PENINGKATAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA MENGGUNAKAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN PROBLEM BASED LEARNING DI KELAS VIII SMP

  • Laksmi Hakim Kusuma Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • An Nuril Maulida Fauziah Universitas Negeri Surabaya
Keywords: learning model, problem based learning, student learning outcomes

Abstract

The present research aims to determine student learning outcomes after applying the problem based learning model to material on the human respiratory system. This research followed 32 class VIII students at one of the state junior high schools in Gresik for the 2022/2023 academic year. The design used is one group pretest-posttest design. The analysis technique is analysis of learning outcomes using N-Gain. This research can be concluded, namely that science learning in the human respiratory system material through the application of problem based learning techniques achieves complete learning outcomes in knowledge competency with an average score of 85.6. The increase can be seen in the normalized gain pretest and posttest scores of 0.73 in the high category. Based on the analysis of the normalized gain results and the information presented, it can be concluded that the application of the problem based learning model improves junior high school students' learning outcomes in science subjects on the human respiratory system.

Author Biographies

Laksmi Hakim Kusuma, Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Program Studi S1 Pendidikan IPA, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Negeri Surabaya

An Nuril Maulida Fauziah, Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Program Studi S1 Pendidikan IPA, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Negeri Surabaya

References

Ardianti, R., Sujarwanto, E., & Surahman, E. (2022). Problem based learning: apa dan bagaimana. Diffraction: Journal for Physics Education and Applied Physics, 3(1), 27–35. https://doi.org/10.37058/diffraction.v3i1.4416

Ardianti, S. D., & Raida, S. A. (2022). The effect of project based learning with ethnoscience approach on science conceptual understanding. Journal of Innovation in Educational and Cultural Research, 3(2), 207–214. https://doi.org/10.46843/jiecr.v3i2.89

Astari, F. A., Suroso, S., & Yustinus, Y. (2018). Efektifitas penggunaan model discovery learning dan model problem based learning terhadap hasil belajar IPA siswa kelas 3 SD. Jurnal Basicedu, 2(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.31004/basicedu.v2i1.20

Astika, I. K. U., Suma, I. K., & Suastra, I. W. (2013). Pengaruh model pembelajaran berbasis masalah (problem based learning) terhadap sikap ilmiah dan ketrampilan berpikir kritis. Jurnal Progam Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha Progam Studi IPA, 3(1), 1–10. https://ejournal-pasca.undiksha.ac.id/index.php/jurnal_ipa/article/view/851

Bintari, N. L. G. R. P., Sudiana, I. N., & Putrayasa, I. B. (2014). Pembelajaran bahasa indonesia berdasarkan pendekatan saintifik ( problem based learning ) sesuai Kurikulum 2013 di kelas VII SMP Negeri 2 Amlapura. E- Journal Program Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, 3(1), 1–10. https://ejournal-pasca.undiksha.ac.id/index.php/jurnal_bahasa/article/view/1185

Dayeni, F., Irawati, S., & Yennita. (2017). Peningkatan motivasi dan hasil belajar siswa melalui model problem based learning. Diklabio: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pembelajaran Biologi, 1(1), 29–36. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.33369/diklabio.1.1.28-35

Desriyanti, R., & Lazulva. (2016). Penerapan problem based learning pada pembelajaran konsep hidrolisi garam untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa. JTK (Jurnal Tadris Kimiya), 1(2), 70–78. https://doi.org/10.15575/jta.v1i2.1247

Fauzan, M., Gani, A., & Syukri, M. (2017). Penerapan model problem based learning pada pembelajaran materi sistem tata surya untuk mingkatkan hasil belajar siswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Indonesia, 5(1), 27–35. http://jurnal.unsyiah.ac.id/jpsi

Fitriyani, R., Corebima, A. D., & Ibrohim. (2015). Pengaruh strategi pembelajaran problem based learning dan inkuiri terbimbing terhadap keterampilan metakognitif, berpikir kritis, dan hasil belajar kognitif siswa SMA. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains, 3(4), 186–200. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.17977/jps.v3i4.8170

Gafur, A. (2018). Peningkatan hasil belajar ipa terpadu melalui metode demonstrasi pada siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 2 Sano Nggoang Manggarai Barat Tahun Ajaran 2017/2018. JISIP (Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Pendidikan), 2(1), 144–161. https://doi.org/10.58258/jisip.v2i1.249

