Kajian Moral dan Kewarganegaraan https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa <p>Kajian Moral dan Kewarganegaraan ini merupakan jurnal online yang diterbitkan oleh Program Studi S-1 Pendidikan Pancasila dan Kewarganegaraan (PPKn) Jurusan PMP-KN Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Hukum (FISH) Unesa. Jurnal yang sebelumnya terbit tiga kali dalam setahun, sejak tahun 2022 terbit empat kali dalam satu tahun, yaitu pada bulan Februari, Mei, Agustus, dan November ini memuat hasil-hasil penelitian di bidang kewarganegaraan, pendidikan, ideologi, politik, sosial, humaniora, nilai, dan moral.&nbsp;</p> Universitas Negeri Surabaya (Unesa) en-US Kajian Moral dan Kewarganegaraan 2337-473X Penerapan Pembelajaran Blended Learning Pada Mata Pelajaran PPKn Kelas 12 Di SMA Tamansiswa Kota Mojokerto https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/48348 <p><em>In mid-2021, the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak experienced a decline which had an impact on the learning process at Tamansiswa High School, Mojokerto City. Therefore, an educational policy was established in the form of limited learning, namely the Blended Learning learning method at SMA Tamansiswa Mojokerto City. The purpose of this study is to describe the application of Blended Learning in the 12th grade Civics subject at SMA Tamansiswa Mojokerto City. The focus of the research is the application of Blended Learning in Civics subjects, the advantages and disadvantages of Blended Learning at SMA Tamansiswa Mojokerto City. This research uses qualitative research method with descriptive research type. There were four informants in this study who were selected using a purposive sampling technique with certain criteria. The data collection technique used was interviews and documentation which were carried out for one month. The data analysis technique uses interactive qualitative data analysis according to Miles and Huberman, namely data collection, data reduction and data presentation. The results of the study, namely the application of Blended Learning learning in Civics subjects were carried out through three stages, namely the planning stage with the preparation of Blended Learning RPP and socialization to educators and guardians of students, the implementation stage was carried out through distance learning and face-to-face learning in class and the evaluation stage in the form of assessment of student outcomes which includes assessment of attitudes, knowledge and skills. The advantage of Blended Learning is that it improves the quality of educators and students during the COVID-19 pandemic. The weakness in Blended Learning is the lack of attractiveness of students during distance learning.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> Aplication, Blended Learning, Civics</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> One Putra Firman Syah Warsono Warsono ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-07-21 2022-07-21 1 15 10.26740/kmkn.v11n1.p1-15 Praktik Toleransi Kehidupan Beragama pada Masyarakat Etnis Tionghoa di Kota Surabaya https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/48403 <p><em>This study was written to provide an overview of the practice of religious tolerance in the Chinese ethnic community in Surabaya by using Berkson's theory, namely the theory of cultural pluralism: mosaic analogy which emphasizes freedom in culture. The method used is a qualitative research method with descriptive research and interview data collection techniques are expected to explain in detail the facts in the field. The informants in this study were 4 people who were the people of the Chinatown area who met the characteristics required by the researcher. The results of the study then prove that the practice of religious tolerance in the ethnic Chinese community in Surabaya has reached a democratic stage marked by various tolerance practices both in the family environment or in the community. The influence of the realization of good Tolerance Practices is inseparable from cultural and ethnic similarities. This practice of tolerance is manifested in the behavior of people who respect each other's religious differences, such as not arguing for a long time if there is a difference of opinion on the religion they profess. On the other hand, the tolerance applied in religion also has a significant impact on the development of society</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong> <strong><em>: </em></strong><em>tole</em><em>rance</em><em>, </em><em>chinese community, religion.</em></p> Diba Sofinadya Warsono Warsono ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-07-25 2022-07-25 16 31 Peran Orang Tua dalam Mencegah Pergaulan Bebas Anaknya Desa Sudimoro Kecamatan Tulangan Kabupaten Sidoarjo https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/48451 <p><em>The purpose of this study was to describe the role of parents in preventing their children's promiscuity in Sudimoro Village, Tulangan District, Sidoarjo Regency. The focus in this study is the actions and words that parents take when carrying out their functions in order to prevent the involvement or opportunities for their children to be involved in promiscuity. The promiscuity of teenagers is meant by teenagers who have had sexual relations outside of marriage or free sex, drug abuse, and drinking. The theoretical basis used is Biddle &amp; Thomas's role theory which consists of several indicators, namely expectations, norms, forms of behavior, assessments and sanctions. This research uses qualitative research with descriptive research design. The informants of this study were six parents who had teenage children aged 13 to 15 years and were not involved in promiscuity. One of the parents in this study worked (father worked while mother did not work). Data collection techniques in this study were in-depth interviews and observation. The data validity technique used triangulation technique. Data analysis techniques include data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions. The results of parental research in preventing their children's promiscuity and for children's awareness and personal responsibility by laying the foundation of religion as the main education for children in preventing promiscuity, utilizing children's free time with activities to develop talents and interests, applying time limits outside the home as a form of supervision and controlling children's associations and explaining the dangers of promiscuity as self-help for children. It's just that in explaining the dangers of promiscuity there is a difference that girls are more reminded of the dangers of free sex while boys are reminded not to fall into promiscuity such as free sex, drug abuse, and drinking.