Kajian Moral dan Kewarganegaraan https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa <p>Kajian Moral dan Kewarganegaraan is an online journal published by the Study Program of Pancasila and Citizenship Education (PPKn) of the PMP-KN Department, Faculty of Social Sciences and Law (FISH) Universitas Negeri Surabaya. The journal, which was previously published three times a year, has been published four times a year since 2022, namely in February, May, August, and November. It contains research results in the fields of citizenship, education, ideology, politics, social affairs, humanities, values, and morals.</p> en-US oksianajatiningsih@unesa.ac.id (Oksiana Jatiningsih) listyaningsih@unesa.ac.id (Listyaningsih) Wed, 05 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 PERKAWINAN DI BAWAH UMUR DALAM PERSEPSI PELAKUNYA DI KECAMATAN CERME KABUPATEN GRESIK https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/52284 <p><em>Marriage is closely related to aspects of tradition, culture, economic factors, self-will, encouragement from parents, and so on. The results of the initial observations that the researchers made showed that couples who entered into underage marriages were due to various reasons, such as choosing to get married without coercion from their parents on the grounds that they love each other. There are also those who enter into underage marriages because they become pregnant out of wedlock as a result of promiscuity. The formulation of the problem in this research is how are the perceptions of underage actors about marriage. This study aims to reveal the perceptions of perpetrators of marriage about underage marriages. The focus of this research is to reveal the perceptions of underage actors about marriage. The basis of this research is the theory of Gestalt perception. The theory of perception is defined as the process of receiving stimulation through the advanced senses of an individual in selecting from information and experience which is then interpreted in order to make individual perceptions. The method applied to this research is descriptive qualitative research. The research informants were taken based on the classification, namely there were two underage marriage actors based on the economic level of the middle and upper families and pregnant out of wedlock, two perpetrators of underage marriages based on the level of higher education with the economic level of the middle and lower families, nine perpetrators of underage marriages based on love each other and the desire to marry at a young age, so that in this study 13 underage marriage actors were needed as key informants who married when they were under 20 years old. The location in this study was in Cerme District, Gresik Regency.</em><em> Information collection techniques used are observation and in-depth interviews. The results of this study indicate that the perceptions of perpetrators of underage marriages are influenced by both internal and external factors. Internal factors are usually influenced by parental encouragement, self-will, or some things that require marriage to occur, such as getting pregnant out of wedlock. While external factors are influenced by peers, information media, community environment. The research results obtained from interviews with perpetrators who entered into underage marriages explained that the dream of having a beautiful marriage was wrong, after getting married of course there are many needs that make it stressful. There are some couples who think that getting married is so that their needs are met, but in fact some couples are of the view that after marriage there are many rules, marriage makes life prosperous. The suggestion in this study is that there is a need to socialize the age of marriage policy in Cerme District to parents in order to prevent conditions that can trigger their children to enter into underage marriages through meetings or at social gatherings for mothers in the Cerme District.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>: perpetrators, perceptions, underage marriages</em></p> Nurul Isla Miyah, Oksiana Jatiningsih (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/52284 Wed, 05 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0000 MENGUJI WAWASAN KEBANGSAAN MASYARAKAT DALAM ACARA “JAPAN NIGHT FESTIVAL” https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/52421 <p><em>The aim of this research is to assess the level of public concern for the image of Indonesia to be maintained through national insight knowledge, as well as to provide solutions or answers regarding the control of cosplay culture so that it can coexist with the distinctive characteristics. Additionally, individuals or communities who enjoy cosplay culture can still be respected or not receive negative stigma. The research method used is location survey where the researcher directly observes the event location and collects data through interviews with several respondents. The approach used to collect data is random (simple random sampling), where the sample members are taken randomly from the population without considering the strata in the population. The research sample object is the entire community attending the "Japan Night Festival" event at JX International Expo (Jatim Expo), Jl. Ahmad Yani no. 99, Surabaya on Saturday, April 8, 2023. The data is processed simply using percentage formulas and then visualized into frequency and pie charts. The results of observations and interviews with several respondents