions. Data collection techniques in this study were in-depth interviews and observation. The data validation technique uses technical triangulation. Data analysis techniques include data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions. The results of research on parents' motivation in determining their children's tertiary education so that children can get a better education, get decent jobs in the future, gain existence in the family and community environment, get support and assistance from extended families, and can form good character and morals. better. It's just that in the process of discussing the determination of further higher education, there are differences of opinion between parents and children when they have different choices of majors. The child agrees to follow directions and the parents enter the department according to the wishes of the parents because they feel that the parents' choice is not bad and is a form of child's devotion to their parents. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> motivation, parents, child’s higher education</em></p> 2023-01-29T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## TINGKAT DISIPLIN BERLALU LINTAS REMAJA MILENIAL DI KECAMATAN NGORO KABUPATEN JOMBANG 2023-05-25T01:55:04+00:00 Hesty Eka Pratiwi Maya Mustika Kartika Sari <p><em>This study aims to describe the level of traffic discipline of millennial adolescents in Ngoro District, Jombang Regency. The research approach used is quantitative with a descriptive design. Data was collected through questionnaires using a likert scale type that used four answer choice options. Sampling technique using non probability sampling: incidental. The distribution of the questionnaire was carried out by providing questionnaires online or through the researcher's social media in the form of Facebook. The population used was 10,705 with a sample of 100 respondents. The sample criteria taken by the researchers were millennial teenagers who are residents of Ngoro District, driving two-wheeled motorized vehicles, usually using the internet and ranging in age from 15-24 years. The data analysis technique in this study uses percentage techniques and is based on Thomas Lickona's theory which states that when a person knows a good thing, wants a good thing, and does a good thing, a good character will be formed as well. There are three indicators used as benchmarks in the study. The overall results showed that the level of traffic discipline of millennial teenagers in Ngoro District was classified as good, with details of 80 respondents (80%) having a good level of traffic discipline and the remaining 20 respondents (20%) having a fairly good level of traffic discipline and none of the respondents having a relatively poor level of traffic discipline. The total score obtained was 10,268 with an average of 102.68 which is good. This means that millennial teenagers in Ngoro District have a high level of discipline in traffic.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>Keywords:Youth, Millenials, Traffic Discipline</em></p> 2023-02-17T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## PERAN ORGANISASI PIMPINAN ANAK CABANG IKATAN PELAJAR NAHDLATUL ULAMA IKATAN PELAJAR PUTERI NAHDLATUL ULAMA (IPNU IPPNU) DALAM MEMBENTUK KARAKTER NASIONALISME PADA REMAJA DI KECAMATAN TAMAN KABUPATEN SIDOARJO 2023-05-25T03:49:37+00:00 Farid Anwar Muhammad Turhan Yani <p><em>The problem of teenagers today is not something that can be underestimated because teenagers are an asset to the nation because they are the next generation who will continue leadership in the country of Indonesia, but teenagers are currently experiencing a problem, namely the decline in the character of nationalism, namely 1. Decreased socialization 2. Activeness in the success of the event statehood 3. And the willingness to spread national insights from themselves they prefer to be silent and play cellphones even more interested in foreign culture than their own nation. The purpose of this research is to find out the role of the Branch Leaders of the Nahdlatul Ulama Student Association and the Nahdlatul Ulama Girls Student Association, Taman District Sidoarjo Regency in forming the character of nationalism in adolescents in Taman Subdistrict, Sidoarjo Regency and knowing what are the obstacles experienced by this study using descriptive qualitative methods with data sources from interviews with informants, the results of the study show that the Lead The leadership of the Nahdlatul Ulama Student Association Branch and the Nahdlatul Ulama Female Student Association, Taman Subdistrict, Sidoarjo Regency has a role in establishing the character of nationalism in Taman Subdistrict, which is carried out through various work programs, some of which are internal and external, including the loyalty period of members, training of young cadres and future members. Introduction to the school environment. Internal activities are more specific to members while external activities are for youth outside the members of the IPNU IPPNU management, Taman District</em></p> 2023-02-23T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## STRATEGI JARINGAN KEMANUSIAAN JAWA TIMUR DALAM MENGENTASKAN ANAK JALANAN DI KOTA MALANG 