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: </em></strong><em>Role, parents, adolescent promiscuity.</em></p> Yohana Ervina Widyanti Oksiana Jatiningsih ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-07-25 2022-07-25 32 48 10.26740/kmkn.v11n1.p32-48 Analisis Tingkat Pemahaman Siswa Terhadap Nilai-Nilai Pancasila dalam Pembelajaran Daring di SMPN 1 dan 2 Kecamatan Trowulan Kabupaten Mojokerto https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/48653 <p><em>Abstract</em></p> <p><em>This study aims to determine the level of student understanding of Pancasila values ​​in online learning for students at SMPN 1 Trowulan and students at SMPN 2 Trowulan, Trowulan sub-district, Mojokerto Regency, East Java. The type of research applied here is descriptive quantitative with the sampling technique using simple random sampling. The sample used in this study were students of class VIII C from SMPN 1 Trowulan and class VIII F students from SMPN 2 Trowulan. Collecting data by using an objective test for measure the level of understanding students to the values of Pancasila which then given to students. This research is based on Anderson dan Krathwohl taxonomy and information processing theory. The result of this research is known that is the level of understanding students perception of Pancasila values in online learning at SMPN 1 Trowulan and SMPN 2 Trowulan, Mojokerto Regency is at a very low predicate. This is evidenced by the highest percentage obtained from each school from SMPN 1 Trowulan, the largest percentage is 64% which is in a very low predicate. SMPN 2 Trowulan the largest percentage obtained was 48% in the predicate very low. Then, from SMPN 1 Trowulan it is known that there are a total of 85% of students who still do not meet the Minimum Completeness Criteria (KKM). Meanwhile, from SMPN 2 Trowulan, it is known that there are a total of 69% of students who still do not meet the Minimum Completeness Criteria (KKM).</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> Understanding, Pancasila Values, Online Learning</em><em>&nbsp;&nbsp; </em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Febiana Wahyuni Fauziyah Warsono Warsono ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-07-26 2022-07-26 49 63 10.26740/kmkn.v11n1.p49-63 Pengembangan Media PPT Ispring Suite Materi Sumpah Pemuda dalam Menguatkan Sikap Multikultural Siswa Kelas VIII UPT SMPN 1 Gresik https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/48585 <p>The purpose of the study was to describe the strategies of Civics teachers in strengthening nationalism and the results obtained from strengthening nationalism. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative research method. The research location is in SMP Negeri 3 Surabaya, precisely on Jalan Praban no. 3 Surabaya. Research data sources are divided into two, namely primary and secondary data sources. The primary data source is the VII grade Civics teacher, namely Mr. Angga, while the secondary data source is the behavior of students. Data collection techniques used are interviews, observation, and documentation. The data analysis technique used is data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions. This study obtained the results that the strategy of Civics teachers in strengthening nationalism was carried out by inserting nationalism in the VII grade Civics learning materials through discovery learning methods, giving assignments, lectures, and discussions. Strengthening nationalism is also supported by the implementation of classroom culture such as praying together, singing the national anthem Indonesia Raya, reading Pancasila texts, applying rewards and punishments, and teachers providing examples to students. Activities outside of PPKn learning that also support the strengthening of nationalism are paskibraka extracurriculars, scouts, musical arts, traditional dances, interesting areas in the school area of SMP Negeri 3 Surabaya such as the national aisle, vertical garden, school farming, and the Javanese zone. Seventh grade students who initially did not reflect the attitude of nationalism after studying in Civics lessons and practicing classroom culture became nationalist attitudes. The results of the implementation of the nationalism strengthening strategy showed that students who initially did not memorize the national anthem and Pancasila became memorized and accustomed to school culture which required students to be nationalistic.</p> <p>Keywords: strengthening strategy, character of nationalism, PPKn</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Nur Siami Fitriawati Harmanto Harmanto ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-07-31 2022-07-31 64 80 Strategi Ibu Tunggal dalam Mendidik Kemandirian pada Anak di Desa Bengkelo-Lor Kecamatan Benjeng Kabupaten Gresik https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/48575 <p><em>The purpose of this study was to describe the strategies used by single mothers regarding efforts to educate children's independence. The focus in this research is the single mother's strategy in educating independence in children, which is related to what mothers do to reduce or eliminate their children's dependence on others. The research approach used is descriptive qualitative. The informants of this study were 5 single mothers. The location of this research is Bengkelo-Lor Village, Benjeng District, Gresik Regency. Data collection techniques