LITERA KULTURA : Journal of Literary and Cultural Studies <p><em>Litera Kultura: Journal of Literary and Cultural Studies</em> is an online journal published by English Literature Study Program, Faculty of Languages and Arts, Universitas Negeri Surabaya&nbsp;</p> The English Department, Faculty of Languages and Arts, Universitas Negeri Surabaya en-US LITERA KULTURA : Journal of Literary and Cultural Studies 2356-2714 WOMAN’S RIGHT DETERMINED BY BELLE’S ACTIONS IN "BEAUTY AND THE BEAST" BY GABRIELLE SUZANNE BARBOT <p>Beauty and the Beast by Gabrielle Suzanne Barbot is a novel that tells the story of the love story of a beautiful girl named Belle and a creature with an ugly face. In every journey of their love there are many obstacles that stand in their way, in which one of the actions of a young man named Gaston. Gaston is someone who has high ambitions to possess Belle, which causes him to do various ways to win Belle's heart and steal Belle from the Beast. But Belle was never surrender, she did various ways to fail Gaston by taking various actions to get her right in choosing who she married and defeating Gaston. This study aims to discuss the actions of a woman who fight for her rights. Which is Belle is the main character in this research.</p> <p><strong>Keyword :</strong> Beauty and The Beast, Woman’s Right, Belle</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Nella Permata Hadi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-06-13 2021-06-13 9 1 1 8 10.26740/lk.v9i1.39776 Birds Of Prey: Revealing Harley’s Behavior Exercise Her Agency <p>The injustice toward women in society affected the work of women’s agency. Some studies believe that women are easier to get injustice in society use to the stereotyping between men and women. The domination of men in society putting them in higher level than women. Women’s agency doesn’t depict well in society that is why women are fighting more to get back their agency. Appoint to the concept of women’s agency, this paper will discusses about a movie with title <em>Birds of Prey </em>written by female writer, Christina Hodson. The data of this paper taken by analysis on the movie directly, concerning the cinematography, and consideration of each scene and script. <em>Brids of Prey </em>casted by many female characters that come up as the main and supporting characters. Main character of this movie is exercise her agency in her environment is hardly to fight, and the character of hers already labelled as a rebellion person in her society so she has to fight for her agency. For another female characters, the way of they fight for their agency are dissimilar to each other yet with the same case they face. The result is those female character in movie <em>Birds of Prey </em>are joining hands to fight altogether their agency and show that women are not that weak.</p> <p>Keywords: Agency, Feminist, Cinematography</p> Haya Latul Qodarain ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-16 2021-07-16 9 1 9 16 10.26740/lk.v9i1.40670 The Representation of Literacy as Salvation in Peter Weir's Dead Poets Society <p>Literacy is usually understood as the cognitive ability to read and write. The theme of literacy is rarely used in literary works. Literacy can be represented in various forms, one of which is literacy as a salvation. The study aims to reveal how literacy serves as healing and leads to salvation. New Literacy Studies (NLS) perspective of literacy as social practice is used as a conceptual framework. The purpose of this study is to present a representation of literacy as a salvation on the character of Neil in the film <em>Dead Poets Society</em>. The focus of this study is on the main character named Neil Perry who is a student who lives in a family that demands him to be what his parents want him to be. Then there was one teacher named John Keating who taught them about poetry and its application in life. A poetry community that has an impact on the lives of students where literacy as a salvation is the main topic that will be studied. This study uses the New Literacy Studies Theory (Street, 2003) to be realized in the film. The results of the study show that literacy can be a salvation for Neil Perry.