EJEKAN POLITIK PEMILU TIGA ZAMAN (1955-2014)
In the history of politics in Indonesia, there is an interesting phenomenon that occurs at the time leading up to, implementation until the end of the election. The phenomenon that arises is the emergence of the phenomenon of political satire between parties or supporters. Political satire is an act of controlling, ridicule, satire or insult in politics with the intention of bringing down opponents or other groups with different interests as an attempt to seize power. This study utilizes other social science approaches, namely by using a political communication approach to explain political ridicule in the implementation of elections in Indonesia from 1955 to 2014.
This study discusses (1) the forms of political satire in the implementation of the Old Order general election; (2) The form of political satire in the implementation of the New Order General Election; and (3) The form of political satire in the implementation of the General Election during the Reformation period. Then this study uses historical research methods where the research process includes collecting and collecting phenomena that occur in the end. History writing has 5 stages, namely: (1) topics, (2) heuristics or source collection, (3) collection or criticism, (4) interpretation or sources, and lastly (5) history writing in the form of outlining the results of their research in descriptive form.
. In addition to presenting types of political satire in elections from the Old Order, New Order and Reform, the results of this study also show similarities and differences regarding the phenomenon of political satire that emerged in the elections from the Old Order, New Order and Reformation eras. This difference can be seen in terms of language use, where political satire during the Old Order tended to be more vulgar than political ridicule during the New Order and Reformation. Then the similarity of the political ridicule of these three eras lies in the use of media as a tool to propagate political messages where newspapers and magazines are more dominant.
Keywords: Political Satire, Election, Old Order, New Order, Reformation Era