used in-depth interviews and participant observation. The data analysis technique uses the Miles and Huberman interactive model. This study uses Edward Lee Thorndike's Behavioristic educational paradigm theory, that single mothers act as intellectual stimuli by carrying out actions and thoughts that will guide children's behavior to become independent. These characters are stimulated by the environment such as by habituation or example to children. Children who catch the stimulus will know and produce behavior in accordance with the goal, namely the character of independence. The results showed that in carrying out independence character education there were four things that single mothers did, including the first, making children as partners in problem solving, positioning themselves as friends with children, sharing shared responsibilities, and using the help of other parties in educating children. . For single mothers in educating the character of independence in children, there are also obstacles or difficulties, this is related to the division of time and also the attitude of the child who feels tired so that it cannot be forced.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em>&nbsp;strategy,&nbsp;single mother,&nbsp;independence.</em></p> Sindy Febyanti Warsono Warsono ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-07-31 2022-07-31 81 95 Strategi Kampanye Stop Pernikahan Usia Anak Desa Sidomulyo Kecamatan Ngadirojo Kabupaten Pacitan https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/48685 <p><em>This study reveals about the campaign for child marriage in Sidomulyo Village, Ngadirojo District, Pacitan Regency, namely the village strategy in how to build public awareness not to do child marriage. The purpose of the study was to describe strategies to build public awareness and implement a campaign to stop child marriage in Sidomulyo village, Ngadirojo district, Pacitan district. The theory used in this research is Paulo Freire's Critical Education Theory which suggests that the liberation of the illiterate poor to be able to read, then decides to increase it to critical consciousness or public awareness of the problems they face. In the case of child marriage, awareness is meant to provide an understanding of the dangers posed by child marriage from the educational, economic and health aspects. This study uses a qualitative research approach that produces descriptive data with a critical study research design or critical research involving researchers directly to participate in the implementation of the stop child marriage campaign activities, which means researchers participate in raising public awareness of the understanding of the Marriage Act, Law Child Protection and the dangers posed by child marriage. The results of the study indicate that the concept of conscientization or realizing public awareness that focuses on problem posing education regarding cases of child marriage is realizing FGD in the form of dialogue between the community and resource persons so that awareness can run optimally with the aim of the community not doing and rejecting age marriage. children, but the awareness-raising conducted through the FGDs has not run optimally because it still tends to provide information from one party and the dialogical process has not been achieved as expected.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> strategy, </em><em>campaign, child marriage</em></p> Resti Wulansari Oksiana Jatiningsih ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-07-31 2022-07-31 96 113 Persepsi Suami dan Istri Terkait Beban Ganda Istri dalam Keluarga Buruh Tambak di Desa Pangkah Wetan Kecamatan Ujungpangkah Kabupaten Gresik https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/48453 <p><em>Double burden becomes an important problem for a wife, especially from a poor family. The wife must participate in meeting the needs of the family, thereby creating incompetence and compulsion in a wife. This study aims to reveal the perception of husband and wife related to double burden wife in the family of aquaculture workers. The theory used in this study is the perception theory of Mc Shane and Von Glinow, explaining that receiving information through surroundings requires consideration, a way to categorize information, and how to interpret it through the knowledge possessed. This research was conducted in Pangkah Wetan Village, Ujungpangkah District, Gresik Regency, using a qualitative research approach with a descriptive design. The informants of this study consisted of eight people from four married couples who were selected purposively based on those from aquaculture workers' families aged thirty to sixty years. The focus of this study is the husband and wife's view of the double burden experienced by the wife in the household. Data were collected through observations made every day regarding the time of activities carried out by husband and wife and in-depth interviews. For data validity, source and technique triangulation was used. The results showed that the perceptions of husbands and wives had several differences. Families who have a low economy receive a double burden and require their wives to work. Meanwhile, families who have enough economy allow their wives to work so that other needs are met.