UPAYA MENINGKATKAN KEBUGARAN JASMANI MELALUI AKTIVITAS FISIK HARIAN SELAMA PANDEMI KELAS XI DI SMKN 2 BUDURAN

  • Nova Yogi Prayugo Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • Sasminta Christina Yuli Hartati Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Abstract

Abstrak

Aktivitas fisik menjadi terbatas karena pandemi Covid-19 sehingga diperlukan upaya untuk meningkatkan kebugaran jasmani siswa dengan melakukan aktivitas fisik. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk meningkatkan kebugaran jasmani siswa dengan melakukan aktivitas fisik harian yang dapat dilaksanakan oleh siswa pada masa pandemi. Metode penelitian menggunakan jenis eksperimen semu dengan pendekatan kuantitatif dan desain one group pre-test post-test. Teknik pengambilan data peneliti melakukan pertemuan secara daring dan membagikan kuesioner aktivitas fisik PAQ-A melalui google form. Populasi pada penelitian adalah siswa kelas XI SMK Negeri 2 Buduran dan sampel yang digunakan kelas XI Perbankan berjumlah 30 siswa yang didapatkan melalui simple random sampling. Teknik analisa data menggunakan perhitungan heart rate reserve dan tabulasi persentase. Berdasarkan hasil yang telah dilakukan oleh peneliti didapatkan hasil aktivitas siswa meningkat melalui tugas harian dibuktikan dengan siswa dapat mencapai batas heart rate reserve yang sudah ditentukan dalam  melakukan aktivitas fisik dengan rata-rata denyut nadi 106 kali/menit dan hasil tingkat aktivitas siswa kategori sangat tinggi terdapat 1 siswa (3%), kategori tinggi 5 siswa (17%), kategori sedang 8 siswa (26%), kategori rendah 12 siswa (40%) dan kategori sangat rendah 4 siswa (13,3%). Menurut hasil tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa hasil aktivitas fisik siswa kelas XI di SMKN 2 Buduran berada pada kategori “Rendah”.

Kata Kunci: aktivitas fisik; kebugaran jasmani; pandemi covid-19

Abstract

Physical activity has become limited due to the Covid-19 pandemic, so efforts are needed to improve students' physical fitness by doing physical activity. The purpose of this study is to improve students' physical fitness by doing daily physical activities that can be carried out by students during the pandemic. The research method used a quasi-experimental type with a quantitative approach and a one group pre-test post-test design. The data collection technique used by researchers was to conduct online meetings and distribute PAQ-A physical activity questionnaires via google form. The population in this study were students of class XI SMK Negeri 2 Buduran and the sample used for class XI Banking was 30 students obtained through simple random sampling. The data analysis technique used heart rate reserve calculation and percentage tabulation. Based on the results that have been carried out by researchers, it is found that student activity results increase through daily tasks as evidenced by students being able to reach the heart rate reserve limit that has been determined in carrying out physical activity with an average pulse rate of 106 times / minute and the results of the very high category of student activity levels are 1 student (3%), high category 5 students (17%), medium category 8 students (26%), low category 12 students (40%) and very low category 4 students (13.3%). According to these results, it can be concluded that the results of the physical activity of class XI students at SMKN 2 Buduran are in the "Low" category.

Keywords: physical activity; physical fitness; covid-19 pandemic

 

Published
2021-07-16
Section
Articles