at the event show a lack of knowledge about national insight, but the community still has a high awareness and enthusiasm for maintaining the image of Indonesia through government-supported programs that strengthen national insight, which are adapted into local anime animation festivals and cosplay. This is the solution provided by the researcher. The implications that can be obtained if this program can be realized include maintaining the existence of national values and nationalism in society, increasing the tourism sector and the economy through domestic promotion by emphasizing local elements, and balancing local entertainment/culture with Japan. </em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Ahmad Al-Hakim Aura Alam, Rishad Daristama Baihaqi, Kinanti Resmi Hayati (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/52421 Wed, 05 Jul 2023 08:31:00 +0000 The DISCOURSE OF RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE ON TIKTOK ACCOUNT @dasadlatifofficial UPLOADS https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/54719 <p><em>TikTok account @dasadlatifofficial belongs to a popular scholar in Indonesia namely Ustadz Dr. H. Das'ad Latif who is also a lecturer, businessman, and actively contributes da'wah to political and government agencies. In one of the uploads on the TikTok account, it discusses religious tolerance which has been seen by many users and received many responses from netizens in the comments column. This research focuses on how the discourse on religious tolerance is carried out by the owner of the TikTok account @dasadlatifofficial. The theory used in answering the formulation of the problem is Discourse theory put forward by Nourman Fairclough which views discourse as a social practice is part of society. This study uses the research method Critical Discourse Analysis (AWK) or Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) with Nourman Fairclough's model. The data collection technique used was documentation which was analyzed using the Fairclough analysis model based on three dimensions namely Microstructural (Text Analysis), Mesostructural (Discourse Practice Analysis), and Macrostructural (Socio-Cultural Practice Analysis). The results of the study show that the discourse on religious tolerance carried by the @dasadlatifofficial account is that religious tolerance is an attitude that gives freedom to religious people without interfering with one another. Religious tolerance shows an attitude of respect for the existence of other different religions. Religious tolerance is also an attitude of accepting differences or commonly known as principles (agree in disagreement). Making discourse is based on Islamic ideology as a rationale and utilizing the development of the TikTok application as a means of dissemination. This also shows that religious people can also be good citizens, including in efforts to maintain unity in Indonesia</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>: Critical Discourse Analysis, Religious Tolerance, Social Media.&nbsp;&nbsp; </em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Yuni Ayu Christanty (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/54719 Sun, 16 Jul 2023 21:03:53 +0000 PENGARUH METODE PROBING PROMTING PENGARUH METODE PROBING PROMTING TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR PESERTA DIDIK PADA MATA PELAJARAN PENDIDIKAN PANCASILA DI SMA NEGERI 17 SURABAYA https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/55678 <p><em>&nbsp;This study aims to examine the effect of applying the Probing Prompting method to student learning outcomes. This type of research is Quasy experiment with Nonequivalent Control Group Design. From a population of 319 students, samples were obtained using the cluster random sampling method, consisting of 70 respondents from class X-3 as the control group and X-9 as the experimental group. The research data was obtained by administering multiple choice tests pretest and posttest. The learning outcomes referred to are cognitive aspects with a focus on Higher Order Thinking Skills. Data analysis was carried out using IBM SPSS Statistics version 26. This study used the Mann-Whitney Non-parametric t test with the result Asymp.Sing (2 - tailed) 0.029 &lt;0.05, so the hypothesis was accepted. Thus it can be concluded that there is an influence of the Probing Promting learning method on student learning outcomes in class X Pancasila Education at SMA Negeri 17 Surabaya. The influence of the Probing Promting method in this study was 0.51.</em></p> Miftakhul Hidayah, Listyaningsih Listyaningsih (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/55678 Wed, 02 Aug 2023 08:03:07 +0000 UPAYA ORGANISASI IPNU IPPNU DALAM MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN BERFIKIR KRITIS ANGGOTA DI KECAMATAN NGRONGGOT KABUPATEN NGANJUK https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/55365 <p><em>This study aims to analyze the organizational efforts of the Branch Children's Association (PAC) of the Nahdlatul Ulama Student Association (IPNU) of the Nahdlatul Ulama Student Association (IPPNU) in improving the critical thinking skills of members in Ngronggot sub-district, Nganjuk district. Critical thinking is thinking that can be digested by reason and reflective that focuses on decision-making patterns about what to believe. In the IPNU IPPNU Ngronggot PAC organization, there are several activities that are considered capable of improving critical thinking skills. These activities broadly consist of three types of activities, namely cadre activities, training activities, and discussion activities which researchers then analyze based on Ennis' (1996) theory of critical thinking elements, namely Focus, Reason, Inference, Situation, Clarity, Overview which is commonly abbreviated as FRISCO. The method used in this research is qualitative research with data collection techniques of observation, interviews, and documentation. As for the informants in this study are the Chairperson of PAC IPPNU Ngronggot, Secretary, WAKA department of Cadre, Organization, and Department of Networking Boarding Schools and Schools. To strengthen the research, the researcher conducted an interview with one of the members and alumni of PAC IPNU IPPNU Ngronggot.