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em>&nbsp;Husband, Wife, Perception, Double Burden, Pond Workers</em></p> <p><em>Double burden becomes an important problem for a wife, especially from a poor family. The wife must participate in meeting the needs of the family, thereby creating incompetence and compulsion in a wife. This study aims to reveal the perception of husband and wife related to double burden wife in the family of aquaculture workers. The theory used in this study is the perception theory of Mc Shane and Von Glinow, explaining that receiving information through surroundings requires consideration, a way to categorize information, and how to interpret it through the knowledge possessed. This research was conducted in Pangkah Wetan Village, Ujungpangkah District, Gresik Regency, using a qualitative research approach with a descriptive design. The informants of this study consisted of eight people from four married couples who were selected purposively based on those from aquaculture workers' families aged thirty to sixty years. The focus of this study is the husband and wife's view of the double burden experienced by the wife in the household. Data were collected through observations made every day regarding the time of activities carried out by husband and wife and in-depth interviews. For data validity, source and technique triangulation was used. The results showed that the perceptions of husbands and wives had several differences. Families who have a low economy receive a double burden and require their wives to work. Meanwhile, families who have enough economy allow their wives to work so that other needs are met.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em>&nbsp;Husband, Wife, Perception, Double Burden, Pond Workers</em></p> Mei Zuliawati Oksiana Jatiningsih ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-08-04 2022-08-04 114 129 Praktik Nilai-Nilai Religius sebagai Upaya Meminimalisir Tindak Kenakalan Peserta Didik di SMA Negeri 1 Ngoro https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/48497 <p><em>This study describes the practice of religious values ​​to minimize student delinquency at SMA Negeri 1 Ngoro. This study aims to (1) describe the practice of religious values ​​as an effort to minimize student delinquency at SMAN 1 Ngoro, (2) identify any obstacles in the practice of religious values ​​as an effort to minimize student delinquency in SMAN 1 Ngoro. This research method uses a qualitative approach, with a descriptive research design. Data collection techniques used are observation, interviews and documentation. The theory used in this research is Thomas Lickona's character education theory. The results showed SMA Negeri 1 Ngoro had practiced religious character education through daily activities such as the obligation to pray dhuha, morning apples and youth prayer activities. The first obstacle that arises in the practice of religious values ​​is the lack of awareness from students so that there are still many who underestimate the activities provided. Second, the number of students who came late so they could not take part in the activities with the most reason being that the departure time was too early. Third, the obstacles experienced are in the process of maintaining the activities that have been given, because with the response from students who are few, SMA Negeri 1 Ngoro often changes concepts in implementing religious character education.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: </em></strong><em>Religious Character Education, Student&nbsp; Delinquency</em><em>&nbsp;&nbsp; </em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Nando Bramastha Rr. Nanik Setyowati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-08-06 2022-08-06 130 144 10.26740/kmkn.v11n1.p130-144 Strategi Penanaman Karakter Disiplin Melalui Penegakan Tata Tertib dan Pembelajaran PPKn di SMKN 5 Surabaya https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/48662 <p>This study aims to describe: (1) a strategy for inculcating disciplined character through enforcement of discipline at SMKN 5 Surabaya, and (2) a strategy for inculcating disciplined character through Civics learning at SMKN 5 Surabaya. In this study, the researcher adopted a qualitative technique. This research is based on Thomas Lickona's philosophy of character education. This study focuses on instilling disciplined character in SMKN 5 Surabaya through the enforcement of discipline and learning Civics. Data collection techniques using observation, interviews and documentation. The first stage is observation, interviews are conducted to obtain information related to strategies for inculcating disciplined character through enforcement of rules and learning PPKn and documentation related to the process of enforcing rules and learning PPKn. The results of this study indicate that there are several strategies used in building the character of discipline in students. In terms of enforcing the rules, namely socializing the rules, the school provides a statement stating that parents and students agree to the rules contained in the school, cooperate with all school members in enforcing the rules, provide educational sanctions, seek the root of the problem if there are students who violate the rules. often break the rules and find a way out. Then in the case of Civics learning, the teacher makes a learning contract, provides knowledge about the importance of discipline, tells students about the history of struggle, provides examples, conducts assessments and evaluations.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em>&nbsp;strategy,&nbsp; character of discipline, school regulation, </em>PPKn</p> Abyantara Ahnaf Sujana Rahmanu Wijaya ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-08-06 2022-08-06 145 159 Strategi Sekolah dalam Pencegahan Cyberbullying pada Siswa di SMP Negeri 6 Sidoarjo https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/48473 <p><em>Cyberbullying is a new problem in the midst of technological advances. The phenomenon of cyberbullying attacks various groups, especially teenagers.Tteenagers are the highest internet access users so far. In the midst of these technological advances, crime is indeed getting easier to do. The right cyberbullying prevention strategy needs to be done to minimize the occurrence of cyberbullying crimes. If viewed from the hierarchy of needs theory from Abraham Maslow, cyberbullying perpetrators have indications of committing cyberbullying crimes because their hierarchical needs are not fulfilled so they look for other individuals to become targets of cyberbullying victims. From the victim's side, the hierarchical needs that were originally all fulfilled are uprooted, one of which is the need for security. The focus of this research is the school's strategy in preventing cyberbullying on students at SMP Negeri 6 Sidoarjo. The purpose of this study was (1) to