</p> Ajeng Eka Noviyanty ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-17 2021-07-17 9 1 17 22 10.26740/lk.v9i1.41305 COMPARISON BETWEEN LIVE-ACTION AND ANIMATION VERSION OF DISNEY MULAN USING DISNEY FORMULA <p><em>Mulan</em>&nbsp;is a movie that has two versions in animation and live-action. This research aims to reveal the similarities and differences between both versions using the Disney formula. To show the problem of this research, it uses the Disney formula by Xu and Tian (2013). As the study results, good and bad characters can identify the visual image through behavior and dialogue. The helper is not only for the heroin, but the enemy also gets a helper in live-action. The love line in the live-action version is bittersweet. The theme song is the same, jokes, the stars, and the voice is original by the stars. The stars that appear in both versions are different. Disney used Mulan’s story using the Disney formula to create similarities and differences in both versions.&nbsp;</p> Berlian Puspa Negara ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-28 2021-07-28 9 1 23 29 10.26740/lk.v9i1.40709 THE RACISM AND RESISTANCE STRATEGIES IN AMMA ASANTE’S MOVIE WHERE HANDS TOUCH (2018) <p>This study discusses the representation of racism and the types of resistance strategies to counter racist acts in the movie Where Hands Touch by Amma Asante. The focus of this research is on the main character, Leyna who is of mixed black and white descent. Black people who were not accepted in society in the Nazi era are a major problem to research. In the film Leyna gets racist acts because she has black ancestry. This study uses the Critical Race Theory by Richard Delgado and Jean Stefancic (2001) and Resistance Strategies concept by Shorter-Gooden (2004) to be related to the data in the movie. The results of the study show that Leyna experiences 6 types of racism-- Everyday Racism; Material Determinism; Social Construction; Differential Racialization; Intersectionality; and Voice Color --based on the Critical Race Theory by Ricard Delgado and Jean Stefancic and uses 3 types of resistance strategies - Internal Source, External Source, and Specific Resistance - for resist racism.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Black people, Racism, Resistance Strategies.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Zeni Zanuba Fazriyah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-08-07 2021-08-07 9 1 38 46 10.26740/lk.v9i1.39690 PATRIARCHY AND WOMEN’S SUBORDINATION: STUDY OF NYAI ONTOSOROH IN PRAMOEDYA ANANTA TOER’S THIS EARTH OF MANKIND” <p>This study analyzes patriarchy and women's subordination in the Novel <em>“This Earth of Mankind”</em> written by Pramoedya Ananta Toer. Colonialism brought patriarchal status and women's subordination to indigenous women, while patriarchy gave women the lowest authority and authority. Nyai Ontosoroh is a native Javanese woman; her husband is Dutch, who lived and was part of the Dutch colonialism. She was a mistress who sold to Dutch shows. This study aimed to explore the patriarchal status and subordination of women during the Dutch colonial era described by Nyai Ontosoroh in Pramoedya Ananta Toer's novel <em>“This Earth of Mankind”</em> and to reveal the patriarchal and female factors that occur in the protagonist in this novel. The data source is the historical novel by Pramodedya Ananta Toer entitled<em> "This Earth of Mankind</em>." The research analysis was carried out using the theoretical concept of feminism, which states that patriarchy is a term used to determine the subordination status of women. The findings revealed that throughout the Dutch colonial era, Nyai Ontosoroh encountered patriarchy and women's perceptions toward the law. The study also reveals that the Dutch are affected by factors that might still contribute to patriarchy and women. Despite the fact that Nyai Ontosoroh has repeatedly disobeyed Dutch law, she is simply an indigenous woman who is subjected to a patriarchal and subordinate system that has nothing to do with Dutch colonization. As a result, she was treated unfairly and was forced to submit to Dutch authority, which lost both her business and her daughter.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: <em>patriarchy, women’s subordination, this earth of mankin</em><em>d</em></p> mei handayani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-08-07 2021-08-07 9 1 30 37 10.26740/lk.v9i1.42474 SELF ESTEEM IN MEDELEINE L’ENGLE’S A WRINKLE IN TIME <p>This study aims to analyze the process of achieving human needs by Meg Murry and its influencing factors. Abraham H. Maslow's hierarchy of human needs is the main theoretical basis for this research. This research uses textual information in the novel as a basis, which makes this research a descriptive qualitative study. The main data in this study are A Wrinkle in Time by Madeleine L'Engle and journal articles as supporting material. The research was conducted by analyzing the process to get the peak of human needs with the hierarchy theory of human needs and the supporting factors. This research focuses on the time travel of Meg, Charles, and Calvin to save Meg and Charles' father who are trapped in a parallel world. The result of this research is that Meg has succeeded in fulfilling the self esteem needs with the help of family, friends, and the right environment. Meg also realizes that the flaws she has are not always an obstacle to loving herself.