</em> <em>The conclusion of this research is that cadre activities, training activities, discussion activities are able to improve critical thinking skills by using the FRISCO critical thinking elements from Ennis (1996), although less than perfect. The results in this study are expected to be able to provide benefits and contributions in efforts to improve critical thinking skills in the organizational environment and can increase knowledge about critical thinking efforts for writers and readers in general.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Irma Khoirun Nisa (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/issue/view/2877 https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/55365 Fri, 18 Aug 2023 03:29:24 +0000 UPAYA FORUM KOMUNIKASI MASYARAKAT PEDULI LINGKUNGAN DALAM MEMPERJUANGKAN PEMENUHAN HAK ATAS PEKERJAAN https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/56060 <p><em>This research analyzes the efforts of the Selok Awar-awar Village Environmental Care Community Communication Forum in obtaining the Right to Work after the illegal iron mine caused severe environmental damage. The research location is Selok Awar-awar Village, Pasirian District, Lumajang Regency. Using a research method with a qualitative approach and case study research design. This research focuses on the efforts made by the forum to regain their jobs after the illegal iron sand mine in the village and the obstacles experienced by the forum when seeking this. Data collection techniques include observation, interviews and documentation. The theory used is Biddle and Thomas' theory, which is about the role of a person, group of people, or organization in influencing other groups to follow the norms that apply in society. The results of this study show that the Selok Awar-awar Village Environmental Care Community Communication Forum has attempted to fight for the Right to Work by restoring the function of rice fields and improving the Watu Pecak Beach tourism area. The obstacles experienced by the forum are security and capital to start a new business.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong> <em>Forum Efforts, Employment, Environmental Care</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Ervina Desy Nurmasari, Rr Nanik Setyowati (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/index https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/56060 Fri, 18 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 PERAN KOMUNITAS DONASI KREASI DALAM MEMBANGUN KEPEDULIAN SOSIAL WARGA WIYUNG KOTA SURABAYA https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/55903 <p><em>This study aims to describe the role of the Creative Donation Community in building social care for Wiyung residents in Surabaya. This type of research is qualitative with descriptive method. The theory used in this study is the role theory of Biddle and Thomas. In Biddle and Thomas role theory, there are five types of behavioral roles in society, namely expectation, norm, performance, evaluation, and sanction. Data collection techniques in this study used participatory observation, interviews, documentation and data analysis. The informants in this study were six people from one head of the Creative Donation Community and five members of the Creative Donation Community. Informants were determined using a purposive sampling technique. The results of this study indicate that the role of the Creative Donation Community in building social care for Wiyung residents in the city of Surabaya is first by conducting socialization from house to house residents. Second, carry out social activities to set an example for residents. The third invites residents to work together to build reading hurts.The fourth invites residents to help other residents affected by the disaster. Fifth, foster a positive image of citizens in various social activities.</em></p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> <em>Role, Community Creative Donation, Social Care</em></p> Novalita Kristiawardani, Listyaningsih Listyaningsih (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/issue/view/2877 https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/55903 Fri, 18 Aug 2023 04:11:01 +0000 PENGARUH PENERAPAN MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN LUDO PINTAR (LUPIN) TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SISWA DALAM MATA PELAJARAN PPKN DI SMP AL-AMIN SURABAYA https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/56353 <p><em>Students have different learning interests. Students with high learning intelerst tend to be diligent and enthusiastic in learning. Whereas on the contrary, students with low learning interest tend to be lazy. This caouses teachers to have higher reasons for using