LITERA KULTURA : Journal of Literary and Cultural Studies <p><em>Litera Kultura: Journal of Literary and Cultural Studies </em>is a publication that publishes issues about literary works and cultures. This quarterly publishes essays that apply critical theories to analyze literature and popular culture in April, August, and December.</p> The English Department, Faculty of Languages and Arts, Universitas Negeri Surabaya en-US LITERA KULTURA : Journal of Literary and Cultural Studies 2356-2714 Nora Seed's Will to Survive in Matt Haig's The Midnight Library <p>Suicide has been widely discussed in literary studies whereas suicide attempt is rarely being addressed; not to mention, its survivors. Similar to other critical situations, in surviving a suicide attempt, one must, before all else, cultivate a willingness to survive. The current study aimed to analyze Nora Seed’s will to survive against suicide crisis in <em>the Midnight Library</em> by Matt Haig by exploring her survival type and psychological strengths. Using humanistic psychological viewpoint particularly Ben Sherwood’s Survivals Club (2009) theory, this paper asserts that Nora’s willingness to survive is rooted and displayed through several mental qualities such as resilience, tenacity, hope, purpose, and love. The findings suggested that first, Nora Seed’s tendency categorized her into the Fighter, the Connector, and the Believer. Secondly, her will to survive was realized by several mental strengths namely Resilience, Tenacity, Purpose, Love, Empathy, Hope, Instinct, and Intelligence.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Suicide Attempt, Survivors, Will to Survive, Ben Sherwood, Humanistic Psychology</p> Pingkan Imansari ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-07-28 2023-07-28 11 2 13 20 10.26740/lk.v11i2.55662 Denial as Fundamental of Alyssa’s Identity Development in Chasing Amy (1997) <p>The impact of denial and social influences on bisexual identity development is explored in the film <em>Chasing Amy</em> (1997). The study examines the character of Alyssa and her journey as a bisexual woman using a theoretical framework based on Freudian defences, identity development models and social identity theories. Significant conclusions about the delicate relationship between denial and identity development are drawn from a careful analysis of the film, including dialogue and gestures. Alyssa's tragic history informs her use of denial as a defensive technique, resulting in the repression of painful memories and feelings that hinder her acceptance and integration of her bisexuality. The study also explores the impact of socio-cultural influences on Alyssa's identity negotiation process. Cultural expectations, prejudices and stereotypes about bisexuality create a constant contradiction between her actual experiences and societal norms. This persistence of binary thinking makes it difficult for Alyssa to negotiate her identity and find self-acceptance. The findings add to the body of knowledge on denial and identity development, particularly in the context of bisexuality. They highlight the need to create welcoming and accepting environments that encourage the discovery and acceptance of diverse sexual orientations and identities. This research has implications for counselling and support services by highlighting the need to address denial and societal factors in therapeutic approaches. It also argues for societal changes that promote the acceptance and affirmation of multiple identities. This study offers significant perspectives on the intricate interplay between denial, and the development of identity. The statement underscores the importance of establishing conditions that facilitate individual development and self-validation, while also expanding our comprehension of the challenges individuals encounter as they navigate their sense of self.</p> LALU ZULHI YAMAMIARTHA ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-07-28 2023-07-28 11 2 1 12 10.26740/lk.v11i2.55815 Anna Fox’s Agoraphobia in Joe Wright’s The Woman in the Window <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>The research aims to analyze agoraphobia in a movie called <em>The Woman in The Window</em>. The researcher chooses the topic that contains agoraphobia disorder that has suffered by the main character, Anna Fox. This research is a qualitative descriptive study and uses analytical techniques and then describes it. The data is taken from the movie entitled <em>The Woman in The Window</em> by Joe Wright. The focus in this research is the symptoms and effect that caused by agoraphobia that leads to PTSD. This research explains how the main character, Anna Fox, shows her agoraphobia in the movie and the connection to the PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder).</p> <p><strong>Keyword</strong>: agoraphobia, PTSD, movie, main character.</p> Nabila Ghasani Ciliano Putri ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-08-02 2023-08-02 11 2 29 36 10.26740/lk.v11i2.53124 Magical Realism in Jean-Pierre Jeunet’s Amèlie (2001) <p>Magical realism started to be loved in the field of movies. One of the movies that adopts magical realism elements is Jean-Pierre Jeunet’s <em>Amélie</em>. <em>Amélie </em>is a movie that tells the life story of a woman named Amélie Poulin who has lived in loneliness since she was a child until one day, she finds a childhood treasure box hidden behind the wall of her apartment which then takes her on an adventure that can change her life. Amélie’s life journey, which is filled with things beyond reason, makes the theory of magical realism by Wendy B. Faris that contains irreducible elements, phenomenal world, unsettling doubt, merging realism, and disruption of time, space, and identity is appropriate. In addition, this research will also analyze the relation of each magical realism in supporting the theme of the movie by using Maggie Ann Bowers theory. The result of this study reveal that magical realism in this movie is depicted through the imagination and unique traits of the characters and also through the events experienced by the characters. In addition, the magical realism elements in the movie used to elaborate the theme of the movie which is loneliness and the journey of happiness or self-discovery.</p> Nurul Izza Mulyani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-07-29 2023-07-29 11 2 21 28 10.26740/lk.v11i2.56378