describe the school's strategy in preventing cyberbullying in students at the state junior high school 6 Sidoarjo. The theory of thinking in this research is the hierarchy of needs theory from Abraham Maslow. This research uses a qualitative approach with a descriptive Narrative type of research. Techniques in collecting research data using interview techniques, and documentation. The research informants were three vice principals of student affairs as facilitators of change agents, teachers of counseling guidance and facilitators of change agents, representatives of change agents who served as coordinators. The results of the study show that cyberbullying occurs because students do not apply social media ethics and lack of knowledge that perpetrators of cyberbullying can be punished according to applicable laws. Preventing cyberbullying in schools can be overcome through agents of change, Tifa's Teman team, anti-bullying campaign through posters, strengthening collaboration between parents, schools, and peers for the anti-cyberbullying digital literacy movement.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>: strategy, cyberbullying, prevention</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Ananda Ayu Triwulandari Oksiana Jatiningsih ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-08-07 2022-08-07 160 176 Strategi SMP Santo Yusup Pacet Mojokerto dalam Pembentukan Karakter Toleransi Antar Umat Beragama kepada Siswa https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/48739 <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggambarkan sistem yang digunakan oleh SMP Santo Yusup Pacet Mojokerto dalam membentuk kepribadian antara resistensi yang ketat terhadap siswa. Karakter resiliensi individu yang berbeda merupakan sikap yang sangat penting untuk diciptakan, mengingat Indonesia adalah negara yang multi agamis, multi suku dan multi budaya. Sekolah cukup untuk digunakan sebagai kendaraan bagi dunia lain untuk menanamkan kualitas-kualitas ketat ini dalam cara berperilaku yang ramah sehari-hari. SMP Santo Yusup, walaupun sebenarnya sekolah tersebut menghirup Katolik, namun penandaan agama harus dihilangkan sebisa mungkin mengingat bahwa penandaan agama sendiri untuk kepentingan sekolah akan benar-benar membuat disposisi selektif tertentu. Namun, pada akhirnya sekolah tidak mempertahankan pelajaran Katoliknya tetapi memberikan kualitas umum dalam pelatihan dalam situasinya saat ini. Studi ini menggunakan metodologi subjektif dengan rencana yang jelas. Strategi pengumpulan informasi menggunakan pertemuan, dokumentasi dan persepsi. Dari hasil tinjauan tersebut, terlihat bahwa metodologi SMP Santo Yusup Pacet Mojokerto dalam membingkai kepribadian resiliensi antara jaringan yang ketat dengan siswa dibawa melalui: (1) pengalaman yang berkembang di ruang belajar; (2) pengalaman yang berkembang di luar kelas; (3) pemanfaatan budaya di sekolah.</p> Muhammad Sifaul Qulub I Made Suwanda ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 177 191 Ngaji Warung Kopi sebagai Upaya Penguatan Pendidikan Karakter Kepedulian Sosial Pemuda di Kecamatan Kenjeran Kota Surabaya https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/48863 <p><em>Education can be obtained anywhere and anytime and with anyone. Both in the school environment (formal), the family environment (informal) and in the community (non-formal). One form of non-formal education is Gemmar (Maghrib Community Movement) Koran as an effort by the government to shape personality and prevent moral decay. However, these activities did not run optimally in the Kenjeran sub-district of the city of Surabaya. Through Ngaji Warung Kopi, the youths modify the meaning of “Ngaji” into a form of non-formal education that is more comfortable and enjoyable as an activity that is sought to strengthen the character education of youth social care. This study aims to find out how the Koran coffee shop activity can be an effort to strengthen character education for social awareness of youth in Kenjeran sub-district, Surabaya. The theory used in this study is the symbolic interactionism of Robert Herbert Mead and Herbert Blumer, who explain that Social Interaction creates a meaning and develops a self-concept that gives an individual's motive for behavior. This research was conducted at the Bintang Sembilan Coffee Shop, Kenjeran district, Surabaya. There were four informants in this study who were selected by purposive sampling. The focus of this research is the initiation to the implementation of the Koran coffee shop activity. Data were collected through interactive observation and in-depth interviews. The results of strengthening youth character education are shown through the behavior of various likes to orphans and orphans such as food, drinks to monthly pocket money whose behavioral motives are generated by self-concept which is developed through interactions that occur in coffee shop Koran activities which are the result of modifications to the meaning of "recite the Koran". ” which is more adapted to the habits of youth in the Kenjeran sub-district, Surabaya.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> Strengthening Character Education, Social Awareness, Ngaji, Coffee Shop.