PENGEMBANGAN LEMBAR KERJA PESERTA DIDIK (LKPD) BERBASIS PENDEKATAN SAINTIFIK PADA PEMBELAJARAN SENI BUDAYA DAN PRAKARYA MATERI MEMBUAT MOTIF HIAS DEKORATIF KELAS III SD

  • rizka amelya Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • suprayitno .

Abstract

Abstrak

Pelaksanaan pembelajaran praktik berkarya seni rupa di kelas tiga sekolah dasar untuk materi membuat karya dekoratif hanya terbatas pada penggunaan bahan, alat, dan teknik yang tersedia. Pendekatan pembelajaran yang diterapkan pun dapat dikatakan kurang bervariasi. Berdasarkan permasalahan tersebut, maka dibutuhkan bahan ajar pendukung berupa lembar kerja peserta didik berbasis pendekatan saintifik untuk pembelajaran seni budaya dan prakarya materi membuat motif hias dekoratif. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan LKPD, mengetahui kelayakan LKPD dan respon peserta didik. Penelitian ini menggunakan model penelitian dan pengembangan ADDIE yang terdiri atas lima tahapan yaitu (1) analisis, (2) desain, (3) pengembangan, (4) pelaksanaan, dan (5) evaluasi. Dikarenakan terjadi pandemi covid-19, maka pelaksanaan penelitian hanya dilakukan sampai pada tahap uji coba kelompok kecil saja yang melibatkan 8 peserta didik kelas tiga SD. Instrumen pengumpulan data menggunakan teknik wawancara, angket, dan dokumentasi. Teknik angket digunakan untuk mengetahui kelayakan LKPD berbasis pendekatan saintifik melalui uji validasi kepada tim ahli validator dan respon peserta didik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa setiap tahapan pengembangan yang ditempuh sangat menentukan kualitas LKPD yang dihasilkan. Berdasarkan hasil validasi produk LKPD diperoleh hasil penilaian ahli materi sebesar 98.9%, ahli desain sebesar 86.6%, dan respon peserta didik sebesar 93.9%. Disimpulkan bahwa tahapan pengembangan model ADDIE relevan digunakan untuk mengembangkan LKPD dan menjawab permasalahan terkait kelayakan LKPD ataupun respon peserta didik sehingga LKPD berbasis pendekatan saintifik tersebut sangat layak dan dapat digunakan sebagai sumber belajar alternatif dalam pembelajaran seni budaya dan prakarya untuk materi karya seni dekoratif.

Kata Kunci: pengembangan, LKPD, pendekatan saintifik, seni budaya dan prakarya, motif hias dekoratif.

Abstract

The implementation of learning the practice of creating fine arts in the third grade of elementary school for learning decorative artworks is limited to the use of available materials, tools and techniques. The learning approach applied can be said to be less varied. Based on these problems, supporting teaching materials in the form of student worksheets based on a scientific approach are needed for learning cultural arts and crafts for making decorative motifs. This study aims to develop students worksheet, determine the feasibility of students worksheet, and measure the response of students. This study uses the ADDIE research and development model which consists of five stages, namely (1)analysis, (2)design, (3)development, (4)implementation, and (5)evaluation. Due to the covid-19 pandemic, the research was only carried out until the small group trial stage which involved 8 third grade students. The data collection instruments used interview techniques, questionnaires, and documentation. The questionnaire technique was used to determine the feasibility of the students worksheet based on a scientific approach through validation tests to the expert team of validators and student responses. The results showed that each stage of development taken would determine the quality of the resulting LKPD. Based on the results of the LKPD product validation, the results of the evaluation of material experts were 98.9%, design experts were 86.6%, and student responses were 93.9%. It was concluded that the development stages of the ADDIE model were relevant to be used to develop LKPD and answer problems related to the feasibility or response of students so that LKPD based on a scientific approach was very feasible and could be used as an alternative learning resource in learning for decorative artwork.

Keywords : development, student worksheet, scientific approach, cultural art and craft, decorative motifs.

 

 

Abstrak

Pelaksanaan pembelajaran praktik berkarya seni rupa di kelas tiga sekolah dasar untuk materi membuat karya dekoratif hanya terbatas pada penggunaan bahan, alat, dan teknik yang tersedia. Pendekatan pembelajaran yang diterapkan pun dapat dikatakan kurang bervariasi. Berdasarkan permasalahan tersebut, maka dibutuhkan bahan ajar pendukung berupa lembar kerja peserta didik berbasis pendekatan saintifik untuk pembelajaran seni budaya dan prakarya materi membuat motif hias dekoratif. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan LKPD, mengetahui kelayakan LKPD dan respon peserta didik. Penelitian ini menggunakan model penelitian dan pengembangan ADDIE yang terdiri atas lima tahapan yaitu (1) analisis, (2) desain, (3) pengembangan, (4) pelaksanaan, dan (5) evaluasi. Dikarenakan terjadi pandemi covid-19, maka pelaksanaan penelitian hanya dilakukan sampai pada tahap uji coba kelompok kecil saja yang melibatkan 8 peserta didik kelas tiga SD. Instrumen pengumpulan data menggunakan teknik wawancara, angket, dan dokumentasi. Teknik angket digunakan untuk mengetahui kelayakan LKPD berbasis pendekatan saintifik melalui uji validasi kepada tim ahli validator dan respon peserta didik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa setiap tahapan pengembangan yang ditempuh sangat menentukan kualitas LKPD yang dihasilkan. Berdasarkan hasil validasi produk LKPD diperoleh hasil penilaian ahli materi sebesar 98.9%, ahli desain sebesar 86.6%, dan respon peserta didik sebesar 93.9%. Disimpulkan bahwa tahapan pengembangan model ADDIE relevan digunakan untuk mengembangkan LKPD dan menjawab permasalahan terkait kelayakan LKPD ataupun respon peserta didik sehingga LKPD berbasis pendekatan saintifik tersebut sangat layak dan dapat digunakan sebagai sumber belajar alternatif dalam pembelajaran seni budaya dan prakarya untuk materi karya seni dekoratif.

Kata Kunci: pengembangan, LKPD, pendekatan saintifik, seni budaya dan prakarya, motif hias dekoratif.

Abstract

The implementation of learning the practice of creating fine arts in the third grade of elementary school for learning decorative artworks is limited to the use of available materials, tools and techniques. The learning approach applied can be said to be less varied. Based on these problems, supporting teaching materials in the form of student worksheets based on a scientific approach are needed for learning cultural arts and crafts for making decorative motifs. This study aims to develop students worksheet, determine the feasibility of students worksheet, and measure the response of students. This study uses the ADDIE research and development model which consists of five stages, namely (1)analysis, (2)design, (3)development, (4)implementation, and (5)evaluation. Due to the covid-19 pandemic, the research was only carried out until the small group trial stage which involved 8 third grade students. The data collection instruments used interview techniques, questionnaires, and documentation. The questionnaire technique was used to determine the feasibility of the students worksheet based on a scientific approach through validation tests to the expert team of validators and student responses. The results showed that each stage of development taken would determine the quality of the resulting LKPD. Based on the results of the LKPD product validation, the results of the evaluation of material experts were 98.9%, design experts were 86.6%, and student responses were 93.9%. It was concluded that the development stages of the ADDIE model were relevant to be used to develop LKPD and answer problems related to the feasibility or response of students so that LKPD based on a scientific approach was very feasible and could be used as an alternative learning resource in learning for decorative artwork.

Keywords : development, student worksheet, scientific approach, cultural art and craft, decorative motifs.

 

 

Published
2020-12-07
Section
Articles
Abstract Views: 553
PDF Downloads: 1545