instructional imedia iin ithe iteaching iand ilearning iprocess iin iorder ito iattract ithe ienthusiasm iof istudents ito ibe imore iinterested iin ilearning. iThis iresearch iwas iconducted ito idetermine ithe ieffect iof iusing ithe ilearning imedia i“</em>Ludo<em> i</em>Pintar<em> i(</em>Lupin<em>)” ion istudents ilearning ioutcomes iat i</em>SMP<em> i</em>Al<em>-</em>Amin<em> i</em>Surabaya<em>. iThe iresearch iused iis ia iquantitative istudy iwith ia iQuasi-experimental imethod iwith ia iNonequivalent icontrol igroup idesign. iThe ipopulation iin ithis istudy iwhere iall i8 igrede istudents iat i</em>SMP<em> i</em>Al<em>-</em>Amin<em> iSurabaya, iwith ithe isamples ibeing iclass i8A ias ithe icontrol iclass iand iclass i8B ias ithe iexperimental iclass. iThe isample ibetween ithe icontrol iclass iand ithe iexperimental iclass iamounted ito i25 istudents ieach. iThe ialternative ihypothesis i(Ha) iused iis ithay ithere iis ia isignificant iinfluence ifrom ithe iuse iof ilearning imedia i“</em>Ludo<em> i</em>Pintar<em> i(</em>Lupin<em>)” ion istudent ilearning ioutcomes iin i</em>PPKn<em>. iThe iexisting idata iwere ithen icarried iout ia it-test iwith ithe iresults ishowing ithat iHa iwas iaccepted iand iHo iwas irejected, iwhich imeans ithat ithere iwas ian ieffect iof ithe iuse iof ithe ilearning imedia i“</em>Ludo<em> i</em>Pintar<em> i(</em>Lupin<em>)” ion istudent ilearning ioutcomes iin iclass i8B iat i</em>SMP<em> i</em>Al<em>-</em>Amin<em> i</em>Surabaya<em>.</em></p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> <em>learning media,learning outcomes, Lupin(Ludo Pintar</em></p> Nofan Maldini, Listyaningsih Listyaningsih (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/56353 Mon, 21 Aug 2023 01:50:00 +0000 PERAN GURU PPKn SEBAGAI MOTIVATOR DALAM PEMBENTUKAN KARAKTER TANGGUNGJAWAB PESERTA DIDIK DI SMAN 16 SURABAYA https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/56401 <p><em>This study describes the role of Civics teacher as a motivator in the formation of students' responsibility character. The location of this research is SMAN 16 Surabaya, using a research method with a qualitative approach and descriptive research design. This research focuses on the role of Civics teachers in the formation of the character of responsibility in students with the application of the independent curriculum. The data collection techniques used are observation, interviews and documentation. Using B.F Skinner's Behaviorism learning theory where it is explained that learning is a change in behavior as a result of the interaction between stimulus and response. The results of this study indicate that the role of the teacher as a motivator in shaping the character of responsibility in students at SMAN 16 Surabaya is by (1) Providing positive reinforcement in the form of giving awards or rewards (2) Providing negative reinforcement in the form of punishment. The supporting factor for the implementation of these activities is a conducive classroom atmosphere or condition, then the inhibiting factor is when students still often underestimate the learning process delivered by the teacher because what students feel coming to school is just attendance. The obstacle is the dependence of students on their parents so that it hinders the process of forming the character of responsibility in students.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Key Words : </em></strong><em>Role</em><em>, </em><em>Character</em><em>, </em><em>Responsibility</em><em>.</em></p> Miftahul Akbar Nurrohman (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/56401 Mon, 21 Aug 2023 04:21:24 +0000 Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Blended Pada Mata Pelajaran PPKn Di MAN 1 Magetan Sebagai Solusi Dari Pembelajaran Di Masa Pandemi Covid-19 https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/56697 <p><em>The implementation of distance learning which has been carried out online from the beginning of the pandemic to the present, is feared to be a negative influence on the social aspects of student. Therefore, there is a need for innovation in the implementation of learning, which at first was purely online into collaborative learning offline (face to face) or commonly referred to as Blended Learning. </em><em>This study aims to determine the success of applying the blended learning model to PPKn subjects at MAN 1 Magetan as a learning solution during the Covid-19 pandemic. This research is a qualitative research with a descriptive statistical approach. The results showed that before the application of blended learning there were only 19 students who were able to achieve KKM or class completeness of only 57.58%. After implementing blended learning, there was an increase in students' understanding of Civics learning material. Student test results showed that there were 30 students who were able to achieve the KKM. Acquisition of the percentage of classical completeness score is 90.91, where the percentage of classical completeness of student learning is above 80 and is included in the very good category. Based on this, the application of the blended learning model in Civics subjects at MAN 1 Magetan can be a solution for learning during the Covid-19 pandemic.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> Blended Learning, Civics, Learning Solution</em></p> Pingkan Feby Nur Haidha (Author) ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-kewarganegaraa/article/view/56697 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 14:04:43 +0000