</em></p> Khoirur Rojikhin Muhammad Turhan Yani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 192 105 10.26740/kmkn.v11n1.p192-105 Strategi Guru Pendidikan Pancasila dan Kewarganegaraan (PPKn) dalam Mencegah Cyberbullying di SMA Negeri 1 Sidoarjo https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/48868 <p><em>This study aims to find out what strategies are used by Pancasila and Citizenship Education Teachers at Senior High School 1 Sidoarjo in preventing the phenomenon of cyberbullying. This study uses a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach. The informants were two teachers of Pancasila and Citizenship Education from Senior High School 1 Sidoarjo. This study uses the structuration theory of Anthony Giddens which stated that globalization has changed most of the ways of human life which of course has certain consequences. Consequences faced by Indonesia today include the moral degradation of student as a result of advances in information and communication technology, one of which the phenomenon of cyberbullying. The data analysis techniques used is an interactive model from Miles and Huberman based on mapping or description of the data. The results of this study indicate that Pancasila and Citizenship Education Teachers at Senior High School 1 Sidoarjo are already aware of cyberbullying phenomenon and have collaborated with various parties to prevent cyberbullying in Senior High School 1 Sidoarjo students. This team will also receive special guidance from Pancasila and Citizenship Education Teachers. The motive that the informant wanted to addres in the process of preventing cyberbullying was to make students of Senior High School 1 Sidoarjo wiser in using the internet, considering that Pancasila and Citizenship Education subjects were very important in the formation of nation and character building which would later form capable citizens think critically but also act responsible. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong> <em>Strategy, Pancasila dan Citizenship Teacher, Cyberbullying</em></p> Devina Safira Prastowo Rr. Nanik Setyowati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 206 221 Penguatan Nilai-Nilai Pendidikan Karakter dan Moral melalui Program 5S (Senyum Sapa Salam Sopan Santun) di SMK Negeri 1 Trenggalek pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19 https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/48882 <p><em><strong>Abstract</strong></em><br><em>Teachers must be able to create a learning environment that can foster character-building attitudes. When implementing online learning, teachers must be creative in utilizing strategies on how to best carry out teacher duties in character building during the pandemic. The most basic character education instilled from an early age, especially in school, is the 5S culture (Greetings, Smiles, Greetings, Politeness, Courtesy). This study aims to describe 1) The formation of character and moral education values through the 5S program (Smile Sapa Salam Courtesy). At SMK Negeri 1 Trenggalek During the Covid-19 Pandemic Period. This research use desciptive qualitative approach. The research informants were the Principal, PPKn teachers, Counseling Guidance teachers and parent. Data collection techniques used participant observation, in-depth interviews and documentation studies. Data analysis techniques used in this research are data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions. The results showed that 1) The implementation of character education through 5S culture (smiles, greetings, greetings, courtesy and manners) during the pandemic was by including character education in the school's vision and mission; include the 5S culture (smile, greet, greet, be polite and courteous) in the spontaneous habituation program; and include 5S activities (smiles, greetings, greetings, courtesy and manners) in the lesson plan. 2) The supporting factor of the 5S program is the existence of teacher resources, the environment and parents of students who support the implementation of the 5S program. The teacher is agile and easy to guide. The inhibiting factor of the 5S program is the presence of students who sometimes behave impolitely, students who are disorganized or undisciplined</em><br><em><strong>Keywords:</strong> Character education, 5S program (Greetings, Smiles, Greetings, Politeness, and Courtesy), covid 19</em></p> Prezthidya Negtha Zsantana I Made Suwanda ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-08-17 2022-08-17 222 236 Strategi Pengembangan Jiwa Kepemimpinan Anak di Panti Asuhan Muslimat NU Darul Muhsinin Ponorogo https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/48887 <p><em>The purpose of this study is to describe the strategies used by caregivers to develop children's leadership spirit and to describe the impacts, constraints, and solutions that occur in developing children's leadership qualities in orphanages. The focus of this research is the caregiver's strategy in developing the spirit of leadership through habituation. This study uses a qualitative approach with a descriptive method. The informants in the study were four people, namely the caregivers of the orphanage with the criteria of caregivers who were used as informants, namely caregivers in the care section, foster siblings and talents and interests. Data collection techniques used observation and unstructured in-depth interviews. While the data validity technique uses data triangulation techniques. Data analysis techniques include data reduction, data presentation and drawing conclusions. The results of this study indicate that the caregivers of the NU Darul Muhsinin Ponorogo Orphanage have provided habits as a stimulus for children in developing leadership spirit. Habituation is expected to shape the character of children who have a leadership spirit, are responsible, disciplined, independent, work hard and be creative. Equipping with religious knowledge as an effort to form the foundation of leadership character based on religious values ​​and imitating Islamic leaders. Provide habituation of responsibility and discipline to children by obeying the rules and obligations of children, and not violating the agreed rules. While the habit of discussing trains children to be able to respect the opinions of others and train to communicate. Forming a winning mentality with children participating in competition activities. Interest talent training to form children's independence and creativity. Building children's self-confidence through Child Orphanage Organizations or OPA and extracurricular activities at school.