2023-03-19T01:29:08+00:00 Aris Nurhuda Agus Satmoko Adi <p><strong><em>Abstract</em></strong></p> <p><em>This study aims to describe the strategy carried out by the East Java Humanitarian Network in alleviating street children in Malang City and to find out the obstacles encountered by the East Java Humanitarian Network in alleviating street children in Malang City. East Java Humanitarian Network. The alleviation strategy is the process, method, act of alleviating by awakening, improving, elevating bad luck or circumstances to better ones. The street children who have been eradicated by the East Java Humanitarian Network have really helped the government to overcome the problem of street children in Malang City. The East Java Humanitarian Network has three programs conducting business development which consist of skills training in collaboration with volunteers. The Learning House program &nbsp;educate street children, accompanying children to get identity cards. The theory used in this study is strategy theory according to Fred R David, which is the theory chosen to find a strategy to eradicate street children in the city of Malang. This research use desciptive qualitative approach. The techniques used in data collection are observation, interviews and documentation. The criteria for informants are administrators of the East Java Humanitarian Network. Primary data sources derived from interviews and secondary data in the form of documentation. Data analysis techniques used are data collection, data reduction, data presentation and conclusion and results. There is a strategy that can eradicate street children carried out by the East Java Humanitarian Network.. </em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords ; East Java humanitarian network, Street Children, Strategy</em></strong></p> 2023-02-24T07:15:26+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## PENGARUH MEDIA MONOPOLI BAPER TERHADAP AKTIVITAS DAN HASIL BELAJAR PESERTA DIDIK KELAS VIII SMP NEGERI 9 SURABAYA 2023-03-18T22:22:17+00:00 Shalma Esti Nur Widyasari Listyaningsih Listyaningsih <p><em>In Pancasila and Civic Education, students required be creative and active in developing themselves and knowledge. Reality, implementation of Pancasila and Civic Education students still tend passive and easily bored,,in SMP Negeri 9 Surabaya, Pancasila and Civic Education subjects are quite difficult to understand because they have a lot of material to remember and it is quite difficult for students to remember and memorize the articles in the law. act. The use of learning media can solve the problem of the diversity of student learning styles, make it easy for teachers to convey messages, and encourage students to learn. In this study, learning media used the Baper monopoly game media (Learning Legislation) in learning laws and regulations. The type of research that has been used in this research is quantitative research, quasi-experimental type, with two groups (experimental and control). This research was conducted at SMP Negeri 9 Surabaya which were selected using random sampling, the samples in this study were students in class VIII A (experimental class) and class VIII B (control class). The data collection technique in this study is a matter of tests. While the data analysis technique uses a different test using the t test technique. The results showed that the learning activities of the experimental class were in the very good category with a percentage of 79.45%, while the control class was in the adequate category, such as cone theory. Edgar Dale's experience is that the more learning media variables, the more activities carried out by students and the level of involvement of students. starting from visual, oral, writing, to motor, so the material that students understand reaches 90%. As well as having a significant influence on the use of monopoly media on student learning outcomes in the material Interpreting Legislation - Invitations, namely the results of the t test, the 2-tailed significance value gets the result 0.000 &lt;0.05 which states Ho is rejected and Ha is accepted, supported by a comparison of the class average posttest scores the experiment was bigger than the control class, namely 67 &gt; 62.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> Baper Monopoly, Learning Activities, Learning Outcomes</em></p> 2023-03-18T22:20:58+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## PENANAMAN SIKAP SOPAN-SANTUN PADA ANGGOTA IKATAN KELUARGA SILAT PUTRA INDONESIA (IKSPI) KERA SAKTI DI DESA SIDOMLANGEAN KECAMATAN KEDUNGPRING KABUPATEN LAMONGAN 2023-04-05T02:06:25+00:00 Taibur Rachman Listyaningsih - <p><em>The arrogance of youth who are members of the IKSPI Kera Sakti martial arts organization is very concerning, because they often commit acts that can harm the organization and damage the good name of IKSPI Kera Sakti. Fights with other martial arts organizations, drunkenness, behaving like a champ in the midst of community life to gambling and crime. This study aims to find out about the cultivation of good manners in members of the Indonesian Men's Silat Family Association (IKSPI) Kera Sakti in Sidomlangean Village, Kedungpring District, Lamongan Regency. The approach used in this study is a qualitative