PELANGGARAN PRINSIP KERJA SAMA DALAM DONGENG DIE BREMER STADTMUSIKANTEN, FUNDEVOGEL DAN TISCHCHEN DECK DICH, GOLDESEL, UND KNÜPPEL AUS DEM SACK KARYA BRÜDER GRIMM

  • Sheila Tasya Ajeng Febrizya Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • Rr.Dyah Woroharsi Parnaningroem Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Abstract

As social beings, humans communicate with each other. In communication, it takes at least two people in it, namely the speaker and the speech partner using a language that understands each other. When communicating and the interlocutor without realizing it, they will work together to achieve the goal of a common conversation. This conversational cooperation is manifested in four conversational maxims, namely the maxim of quantity, maxim of quality, maxim of relevance, and maxim of manner. In communicating, partners often convey information that is not based on facts, exaggerates speech, is irrelevant in providing information and conveys information that is vague or ambiguous. This is a violation of the cooperative principle. In the fairy tales the researchers found various kinds of violations of the cooperative principle. Fairy tales can be one of the media in language learning. This can help make it easier to communicate and there are no violations of the principles of cooperation that can lead to awkward and surprising communication. This study aims to describe the violation of the cooperative principle in the fairy tales Die Bremer Stadtmusikanten, Fundevogel and Tischchen deck dich, Goldesel und Knüppel aus dem Sack by Brüder Grimm. The theory applied in this study is the Grice cooperation principle theory in 1989. The results showed that there were 11 data in the fairy tale which resulted in 14 violations of the cooperative principle, namely 3 utterances in the Die Bremer Stadtmusikanten tale, namely 3 violations of the maxim of quantity and 1 violation of the maxim of relevance, The 2 utterances in the Fundevogel tale are 2 violations of the maxim of manner and 6 utterances in the tale of Tischchen deck dich, Goldesel und Knüppel aus dem Sack, namely 5 violations of the maxim of quantity, 1 violation of the maxim of quality and 2 violations of the maxim of relevance. In the tales of Die Bremer Stadtmusikanten and Tischchen deck dich, Goldesel und Knüppel aus dem Sack, there are similarities between the violation of maxim of quantity and maxim of relevance.

Published
2021-06-23
Section
Articles