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> strategy, development, leadership</em></p> Dhinda Wahyu Putri Elisya Oksiana Jatiningsih ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-08-17 2022-08-17 237 255 Strategi Pemerintah Desa Sukosewu Dalam Mencegah Pekerja Migran Non Prosedural Melalui Program Desmigratif https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/48744 <p><sup>Sukosewu Village is one of the pockets of migrant workers in Blitar who has problems with migrant workers. Non-procedural migrant workers are vulnerable to discrimination and criminalization due to their positions that are not in accordance with procedures. This research is important to study considering that the village is the main exit door for people to work abroad, so it is necessary to have a strategy to prevent non-procedural migrant workers from the village. This study uses John Middleton's Communication Strategy theory that the best communication are combinating all of element that consist of communicator and communican although media to achieve the goals. This research use case study methods refers to Robert K. Yin. Informan choosen by purposive sampling that consider by some chriteria. The research location is at the Sukosewu Village Office, Gandusari District, Blitar Regency. The data collection technique used is in-depth interviews related to the communication strategy carried out and documentation. The data research was analyzed using the opinions of Miles and Huberman combined with John Middleton's theory of communication strategy. The results of this study there are four strategies used, namely migration service strategies, personal approach strategies, social media monitoring strategies, and technical guidance strategies for community leaders. This program has been successful because there are no more non-procedural migrant workers from Sukosewu Village in the 2019-2021 departure year. There are factors that encourage and hinder the implementation of the Desmigratif Program in Sukosewu Village. Several things need to be done to overcome the inhibiting factors, among others, a personal approach, socialization of the Desmigratif Program and the creation of an attractive support program.<br>Keywords: migrant workers,&nbsp;Desmigratif Programe,&nbsp;Village Government Strategy. <br></sup></p> Ratna Triwulandari Iman Pasu Marganda Hadiarto Purba ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-08-21 2022-08-21 256 271 Permainan Tradisional sebagai Sumber Nilai Karakter Bagi Anak di Kelurahan Simokerto Surabaya https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/48769 <p><em>This study aims to describe traditional games as a source of character values </em><em>​​</em><em>for children in Simokerto Village, Surabaya. The focus of this study describes the mechanism of the Kampoeng Dolanan community in instilling character values </em><em>​​</em><em>through traditional games of tug of war, stilts, and holahop in children and the integrated character values </em><em>​​</em><em>in them. The research approach used is qualitative with a case study design, the subjects in this study are the head of the Kampoeng Dolanan community, members of the youth organization, children involved in traditional games in Simokerto Surabaya village and parents of children playing traditional games in Simokerto Surabaya village. The research location is in RT. 04 RW. 02 Simokerto Village, Surabaya City. Data collection techniques using interviews, and documentation. Data analysis using the model from Miles and Huberman through four stages of data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions by juxtaposing the perspective of Ki Hajar Dewantara's 3N theory. The results show that the Kampoeng Dolanan community mechanism in instilling character values </em><em>​​</em><em>through traditional games in children has three stages, namely introducing, playing, and preserving. The integrated character values </em><em>​​</em><em>in the traditional tug of war game are courage, strength, cooperation and trust, the integrated character values </em><em>​​</em><em>in the stilt game are courage, concern and cooperation, the integrated character values </em><em>​​</em><em>in the holahop game are dexterity, balance, and hard work.</em><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>: </em>&nbsp;<em>Traditional Games, Characters, Children..</em></p> Yoga Prasetya SARMINI SARMINI ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-08-21 2022-08-21 272 288 Peran POSYANDU Jiwa dalam Penguatan Nilai Kemanusiaan di Desa Pertapan Maduretno, Sidoarjo https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/48840 <p><em>The purpose of this study was to analyze in depth the role of the mental health post in improving the quality of life of people with mental disorders in order to achieve human values ​​in the village of Pertapan Maduretno and the obstacles that occur. In this study, Biddle and Thomas' role theory was used. This type of research is qualitative research with a qualitative descriptive research design. Data collection techniques in this study used in-depth interviews, observation, and documentation, as well as research informants selected by purposive sampling method were mental health midwives and mental health cadres. The focus of this research is to analyze the role and inhibiting factors of the mental health post in carrying out its role. The results of this study explain that the role of mental health services in increasing human values ​​can be seen in socialization and public education regarding people with mental disorders, the implementation of treatment for patients with direct methods, home visit treatment services, and the provision of creativity services as a therapeutic medium to patients. The inhibiting factors for the role of the mental health post in increasing human values ​​come from the family's mindset in refusing, the anxiety of the patient, and the termination of activities due to the Covid-19 pandemic.