</p> Aillen Robiatul Adawiyah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-08-07 2021-08-07 9 1 47 54 10.26740/lk.v9i1.40529 UNVEILING THE CHIEF ELDER’S POLITICAL POWER IN LOIS LOWRY’S THE GIVER <p>Abstrak&nbsp;</p> <p>Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk meninjau lebih lanjut tentang kepribadian dari karakter The Chief Elder. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif untuk mencari data. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan merupakan instrumen nontes. Studi ini menggunakan kekuatan politik Machiavelli sebagai teori utama untuk menganalisis cara The Chief Elder dalam mengatur komunitas serta menjelaskan karakter menggunakan teori karakter dan karakterisasi Joseph M. Boggs dan Dennis W. Petrie. Hasilnya mengungkapkan bahwa The Chief Elder adalah seorang perfeksionis yang tidak percaya pada apa pun yang jauh dari kesempurnaan. The Chief Elder percaya bahwa sifat manusia akan menghancurkan konsep tentang perdamaian yang tak terpatahkan. Karena kepribadian perfeksionis Ketua Tertua, dia menjadi pesimis, dan dia menggunakan kekuasannya untuk mengatur komunitas. Meski begitu, kekuatan The Chief Elder tidak cukup untuk menghasilkan hasil yang memadai. Karena ketidakpercayaannya pada sifat alamiah manusia, dia hanya memiliki kekuasaan yang sementara.</p> <p>Kata Kunci: karakter, karakterisasi, politik kekuasaan.</p> <p>Abstract</p> <p>The purpose of the research was to learn more about The Chief Elder's personality traits. The qualitative descriptive method was used in this study. The research instrument employed in this study was a non-test instrument. This study uses Machiavelli's political power as the major theory to assess The Chief Elder's methods of community control after explaining the character using Joseph M. Boggs and Dennis W. Petrie's character and characterization theory. The outcome reveals that The Chief Elder is a perfectionist who does not believe in anything less than perfection. The Chief Elder believes that human nature will demolish her idea of an unbreakable peace. Because of the Chief Elder's perfectionist personality, she becomes a pessimist, and she uses her influence to govern the community. Nonetheless, The Chief Elder's strength is insufficient to deliver adequate results. Due to her distrust in human nature, she only has temporary power.<br>Keywords: character, characterization, political power.</p> Anggie Yulia Miftahul Jannah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-08-07 2021-08-07 9 1 55 62 10.26740/lk.v9i1.40674 LITERACY AND SOCIAL MOBILITY IN CHIMAMANDA NGOZIE ADICHIE’S THE HALF OF A YELLOW SUN <p>Literacy is one of the important skills in order to survive in the society. Having high literacy skills means having a big opportunity to has a good status in the public. With the help of education, it is possible to achieve that. However, there are some conditions that it is difficult to access, such as a war. This kind of situation is nicely depicted in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s <em>The Half of a Yellow Sun</em>. Thus, this study is conducted to analyze how literacy practices could affect the social status in a society in <em>The Half of a Yellow Sun</em>. This research emphasizes into two problems (1) how the social mobility is depicted in the story and (2) how the concept of social mobility shaped by literacy practice that the characters experienced. This study employs Pitirim A. Sorokin’s theory of social mobility in order to elaborate how literacy skills could affect status in the society. The result shows that there are two types of social mobility that portrayed in the story. The first type is horizontal social mobility. The second is vertical social mobility, there are two types of it which are social climbing and social sinking. Finally, literacy is the main reason of this social mobility shifting.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> <em>Literacy, social mobility</em></p> Rizky Nur Octavia Maharani Sudarmono ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-08-07 2021-08-07 9 1 63 70 10.26740/lk.v9i1.42565