PERILAKU PSIKOPAT JEAN-BAPTISTE GRENOUILLE DALAM DAS PARFUM KARYA PATRICK SÜSKIND
This research uses a qualitative descriptive method and uses a literary psychological approach to abnormal psychology about psychopathic behavior. This research aims to analyze the causes, forms of behavior and characteristics, and consequences of the psychopathic behavior of the character Jean-Baptiste Grenouille in the novel Das Parfum by Patrick Süskind. Psychopaths experienced by Jean-Baptiste Grenouille are some of the main factors, including social factors and early education factors by parents. Social factors and parenting practices affect the development of disorders (psychopathy) which are then expressed in behavior (Hare, 1999: 174). The forms of psychopathic behavior carried out by Grenouille are the twelve characteristics of an individual experiencing psychological disorders in the form of a psychopath proposed by Hare (in Hare, 1999: 31), namely: (1) Glib and superficial; (2) Egocentric and grandiose; (3) Lack of remorse or guilt; (4) Lack of empathy; (5) Deceitful and manipulative; (6) Shallow emotions; (7) Impulsive; (8) Poor behavior control; (9) Need for personal happiness (10) Lack of responsibility; (11) Early behaviour problems; (12) Adult antisocial behavior. The result of Grenouille's psychopathic behavior is that Grenouille creates a terror of fear throughout the city of Grasse because of the death of twenty-four virgin girls by Grenouille. Based on the accumulated evidence used to diagnose Grenouille's personality, it was found that Jean-Baptiste Grenouille suffered from a psychological disorder which in abnormal psychology is classified as a psychopathic disorder.