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: </em></strong><em>Role, Humanity, Human Rights</em></p> Wulandari Ratnasati Raden Roro Nanik Setyowati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-08-21 2022-08-21 289 305 Penguatan Ecological Citizenship Kelompok Anti Tambang Pasir dalam Pemenuhan HAM Lingkungan pada Masyarakat (Studi Kasus Tambang Pasir Desa Selok Awar-Awar Lumajang) https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/49140 <p><em>This study explains the real action of anti-mining groups by strengthening Ecological Citizenship, in dealing with environmental damage and handling it by anti-mining groups. The purpose of this study is to describe the strengthening of the Ecological Citizenship of the anti-sand mining group from the Community Care Communication Forum of Selok Village. The research location was conducted in Selok Awar-Awar Village, Pasirian Lumajang District, with the research method being a qualitative approach and the case study design referring to the opinion of Robert K. Yin (2003). This research focuses on the impact of illegal sand mining, the real action of anti-mining groups in strengthening the Ecological Citizenship movement, and the growing public awareness of Ecological Citizenship. Data collection techniques applied through observation, interviews, and documentation techniques. The theory used is from Antony Gidens, where the agent is the antimining group, the structure is the community. The results of this study indicate that the role of anti-mining groups, as well as policy support from the local government and concrete actions of anti-mining groups in fighting for the rights to the environment of the community in Selok Awar-Awar village produces duality as evidenced by good cooperation between agents and structures so that mines can be closed, such as through strengthening Ecological Citizenship activities by making (1) Clean, Beautiful, Healthy and Safe (BISA) Movement, (2) Disseminating information to the public to stop sand mining xiii activities completely using a humanitarian approach, (3) Conducting Environmental Education and Campaigns together with the community at the Balai, (4) Conduct studies and determine targets and targets where the damage is the worst and how to deal with it, (5) Plant 6000 mangrove tree seedlings and 1000 sea cypress seeds on the Watu Pecak coast and the southern coast of Lumajang, (6) Conduct mine closures and legal advocacy to Tosan, Salim Kancil. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>: ecological citizenship, Mining impact, the role of antimining groups.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Kemal Pasha kemal Raden Roro Nanik Setyowati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-09-12 2022-09-12 306 319 Strategi Guru PPKn dalam Pelaksanaan Penguatan Karakter Disiplin pada Peserta Didik Kelas X MAN 2 Lamongan https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/49095 <p><em>This study aims to describe the strategies used by PPKn teachers in strengthening the character of discipline and the obstacles faced along with the solutions offered to strengthen the character of discipline in class X students of MAN 2 Lamongan. This study uses a qualitative approach with a descriptive method. This study uses the theory of Character Education proposed by Thomas Lickona. The informants of this study were two people selected using purposive sampling technique, namely two PPKn teachers. Data collection techniques using observation, interviews, and documentation, then analyzed with the stages of data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that there are several strategies carried out by Civics teachers in strengthening the discipline character of class X students in planning, namely the preparation of the Learning Implementation Plan (RPP). In the implementation of strengthening the character of discipline according to the Learning Implementation Plan (RPP), which was previously designed. These include preliminary activities, core activities, and closing activities. In addition, teachers make learning contracts in learning, habituation of teachers by giving good examples, students can behave politely, be disciplined and dress neatly, and give rewards to students in the form of grades or points and words of praise. Constraints experienced by Civics teachers in strengthening the character of discipline are the lack of self-awareness of students and the influence of the unfavorable community environment. The solution to overcome the obstacles to strengthening the character of discipline is to provide advice and provide punishment in the form of memorizing short chapters of chapter 30 and Pancasila.</em></p> Lucyana Varda Oksiana Jatiningsih ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 337 351 Strategi Sekolah dalam Penguatan Nilai-Nilai Religius pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19 di SMA Al-Islam Krian https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/49130 <p><em>Religious values ​​are very important for students as the next generation of the nation as a sign of good behavior in accordance with religious law in facing the challenges of global life. This study aims to describe school strategies and obstacles in strengthening the religious values ​​of students during the Covid-19 pandemic at Al-Islam Krian High School. This research method uses a qualitative approach with a descriptive design. Data obtained through observation, interviews, and documentation. The informants of this research were the Principal, PAI Teacher, PPKn Teacher, and BK Teacher who were determined based on purposive sampling technique. The results showed that the school's strategy in strengthening the religious values ​​of students was carried out by habituation of order, habituation of religious activities, extracurricular activities, giving religious knowledge and good behavior, and providing real examples or examples. The obstacles experienced by schools are the neglect of students' parents, the uncontrolled use of students' social media by the school, and the nature of the students themselves. This study was analyzed using Ivan Pavlov's theory of behaviorism, namely the habituation of activities carried out repeatedly and accompanied by reinforcement by the school will be able to produce the behavior of students who have religious values ​​in relation to God and fellow human beings.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em>&nbsp;&nbsp;strategy, school, religious values.</em></p> Nindy Puspitasari I Made Suwanda ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 320 336