approach with data collection techniques in the form of participatory observation, interviews, documentation and data analysis. for the informants of this study, there were six people from one IKSPI Kera Sakti head of Sidomlangean Village, three senior trainers who had been members of IKSPI Kera Sakti for more than five years, and two students who were still practicing. Informants are determined using a purposive technique. The theory used in this research is Thomas Lickona's character education theory. In Thomas Lickona's theory of character education, there are three important elements, namely moral knowing, moral feeling, and moral behavior. The results of this study indicate that the inculcation of politeness in the IKSPI Kera Sakti organization in Sidomlangean Village was carried out by trainers during the training process, namely the first habit of shaking hands, praying and making student promises. Second, the development of knowledge about martial arts material. Third, practice the teachings of courtesy. The fourth award and punishment.</em></p> 2023-04-05T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Pengaruh Tingkat Pendidikan dan Pola Asuh Orang Tua terhadap Moralitas Anak 2023-05-25T03:52:12+00:00 Arlis Noviantika Dwimita <p><em>This study aims to determine the influence of the level of education and parenting patterns on the formation of children's moralitase in Lawangangung Village, Sugio district. The research approach used is descriptive quantitative. Data were collected using questionnaires (questionnaires) Sampling techniques using probability sampling. The number of samples studied was 30 biological parents who had children aged 12-17 years. Data analysis to test hypotheses using statistical analysis of multiple linear regression through partial testing (t test) and determinant coefficient testing (rsquare ) with a significance level of 0.05 using the help of SPSS 25 for windows. There were three variables in this study on education level (X1), parenting (X2), and child moralitas formation (Y). The results showed that there was a significant positive influence of the influence of education level and parenting on the moralitas formation of children, shown from the results of the t count test of 2.347 with a significant 0.027.&nbsp; Based on research on the level of education of good parents, discipline and wisdom will result in better parenting. This is driven by the need for encouragement and efforts to improve the quality of parenting towards the formation of children's moralitass so that there is a wholeness and harmony, so that the process and out put education can be maximized. The positive influence is that if the level of education of parents is better at educating, the better the results of parenting on the moralitas formation of children.</em></p> 2023-04-18T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Ketidakhadiran Pemimpin Perempuan di Forum Komunikasi Mahasiswa Bojonegoro Universitas Negeri Surabaya dalam Persepsi Pengurus dan Anggota 2023-05-24T08:20:36+00:00 Charisa Candra Selvia Oksiana Jatiningsih <p><em>FKMB Unesa is a Regional Student Organization from Bojonegoro at Unesa. Since its formation, no woman has been in the highest leadership position in the organizational structure, namely the general chairperson. The formulation of the problems in the research are: (1) How are the perceptions of the management and members of the FKMB Unesa regarding the absence of women as leaders. (2) What are the inhibiting factors for the election of women as leaders in FKMB Unesa? The theory used in this study is Rosmarie Putnam Tong's Theory of Liberal Feminism. This study uses a descriptive qualitative research method. Data from the study were obtained from interviews with seven administrators and two members, focus group discussions (FGD) with 10 administrators and two members, observation and documentation. The research informants are the management and members of the Unesa FKMB for the 2022/2023 period. In general, informants were of the view that women were not suitable to be general chairmen at FKMB Unesa because women were emotional, women were not destined to be leaders, were hampered by distance and time, were not authoritative, were not suitable as top leaders, and were not flexible as leaders. Meanwhile, women themselves also feel unable to carry out the role of leader. As in the theory of Liberal Feminism, the inhibiting factors for the presence of female leaders are caused by internal and external factors. It can be argued that men and women have different opportunities, women's opportunities to become leaders are not as big as men's opportunities. The absence of women as leaders is caused by two inhibiting factors that reinforce each other, so that women will be further away from opportunities to become leaders. The power of change can occur when both factors want to break down, both men and women can support each other to erode the patriarchal culture that is rooted in the organization.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Perceptions, Absence of Women Leaders, </em><em>Inhibitors.&nbsp;&nbsp; </em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-05-12T06:21:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##