PERBEDAAN TINGKAT KEBUGARAN JASMANI SISWA SEBELUM DAN PADA SAAT PANDEMI COVID-19

  • Hingis Moudina Enggar Sukma Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • Setiyo Hartoto Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Abstract

Abstrak

Kebugaran jasmani merupakan keadaan dimana individu dapat mempertahankan kinerja secara optimal dalam segala kondisi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan tingkat kebugaran jasmani siswa sebelum dan pada saat pandemi covid-19.  Pada saat pandemi Covid-19 pemeriksaan kebugaran jasmani juga dilakukan terhadap siswa. Selain itu, pemeriksaan juga dilakukan sebelum pandemi Covid-19 menggunakan metode penelitian studi kasus dengan memanfaatkan data sekunder. Data sekunder yang didapatkan adalah hasil pengukuran kebugaran jasmani siswa oleh guru menggunakan balke test yang selanjutnya dikonversi ke dalam VO2Max sebelum dan pada saat pandemi Covid-19. Populasi penelitian ini adalah peserta didik kelas XI SMA Al Izzah Putra yang berjumlah 99 siswa, teknik sampling yang digunakan adalah purposive sampling sehingga didapatkan kelas XI MIA 3 yang terdiri atas 26 siswa putra. Pada penelitian ini analisis data yang digunakan adalah deskriptif statistik, uji normalitas dengan Kolmogorov-Smirnov, uji beda dengan Wilcoxon. Sebelum pandemi Covid-19 hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rata2 VO2Max sebesar 42,2 mL/kg/min sedangkan pada saat pandemi berlangsung VO2Max sebesar 41,6 mL/kg/min. Perbedaan VO2Max dinyatakan signifikan berdasarkan perhitungan Wilcoxon test dengan nilai sig sebesar 0,011 yang artinya hipotesis nol ditolak karena lebih kecil dari 0,05, sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa ada perbedaan kebugaran siswa sebelum pandemi dan saat pandemi Covid-19 berlangsung. Akan tetapi, berdasarkan mean dari hasil hitung VO2Max1 dengan VO2Max2, kebugaran jasmani siswa naik sebanyak 1,33% pada saat pandemi covid-19.

Kata Kunci: siswa laki-laki SMA; kebugaran jasmani; vo2 max; pandemi covid-19

Abstract

Physical fitness is a condition in which individuals can maintain optimal performance in all conditions. This study aims to determine the differences in the level of physical fitness of students before and during the covid-19 pandemic. During the Covid-19 pandemic, physical fitness checks were also carried out on students. In addition, the examination was also carried out before the Covid-19 pandemic using a case study research method by utilizing secondary data. The secondary data obtained was the result of measuring students' physical fitness by the teacher using a balke test which was then converted into VO2Max before and during the pandemic. Covid-19. The population of this study were students of class XI SMA SMA Al Izzah Putra totaling 99 students, the technique sampling used was purposive sampling so that class XI MIA 3 consisted of 26 male students. In this study, the data analysis used was descriptive statistics, normality test with Kolmogorov-Smirnov, different test with Wilcoxon. Prior to the Covid-19 pandemic, research results showed that the average VO2Max was 42.2 mL/kg/min while during the pandemic VO2Max was 41.6 mL/kg/min. The difference in VO2Max is stated to be significant based on the calculation Wilcoxon test with a sig value of 0.011, which means the null hypothesis is rejected because it is smaller than 0.05, so it can be concluded that there are differences in student fitness before the pandemic and during the Covid-19 pandemic. However, based on the mean of the calculated results of VO2Max1 with VO2Max2, students' physical fitness increased by 1.33% during the covid-19 pandemic.

Keywords: male senior high school students; physical fitness; vo2 max; covid-19 pandemi

 

Published
2021-07-13
Section
Articles