ANALISIS BUKU AJAR IPA SMP TERKAIT KOMPONEN STEM (SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, MATHEMATICS) PADA MATERI TEKANAN ZAT

  • Cicik Erlina Anggraini Jurusan IPA, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  • Tutut Nurita Jurusan IPA, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Negeri Surabaya
Keywords: Textbooks, STEM, pressure

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the STEM components (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) contained in the VIII grade science textbook on pressure chapter. The research design used is descriptive research with a quantitative approach. The research object used in this study was the science textbook with three different publishers, that are Kemendikbud, Erlangga, and Quadra. The research instrument used in this study was an observation sheet arranged based on STEM components. The data collection technique was conducted by observing three types of science books related to the STEM component in the pressure chapter. The data analysis technique used in this research is content analysis. This study adds up the emergence of STEM components in textbooks, then presented in percentage form, after that determines the average percentage of STEM components analyzed from science textbooks, and finally provides descriptive analysis based on the data that has been obtained in each science textbook. The results of this study indicate that the three books analyzed contain STEM components in them. The average percentage of the emergence of STEM components in these three books is the science component of 56,7%, the technology component of 10,7%, the engineering component of 16,2% and the mathematics component of 16,3%. The conclusion of this research is the three textbooks already include STEM components and are suitable for use in facing the challenges of 21st century learning.

References

Ahmadi, A., & Derakhshan, A. (2016). EFL Teachers’ Perceptions towards Textbook Evaluation. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 6(2), 260-267. https://doi.org/10.17507/tpls.0602.06.
Agnezi, L. A., Khair, N., & Yolanda, S. (2019). Analisis Sajian Buku Ajar Fisika SMA Kelas X Semester 1 Terkait Komponen Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics (STEM). Jurnal Eksakta Pendidikan (Jep), 3(2), 167-175. https://doi.org/10.24036/jep/vol3-iss2/388.
Azura, A., & Octarya, Z. (2020). Desain dan Uji Coba Buku Ajar berbasis Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics pada Materi Asam Basa. JEDCHEM (Journal Education and Chemistry), 2(1), 32–38. http://ejournal.uniks.ac.id/index.php/JEDCHEM/article/view/417
BPS. (2020). Berita Resmi Statistik: Keadaan Ketenagakerjaan Indonesia Agustus 2020. Badan Pusat Statistik, 86, 1–24.
Ham, A. K. van den, & Heinze, A. (2018). Does the textbook matter? Longitudinal effects of textbook choice on primary school students’ achievement in mathematics. Studies in Educational Evaluation, 59(July), 133–140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.stueduc.2018.07.005.
Hani, R., & Suwarma, I. R. (2018). Profil Motivasi Belajar Ipa Siswa Sekolah Menengah Pertama Dalam Pembelajaran Ipa Berbasis Stem. WaPFi (Wahana Pendidikan Fisika), 3(1), 62-68. https://doi.org/10.17509/wapfi.v3i1.10942.
Herak, R., & Lamanepa, G. H. (2019). Meningkatkan Kreatifitas Siswa melalui STEM dalam Pembelajaran IPA Increasing Student Creativity through STEM in Science Learning. Jurnal EduMatSains, 4(1), 89–98.
Ismayani, A. (2016). Pengaruh Penerapan STEM Project - Based Learning terhadap Kreativitas Matematis Siswa SMK. Indonesian Digital Journal of Mathematics and Education, 3(4), 264–272.
Kelley, T. R., & Knowles, J. G. (2016). A conceptual framework for integrated STEM education. International Journal of STEM Education, 3(11), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-016-0046-z.
Miyarso, E. (2019). Perancangan Pembelajaran Inovatif. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.
Muhtadi, A. (2019). Pembelajaran Inovatif. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.
Nugroho, O. F., Permanasari, A., & Firman, H. (2019). The movement of stem education in Indonesia: Science teachers’ perspectives. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 8(3), 417–425. https://doi.org/10.15294/jpii.v8i3.19252.
Nurdini, N., Sari, I. M., & Suryana, I. (2018). Analisis Buku Ajar Fisika Sma Kelas Xi Semester 1 Di Kota Bandung Berdasarkan Keseimbangan Aspek Literasi Sains. WaPFi (Wahana Pendidikan Fisika), 3(1), 96-103. https://doi.org/10.17509/wapfi.v3i1.10948.
OECD. (2019). PISA 2018 Results. Combined Executive Summaries. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 53(9), 1689–1699. www.oecd.org/about/publishing/corrigenda.htm.
Pangesti, K. I., Yulianti, D., & Sugianto. (2017). Bahan Ajar Berbasis STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) untuk Meningkatkan Penguasaan Konsep Siswa SMA. Unnes Physics Education Journal, 6(3), 53–58. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/ars.2015.6320.
Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Nomor 5 Tahun 2011. Penetapan Buku Teks Pelajaran yang Memenuhi Syarat Kelayakan Untuk Digunakan dalam Pembelajaran. 4 Februari 2011. Berita Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 2011 Nomor 56. Jakarta
Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan No 35 Tahun 2018. Kurikulum 2013 Sekolah Menengah Pertama/Madrasah Tsanawiyah. 14 Desember 2018. Berita Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 2014 Nomor 1690. Jakarta
Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Nomor 58 Tahun 2014. Kurikulum 2013 Sekolah Menengah Pertama/Madrasah Tsanawiyah. 11 Juli 2014. Berita Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 2014 Nomor 954. Jakarta
Radloff, J., & Guzey, S. (2016). Investigating Preservice STEM Teacher Conceptions of STEM Education. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 25(5), 759–774. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10956-016-9633-5.
Redhana, I. W. (2019). Mengembangkan Keterampilan Abad Ke-21 Dalam Pembelajaran Kimia. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Kimia, 13(1), 2239-2253.
Stehle, S. M., & Burton, E. E. P. (2019). Developing student 21st Century skills in selected exemplary inclusive STEM high schools. International Journal of STEM Education, 6(1), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-019-0192-1.
Stohlmann, M., Moore, T., & Roehrig, G. (2012). Considerations for Teaching Integrated STEM Education. Journal of Pre-College Engineering Education Research, 2(1), 28–34. https://doi.org/10.5703/1288284314653.
Sudarsono, S., Abdurrahman, A., & Rosidin, U. (2020). Pengembangan Cerita Bergambar Fisika Berbasis STEM untuk Menumbuhkan Literasi Sains pada Siswa SMP. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika, 8(1), 11-23. https://doi.org/10.24127/jpf.v8i1.2202.
Sugiyono. (2017). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta
Sukaesih, S., & Kartijono, N. E. (2014). Pengembangan buku ajar microteaching biologi berbasis kompetensi dan karakter konservasi. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 3(1), 79–85. https://doi.org/10.15294/jpii.v3i1.2904
Utami, I. S., Septiyanto, R. F., Wibowo, F. C., & Suryana, A. (2017). Pengembangan STEM-A (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematic and Animation) Berbasis Kearifan Lokal dalam Pembelajaran Fisika. Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Fisika Al-Biruni, 6(1), 67-73. https://doi.org/10.24042/jpifalbiruni.v6i1.1581.
Published
2021-12-02
How to Cite
Anggraini, C., & Nurita, T. (2021). ANALISIS BUKU AJAR IPA SMP TERKAIT KOMPONEN STEM (SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, MATHEMATICS) PADA MATERI TEKANAN ZAT. PENSA: E-JURNAL PENDIDIKAN SAINS, 9(3), 282-288. Retrieved from https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/pensa/article/view/38653
Section
Articles
Abstract Views: 527
PDF Downloads: 670