Huda, S. T., & Susdarwono, E. T. (2023). Hubungan antara teori perkembangan kognitif piaget dan teori belajar bruner. Jurnal Muassis Pendidikan Dasar, 2(1), 54–66. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.55732/jmpd.v2i1.58

Kusnandar, D., Suprapto, P. K., & Surahman, E. (2020). Pengaruh model pembelajaran problem based learning (PBL) terhadap hasil belajar kognitif dan motivasi belajar pada materi lapisan bumi dan bencana. Jurnal Pf Geography Education Unversitas Siliwangi, 1(1), 6–13. http://jurnal.unsil.ac.id/index.php/geoducation

Maryati, I. (2018). Penerapan model pembelajaran berbasis masalah pada materi pola bilangan di kelas VII sekolah menengah pertama. Mosharafa: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 7(1), 63–74. https://doi.org/10.31980/mosharafa.v7i1.342

Nasution, N., Rahayu, R. F., Yazid, S. T. M., & Amalia, D. (2018). Pengaruh kemandirian belajar terhadap hasil belajar siswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Luar Sekolah, 12(1), 9–14. https://doi.org/10.32832/jpls.v12i1.2879

Novianti, A., Bentri, A., & Zikri, A. (2020). Pengaruh penerapan model problem based learning (PBL) terhadap aktivitas dan hasil belajar siswa pada pembelajaran tematik terpadu di sekolah dasar. Jurnal Basicedu, 4(1), 194–202. https://doi.org/10.31004/basicedu.v4i1.323

Noviar, D., & Hastuti, D. R. (2015). Pengaruh model problem based learning (PBL) berbasis scientific approach terhadap hasil belajar biologi siswa kelas X di SMAN 2 Banguntapan Tahun Ajaran 2014 / 2015. Bioedukasi: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi, 8(2), 42. https://doi.org/10.20961/bioedukasi-uns.v8i2.3874

Nugraha, W. S. (2018). Peningkatan kemampuan berpikir kritis dan penguasaan konsep IPA siswa SD dengan menggunakan model problem based learning. EduHumaniora:Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar Kampus Cibiru, 10(2), 115. https://doi.org/10.17509/eh.v10i2.11907

Nurtanto, M., & Sofyan, H. (2015). Implementasi problem-based learning untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar kognitif, psikomotor, dan afektif siswa di SMK. Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi, 5(3), 352. https://doi.org/10.21831/jpv.v5i3.6489

Paloloang, M. F. B. (2014). Penerapan model problem based learning (PBL) untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa pada materi panjang garis singgung persekutuan dua lingkaran di kelas VIII SMP Negeri 19 Palu. Jurnal Elektronik Pendidikan Matematika Tadulako, 2(1), 69–82. https://jurnal.fkip.untad.ac.id/index.php/jpmt/article/view/226

Paradina, D., Connie, & Medriati, R. (2019). Pengaruh model pembelajaran problem based learning terhadap hasil belajar siswa di kelas X. Jurnal Kumparan Fisika, 2(3), 169–176. https://doi.org/10.33369/jkf.2.3.169-176

Shofwani, S. A., & Rochmah, S. (2021). Penerapan problem based learning untuk meningkatkan minat dan hasil belajar managemen operasional di masa pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Educatio FKIP UNMA, 7(2), 439–445. https://doi.org/10.31949/educatio.v7i2.1074

Suardana, P. (2019). Penerapan model pembelajaran problem based learning (PBL) dengan metode demonstrasi untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar permainan tolak peluru. Journal of Education Action Research, 3(3), 270. https://doi.org/10.23887/jear.v3i3.17974

Yusuf, W. F. (2018). Implementasi Kurikulum 2013 (K-13) pada mata pelajaran pendidikan agama islam sekolah dasar (SD). Al-Murabbi: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam, 3(2), 263–278. https://jurnal.yudharta.ac.id/v2/index.php/pai/article/view/1097

Published
2023-12-31
How to Cite
Kusuma, L., & Fauziah, A. (2023). PENINGKATAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA MENGGUNAKAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN PROBLEM BASED LEARNING DI KELAS VIII SMP. PENSA: E-JURNAL PENDIDIKAN SAINS, 11(3), 256-260. Retrieved from https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/pensa/article/view/53981
Section
Articles
Abstract Views: 51
PDF Downloads: 41