All articles submitted to Independent: Journal of Economics must be the original work (free of plagiarism). The submitted article has never existed in any media and/or is not being or will be submitted in any medias. The author is responsible for the authenticity of the submitted manuscript. All incoming articles will be checked for authenticity to prevent plagiarism by using Turnitin anti-plagiarism software. Any forms of high-level plagiarism will be banned (temporary up to permanent banned).